Regulatory agencies (1 - 10 of 43 items)
Community Banks and Credit Unions: Impact of the Dodd-Frank Act Depends Largely on Future Rule Makings
GAO-12-881: Published: Sep 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
While the number of community banks and credit unions has declined in recent years, they have remained important lenders to small businesses and other local customers. From 1985 through 2010, the number of banks under $10 billion in assets and credit unions declined by over 50 percent to 7,551 and 7,339, respectively. The decline resulted largely from consolidations, which were facilitated by chan...
Securities Research: Additional Actions Could Improve Regulatory Oversight of Analyst Conflicts of Interest
GAO-12-209: Published: Jan 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2012.
Existing research and stakeholder views suggest that the Global Settlement and other regulatory actions have helped to address conflicts faced by equity research analysts. The results of the empirical studies that GAO reviewed generally suggest that the Global Settlement and equity research rules adopted by the SROs were associated with improvements in analysts stock recommendations. FINRA o...
Ginnie Mae: Risk Management and Cost Modeling Require Continuing Attention
GAO-12-49: Published: Nov 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2011.
The Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae) has increased its role in the secondary mortgage market significantly. Ginnie Mae is a wholly owned government corporation in the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). It guarantees the timely payment of principal and interest of mortgage-backed securities (MBS) backed by pools of federally insured or guaranteed mortgage loans,...
Person-To-Person Lending: New Regulatory Challenges Could Emerge as the Industry Grows
GAO-11-613: Published: Jul 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2011.
Over the last decade, Internet-based platforms have emerged that allow individuals to lend money to other individuals in what has become known as person-to-person lending. These online platforms present a new source of credit for borrowers and a potential investment opportunity for those with capital to lend. Both for-profit and nonprofit options exist, allowing for income-generating and philanthr...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Action Needed to Improve Rating Agency Registration Program and Performance-Related Disclosures
GAO-10-782: Published: Sep 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2010.
In 2006, Congress passed the Credit Rating Agency Reform Act (Act), which intended to improve credit ratings by fostering accountability, transparency, and competition. The Act established Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) oversight over Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organizations (NRSRO), which are credit rating agencies that are registered with SEC. The Act requires GAO to revi...
Defined Benefit Pension Plans: Plans Face Valuation and Other Challenges When Investing in Hedge Funds and Private Equity
GAO-10-915T: Published: Jul 20, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2010.
Millions of Americans rely on private or public defined benefit pension plans, which promise to pay retirement benefits that are generally based on an employee's salary and years of service. Plan sponsors are increasingly investing in "alternative" assets such as hedge funds and private equity. This has raised concerns, given that these two types of investments have qualified for exemptions from s...
Financial Regulation: Clearer Goals and Reporting Requirements Could Enhance Efforts by CFTC and SEC to Harmonize Their Regulatory Approaches
GAO-10-410: Published: Apr 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 2010.
The conference report accompanying the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 directed GAO to assess the joint report of the (SEC) and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) on harmonization of their regulatory approaches. In October 2009, CFTC and SEC issued this report in response to the Department of the Treasury's recommendation that the two agencies assess conflicts in their rules a...
Financial Regulation: Recent Crisis Reaffirms the Need to Overhaul the U.S. Regulatory System
GAO-09-1049T: Published: Sep 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2009.
This testimony discusses issues relating to efforts to reform the regulatory structure of the financial system. In the midst of the worst economic crisis affecting financial markets globally in more than 75 years, federal officials have taken unprecedented steps to stem the unraveling of the financial services sector. While these actions aimed to provide relief in the short term, the severity of t...
Regulation SHO: Recent Actions Appear to Have Initially Reduced Failures to Deliver, but More Industry Guidance Is Needed
GAO-09-483: Published: May 12, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 3, 2009.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted Regulation SHO to, among other things, curb the potential for manipulative naked short selling in equity securities. Selling a security short without borrowing the securities needed to settle the trade within the standard 3-day period, can result in failures to deliver (FTD), and can be used to manipulate (drive down) the price of a security. To...
Financial Regulation: A Framework for Crafting and Assessing Proposals to Modernize the Outdated U.S. Financial Regulatory System
GAO-09-349T: Published: Feb 4, 2009. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 2009.
This testimony discusses our January 8, 2009, report that provides a framework for modernizing the outdated U.S. financial regulatory system. We prepared this work under the authority of the Comptroller General to help policymakers weigh various regulatory reform proposals and consider ways in which the current regulatory system could be made more effective and efficient. This testimony is based o...