Internal controls (1 - 10 of 48 items)
Securities and Exchange Commission: Management Has Enhanced Supervisory Controls and Could Further Improve Efficiency
GAO-17-16: Published: Oct 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2016.
As of the end of fiscal year 2015, the internal supervisory control framework of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) reflected key components of federal internal control, including identifying and assessing risks; designing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating controls; and reporting the results. Internal supervisory controls are management processes to help ensure that procedures ap...
Securities Regulation: SEC Can Further Enhance Its Oversight Program of FINRA
GAO-15-376: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
Since GAO reported in May 2012, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has incorporated elements of a risk-management framework into its oversight program of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). For example, SEC has developed and implemented procedures for identifying and assessing FINRA program risks, which then inform its annual oversight plan and activities for FINRA. In 2...
Financial Audit: Securities and Exchange Commission's Fiscal Years 2013 and 2012 Financial Statements [Reissued on December 23, 2013]
GAO-14-213R: Published: Dec 16, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2013.
GAO found (1) the United States Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) and its Investor Protection Fund's (IPF) financial statements are presented fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; (2) SEC maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2013, although internal control...
Investment Advisers: Requirements and Costs Associated with the Custody Rule
GAO-13-569: Published: Jul 8, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2013.
Designed to safeguard client assets, the Securities and Exchange Commission's(SEC) rule governing advisers' custody of client assets (custody rule) imposes various requirements and, in turn, costs on investment advisers. To protect investors, the rule requires advisers that have custody to (1) use qualified custodians (e.g., banks or broker-dealers) to hold client assets and (2) have a reasonable...
Securities Fraud Liability of Secondary Actors
GAO-11-664: Published: Jul 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2011.
This report responds to the mandate in section 929Z of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act directing GAO to study the impact of authorizing a private legal right of action against any person who aids or abets another in violation of the securities laws. The report includes a description of the legal and factual background of such "secondary actor" liability, as well as a...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Information on Fair Fund Collections and Distributions
GAO-10-448R: Published: Apr 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 2010.
The Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) primary mission is to protect investors and maintain the integrity of securities markets. As a part of its responsibility to protect investors, SEC seeks to ensure that individuals who violate federal securities laws and regulations take responsibility for their misdeeds. Specifically, when individuals or firms are found to have violated securities la...
Regulation SHO: Recent Actions Appear to Have Initially Reduced Failures to Deliver, but More Industry Guidance Is Needed
GAO-09-483: Published: May 12, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 3, 2009.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted Regulation SHO to, among other things, curb the potential for manipulative naked short selling in equity securities. Selling a security short without borrowing the securities needed to settle the trade within the standard 3-day period, can result in failures to deliver (FTD), and can be used to manipulate (drive down) the price of a security. To...
Management Report: Improvements Needed in SEC's Internal Controls and Accounting Procedures
GAO-09-376R: Published: Apr 2, 2009. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2009.
On November 14, 2008, we issued our opinion on the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) fiscal years 2008 and 2007 financial statements. We also issued our opinion on the effectiveness of SEC's internal control over financial reporting (including safeguarding of assets) and over compliance as of September 30, 2008, and our evaluation of SEC's compliance with selected provisions of laws...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Oversight of U.S. Equities Market Clearing Agencies
GAO-09-318R: Published: Feb 26, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2009.
An effective clearance and settlement process is vital to the functioning of equities markets. When investors agree to trade an equity security, the purchaser promises to deliver cash to the seller and the seller promises to deliver the security to the purchaser. The process by which the seller receives payment and the buyer, the securities, is known as clearance and settlement. In the United Stat...
Financial Regulation: Review of Regulators' Oversight of Risk Management Systems at a Limited Number of Large, Complex Financial Institutions
GAO-09-499T: Published: Mar 19, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2009.
Financial regulators have an important role in assessing risk management systems at financial institutions. Analyses have identified inadequate risk management at large, complex financial institutions as one of the causes of the current financial crisis. The failure of the institutions to appropriately identify, measure, and manage their risks has raised questions not only about corporate governan...