Financial management (11 - 20 of 52 items)
Hedge Funds: Overview of Regulatory Oversight, Counterparty Risks, and Investment Challenges
GAO-09-677T: Published: May 7, 2009. Publicly Released: May 7, 2009.
In 2008, GAO issued two reports on hedge funds--pooled investment vehicles that are privately managed and often engage in active trading of various types of securities and commodity futures and options contracts--highlighting the need for continued regulatory attention and for guidance to better inform pension plans on the risks and challenges of hedge fund investments. Hedge funds generally quali...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Oversight of U.S. Equities Market Clearing Agencies
GAO-09-318R: Published: Feb 26, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2009.
An effective clearance and settlement process is vital to the functioning of equities markets. When investors agree to trade an equity security, the purchaser promises to deliver cash to the seller and the seller promises to deliver the security to the purchaser. The process by which the seller receives payment and the buyer, the securities, is known as clearance and settlement. In the United Stat...
Private Pensions: Conflicts of Interest Can Affect Defined Benefit and Defined Contribution Plans
GAO-09-503T: Published: Mar 24, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2009.
Conflicts of interest typically exist when someone in a position of trust, such as a pension consultant, has competing professional or personal issues. Such competing interests can make it difficult for pension plan fiduciaries and others, in general, to fulfill their duties impartially and could cause them to breach their duty to act solely in the interest of plan participants and beneficiaries....
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Status of Efforts to Address Transparency and Accountability Issues
GAO-09-484T: Published: Mar 19, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2009.
This testimony discusses our work on the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), under which the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) has the authority to purchase and insure up to $700 billion in troubled assets held by financial institutions through its Office of Financial Stability (OFS). As Congress may know, Treasury was granted this authority in response to the financial crisis that has threa...
Private Equity: Recent Growth in Leveraged Buyouts Exposed Risks That Warrant Continued Attention
GAO-08-885: Published: Sep 9, 2008. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2008.
The increase in leveraged buyouts (LBO) of U.S. companies by private equity funds prior to the slowdown in mid-2007 has raised questions about the potential impact of these deals. Some praise LBOs for creating new governance structures for companies and providing longer term investment opportunities for investors. Others criticize LBOs for causing job losses and burdening companies with too much d...
Sovereign Wealth Funds: Publicly Available Data on Sizes and Investments for Some Funds Are Limited
GAO-08-946: Published: Sep 9, 2008. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2008.
Sovereign wealth funds (SWF) are government-controlled funds that seek to invest in other countries. With new funds being created and many growing rapidly, some see these funds providing valuable capital to world markets, but others are concerned that the funds are not transparent and could be used to further national goals and potentially harm the countries where they invest. GAO plans to issue a...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Opportunities Exist to Improve Oversight of Self-Regulatory Organizations
GAO-08-33: Published: Nov 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2007.
Self-regulatory organizations (SRO) are exchanges and associations that operate and govern the markets, and that are subject to oversight by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Among other things, SROs monitor the markets, investigate and discipline members involved in improper trading, and make referrals to SEC regarding suspicious trades by nonmembers. For industry self-regulation to f...
Government-Sponsored Enterprises: A Framework for Strengthening GSE Governance and Oversight
GAO-04-269T: Published: Feb 10, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2004.
Congress established government sponsored enterprises (GSE)-- such as Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, the FHLBank System, and the Farm Credit System--to facilitate the development of mortgage and agricultural lending in the United States. Although the federal government does not explicitly guarantee the GSEs' approximately $4.4 trillion in financial obligations, the potential exists that the government w...
Financial Statement Restatements: Trends, Market Impacts, Regulatory Responses, and Remaining Challenges
GAO-03-138: Published: Oct 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 23, 2002.
A number of well-publicized announcements about financial statement restatements by large, well-known public companies have erased billions of dollars of previously reported earnings and raised questions about the credibility of accounting practices and the quality of corporate financial disclosure and oversight in the United States. Industry officials and academics have speculated that several fa...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Reviews of Accounting Matters Related to Public Filings
GAO-01-718: Published: Jun 14, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2001.
This report reviews the Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) resolution of accounting issues submitted by companies that have or are contemplating publicly traded securities. Companies are required by law to register their securities with SEC by filing a registration statement. This statement must contain financial and other information on the securities and the issuer. SEC's Office of the C...