Stock exchanges (1 - 10 of 60 items)
Financial Audit: Securities and Exchange Commission's Fiscal Years 2013 and 2012 Financial Statements [Reissued on December 23, 2013]
GAO-14-213R: Published: Dec 16, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2013.
GAO found (1) the United States Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) and its Investor Protection Fund's (IPF) financial statements are presented fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; (2) SEC maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2013, although internal control...
Financial Regulation: Clearer Goals and Reporting Requirements Could Enhance Efforts by CFTC and SEC to Harmonize Their Regulatory Approaches
GAO-10-410: Published: Apr 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 2010.
The conference report accompanying the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 directed GAO to assess the joint report of the (SEC) and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) on harmonization of their regulatory approaches. In October 2009, CFTC and SEC issued this report in response to the Department of the Treasury's recommendation that the two agencies assess conflicts in their rules a...
Regulation SHO: Recent Actions Appear to Have Initially Reduced Failures to Deliver, but More Industry Guidance Is Needed
GAO-09-483: Published: May 12, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 3, 2009.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted Regulation SHO to, among other things, curb the potential for manipulative naked short selling in equity securities. Selling a security short without borrowing the securities needed to settle the trade within the standard 3-day period, can result in failures to deliver (FTD), and can be used to manipulate (drive down) the price of a security. To...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Oversight of U.S. Equities Market Clearing Agencies
GAO-09-318R: Published: Feb 26, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2009.
An effective clearance and settlement process is vital to the functioning of equities markets. When investors agree to trade an equity security, the purchaser promises to deliver cash to the seller and the seller promises to deliver the security to the purchaser. The process by which the seller receives payment and the buyer, the securities, is known as clearance and settlement. In the United Stat...
Financial Market Preparedness: Significant Progress Has Been Made, but Pandemic Planning and Other Challenges Remain
GAO-07-399: Published: Mar 29, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2007.
This is GAO's third report since the September 11 terrorist attacks that assesses progress that market participants and regulators have made to ensure the security and resiliency of our securities markets. This report examined (1) actions taken to improve the markets' capabilities to prevent and recover from attacks; (2) actions taken to improve disaster response and increase telecommunications re...
Financial Market Preparedness: Improvements Made, but More Action Needed to Prepare for Wide-Scale Disasters
GAO-04-984: Published: Sep 27, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2004.
In February 2003 reports, GAO identified actions needed to better prepare critical financial market participants for wide-scale disasters, such as terrorist attacks. To determine progress made since then, GAO assessed (1) actions that critical securities market organizations took to improve their ability to prevent and recover from disruptions, (2) actions that financial market and telecommunicati...
Securities Markets: Competition and Multiple Regulators Heighten Concerns about Self-Regulation
GAO-02-362: Published: May 3, 2002. Publicly Released: May 3, 2002.
In the securities markets, competition among self-regulatory organizations (SRO) and their members for customer orders has heightened concerns about conflicts of interest in their roles as both market operators and regulators. Nasdaq--the market run by the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD)--has been in competition with NASD members that run electronic communications networks. For y...
Securities Regulation: Improvements Needed in the Amex Listing Program
GAO-02-18: Published: Nov 27, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2001.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has indicated that one-third of Amex's new listings did not meet the exchange's equity listing standards. Amex's listing guidelines address factors that are the same or similar to those addressed by other U.S. stock markets. Quantitative requirements addressed share price, stockholders' equity, income, and market value of publicly held shares. However,...
Securities Pricing: Trading Volumes and NASD System Limitations Led to Decimal-Trading Delay
GGD/AIMD-00-319: Published: Sep 20, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the progress that the securities industry has made toward the implementation of decimal pricing for U.S. stocks, focusing on: (1) what were the specific reasons that the Nasdaq market was not ready for the July 3, 2000, implementation date and how the National Association of Securities Dealers', Inc. (NASD) decimal-trading preparations compared wit...
Securities Arbitration: Actions Needed to Address Problem of Unpaid Awards
GGD-00-115: Published: Jun 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on issues relating to the arbitration process in the securities industry, focusing on: (1) whether arbitration forums had implemented recommendations made in GAO's 1992 report and whether the changes were effective; (2) how investors fared in award decisions; and (3) the extent to which investors were paid the amounts awarded by arbitra...