Securities regulation (21 - 30 of 140 items)
Securities and Exchange Commission: Steps Being Taken to Make Examination Program More Risk-Based and Transparent
GAO-07-1053: Published: Aug 14, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2007.
After widespread unlawful trading practices surfaced in the mutual fund industry in late 2003, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), through its Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE), took steps intended to revise its examination process to better identify and focus its resources on those activities representing the highest risk to investors. More recently, some registra...
Credit Derivatives: Confirmation Backlogs Increased Dealers' Operational Risks, but Were Successfully Addressed after Joint Regulatory Action
GAO-07-716: Published: Jun 13, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2007.
Over-the-counter (OTC) credit derivatives are privately negotiated contracts that allow a party to transfer the risk of default on a bond or loan to another party without transferring ownership. After trading in these products grew dramatically in recent years, backlogs of thousands of trades developed for which dealers had yet to formally confirm the trade terms with end-users--such as hedge fund...
Financial Product Sales: Actions Needed to Protect Military Members
GAO-06-245T: Published: Nov 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2005.
In 2004, a series of media articles alleged that financial firms were marketing expensive and potentially unnecessary insurance or other financial products to members of the military. GAO's report for this committee examined (1) features and marketing of certain insurance and securities products being sold to military members and (2) how financial regulators and the Department of Defense (DOD) wer...
SEC Mutual Fund Oversight: Positive Actions Are Being Taken, but Regulatory Challenges Remain
GAO-05-692T: Published: Jun 7, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2005.
Trading abuses--including market timing and late trading violations--uncovered among some of the most well-known companies in the mutual fund industry permitted favored customers to profit at the expense of long-term shareholders. Questions have also been raised as to why the New York State Office of the Attorney General identified the trading abuses in September 2003 before the industry's primary...
Follow-Up on GAO Recommendations Concerning the Securities Investor Protection Corporation
GAO-04-848R: Published: Jul 9, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 9, 2004.
This letter responds to a Congressional request that GAO report on the status of our recommendations relating to the Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) oversight of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC) and investor education. As requested, this letter also includes information on SIPC's progress in implementing SEC's recommendations from its January 2003 examination of SIP...
Securities Investor Protection: Update on Matters Related to the Securities Investor Protection Corporation
GAO-03-811: Published: Jul 11, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2003.
As result of ongoing concerns about the adequacy of disclosures provided to investors about the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC) and investors' responsibilities to protect their investments, GAO issued a report in 2001 entitled Securities Investor Protection: Steps Needed to Better Disclose SIPC Policies to Investors (GAO-01-653). GAO was asked to determine the status of recommend...
SEC Enforcement: More Actions Needed to Improve Oversight of Disgorgement Collections
GAO-02-771: Published: Jul 12, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2002.
Every year investors lose money to individuals and corporations that violate federal securities laws. One mission of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is to deter such violations and return lost funds to investors. SEC's primary tool is the disgorgement order, which requires violators to give up money obtained through securities law violations. In order for disgorgement to succeed, SEC...
Securities Markets: Competition and Multiple Regulators Heighten Concerns about Self-Regulation
GAO-02-362: Published: May 3, 2002. Publicly Released: May 3, 2002.
In the securities markets, competition among self-regulatory organizations (SRO) and their members for customer orders has heightened concerns about conflicts of interest in their roles as both market operators and regulators. Nasdaq--the market run by the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD)--has been in competition with NASD members that run electronic communications networks. For y...
Securities Operations: Update on Actions Taken to Address Day Trading Concerns
GAO-02-20: Published: Nov 27, 2001. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2002.
Concerns arose in the late 1990s about day trading, particularly the use of questionable advertising to attract customers without fully disclosing or by downplaying the risks involved. Concerns were also raised that traders were losing large amounts of money. Day traders as a group and day trading firms have continued to evolve and are generally more experienced and sophisticated about securities...
Securities Regulation: Improvements Needed in the Amex Listing Program
GAO-02-18: Published: Nov 27, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2001.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has indicated that one-third of Amex's new listings did not meet the exchange's equity listing standards. Amex's listing guidelines address factors that are the same or similar to those addressed by other U.S. stock markets. Quantitative requirements addressed share price, stockholders' equity, income, and market value of publicly held shares. However,...