Lending institutions (31 - 40 of 56 items)
Credit Unions: Financial Condition Has Improved, but Opportunities Exist to Enhance Oversight and Share Insurance Management
GAO-04-91: Published: Oct 27, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2003.
Recent legislative and regulatory changes have blurred some distinctions between credit unions and other depository institutions such as banks. The 1998 Credit Union Membership Access Act (CUMAA) allowed for an expansion of membership and mandated safety and soundness controls similar to those of other depository institutions. In light of these changes and the evolution of the credit union industr...
Financial Regulation: Review of Selected Operations of the Federal Housing Finance Board
GAO-03-364: Published: Feb 28, 2003. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2003.
The Federal Home Loan Bank System (System) faces additional risks due to the development of new products such as direct mortgage purchase programs. Responding to concern about the methods used for administrative decisionmaking, and the ability of the Federal Housing Finance Board (FHFB) to fulfill its critical mission to regulate the safety and soundness of the System, GAO was asked to (1) compare...
Automated Teller Machines: Issues Related to Real-time Fee Disclosure
GGD/AIMD-00-224: Published: Jul 11, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 2000.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on real-time disclosure of foreign automated teller machine (ATM) fees levied by the card-issuing bank, focusing on: (1) alterations to the ATM system that would be needed to support real-time foreign fee disclosure; (2) estimated costs and timeframes associated with implementing real-time foreign fee disclosure; (3) potential competi...
Risk-Focused Bank Examinations: Regulators of Large Banking Organizations Face Challenges
GGD-00-48: Published: Jan 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the risk-focused approaches used by the Federal Reserve and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), focusing on: (1) the general characteristics of the regulators' risk-focused approach to examinations of large, complex banks, explaining how they differ from past examination practices; (2) comparing the implementation of the...
Financial Services Institutions: Information for Assessing the Government's Potential Financial Exposure
GGD-98-125: Published: Jun 15, 1998. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on selected financial services institutions, focusing on: (1) the potential financial exposure faced by the federal government as a result of financial services institutions sponsored, in whole or in part, by the federal government; (2) the institutions sponsored, in whole or in part, by the federal government or corporations within the...
GSEs: Recent Trends and Policy Issues
T-OCE/GGD-97-76: Published: Jul 16, 1997. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 1997.
GAO discussed the large and growing role of government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) in the nation's credit markets.GAO noted that: (1) 95 percent of total outstanding GSE credit in 1996 was housing related, with the remaining 5 percent going for agricultural and educational purposes; (2) in recent years, housing has also been the only sector where GSE credit has been growing as a percentage of the...
Community Reinvestment Act: Preliminary Results of GAO's Study on CRA Problems and Proposed Reforms
T-GGD-95-113: Published: Mar 8, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the implementation of the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). GAO noted that: (1) CRA requires bank regulators to assess banks' community lending performance during examinations; (2) community groups urged the passage of CRA to curb what they believed to be a lack of adequate investment in low- and moderate-income areas; (3) community groups have ra...
Bank and Thrift Regulation: Better Guidance Is Needed for Real Estate Evaluations
GGD-94-144: Published: May 24, 1994. Publicly Released: May 24, 1994.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the de minimis appraisal threshold set by federal financial regulators and the regulatory guidance provided to financial institutions on real estate evaluation practices and examination procedures.GAO found that: (1) financial regulators do not provide adequate guidance to financial institutions for establishing minimum evaluation standards or sp...
Minority-Owned Financial Institutions: Status of Federal Efforts to Preserve Minority Ownership
GGD-94-1: Published: Nov 3, 1993. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation of legislation that is designed to preserve minority ownership of financial institutions and assist minority-owned institutions and minority investors in acquiring failed institutions, focusing on: (1) Department of the Treasury, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), and Resolution Trus...
Bank Regulation: Regulatory Impediments to Small Business Lending Should Be Removed
GGD-93-121: Published: Sep 7, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 1993.
GAO provided information on small business bank credit and the impact that regulations have on its availability, focusing on whether regulations on small business lending can be safely reduced.GAO found that: (1) bankers have become more conservative in small business lending because of economic considerations; (2) regulatory burdens related to real estate collateral and appraisal requirements hav...