Securities regulation (1 - 10 of 140 items)
Securities and Exchange Commission: Management Has Enhanced Supervisory Controls and Could Further Improve Efficiency
GAO-17-16: Published: Oct 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2016.
As of the end of fiscal year 2015, the internal supervisory control framework of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) reflected key components of federal internal control, including identifying and assessing risks; designing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating controls; and reporting the results. Internal supervisory controls are management processes to help ensure that procedures ap...
Financial Audit: Securities and Exchange Commission's Fiscal Years 2013 and 2012 Financial Statements [Reissued on December 23, 2013]
GAO-14-213R: Published: Dec 16, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2013.
GAO found (1) the United States Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) and its Investor Protection Fund's (IPF) financial statements are presented fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; (2) SEC maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2013, although internal control...
Investment Advisers: Requirements and Costs Associated with the Custody Rule
GAO-13-569: Published: Jul 8, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2013.
Designed to safeguard client assets, the Securities and Exchange Commission's(SEC) rule governing advisers' custody of client assets (custody rule) imposes various requirements and, in turn, costs on investment advisers. To protect investors, the rule requires advisers that have custody to (1) use qualified custodians (e.g., banks or broker-dealers) to hold client assets and (2) have a reasonable...
Financial Crisis: Review of Federal Reserve System Financial Assistance to American International Group, Inc.
GAO-11-616: Published: Sep 30, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2011.
In September 2008, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve Board) approved emergency lending to American International Group, Inc. (AIG)--the first in a series of actions that, together with the Department of the Treasury, authorized $182.3 billion in federal aid to assist the company. Federal Reserve System officials said that their goal was to avert a disorderly fai...
Securities Fraud Liability of Secondary Actors
GAO-11-664: Published: Jul 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2011.
This report responds to the mandate in section 929Z of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act directing GAO to study the impact of authorizing a private legal right of action against any person who aids or abets another in violation of the securities laws. The report includes a description of the legal and factual background of such "secondary actor" liability, as well as a...
Private Fund Advisers: Although a Self-Regulatory Organization Could Supplement SEC Oversight, It Would Present Challenges and Trade-offs
GAO-11-623: Published: Jul 11, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 2011.
Over the past decade, hedge funds, private equity funds, and other private funds proliferated but were largely unregulated, causing members of Congress and Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) staff to raise questions about investor protection and systemic risk. To address this potential regulatory gap, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) brought cert...
Person-To-Person Lending: New Regulatory Challenges Could Emerge as the Industry Grows
GAO-11-613: Published: Jul 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2011.
Over the last decade, Internet-based platforms have emerged that allow individuals to lend money to other individuals in what has become known as person-to-person lending. These online platforms present a new source of credit for borrowers and a potential investment opportunity for those with capital to lend. Both for-profit and nonprofit options exist, allowing for income-generating and philanthr...
Financial Regulation: Clearer Goals and Reporting Requirements Could Enhance Efforts by CFTC and SEC to Harmonize Their Regulatory Approaches
GAO-10-410: Published: Apr 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 2010.
The conference report accompanying the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 directed GAO to assess the joint report of the (SEC) and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) on harmonization of their regulatory approaches. In October 2009, CFTC and SEC issued this report in response to the Department of the Treasury's recommendation that the two agencies assess conflicts in their rules a...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Information on Fair Fund Collections and Distributions
GAO-10-448R: Published: Apr 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 2010.
The Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) primary mission is to protect investors and maintain the integrity of securities markets. As a part of its responsibility to protect investors, SEC seeks to ensure that individuals who violate federal securities laws and regulations take responsibility for their misdeeds. Specifically, when individuals or firms are found to have violated securities la...
Financial Regulation: Recent Crisis Reaffirms the Need to Overhaul the U.S. Regulatory System
GAO-09-1049T: Published: Sep 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2009.
This testimony discusses issues relating to efforts to reform the regulatory structure of the financial system. In the midst of the worst economic crisis affecting financial markets globally in more than 75 years, federal officials have taken unprecedented steps to stem the unraveling of the financial services sector. While these actions aimed to provide relief in the short term, the severity of t...