Financial institutions (71 - 80 of 106 items)
Government-Sponsored Enterprises: Using Private Risk Ratings for Exemptions From Federal Regulations
GGD-92-10: Published: Nov 6, 1991. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 1991.
GAO compared the risk ratings of government-sponsored enterprises (GSE) done by bank regulators and nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (NRSRO).GAO found that: (1) although NRSRO ratings and banks' process of assessing capital, assets, management, earnings, and liquidity (CAMEL) to determine rate risks were similar, they differed often enough that one could not be readily substi...
Credit Unions: Reforms for Ensuring Future Soundness
GGD-91-85: Published: Jul 10, 1991. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 1991.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO examined: (1) the financial condition of credit unions; (2) the regulation and supervision of credit unions; (3) the structure of the credit union industry; (4) the evolving role of credit unions in the financial marketplace; and (5) a certified public accountant's audits of the National Credit Union Administration's (NCUA) Operating and Share Insurance F...
Government-Sponsored Enterprises: A Framework for Limiting the Government's Exposure to Risks
GGD-91-90: Published: May 22, 1991. Publicly Released: May 22, 1991.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the risks undertaken by government-sponsored enterprises (GSE) in order to propose: (1) appropriate regulatory authorities for GSE federal regulators; (2) a regulatory structure to administer GSE oversight; and (3) capital standards to adequately protect the government's interest in GSE.GAO found that: (1) the Department of Housing and Urban Deve...
Deposit Insurance: A Strategy for Reform
GGD-91-26: Published: Mar 4, 1991. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 1991.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed issues associated with reforming the federal deposit insurance system, focusing on whether such reforms will result in a more safe, sound, and stable banking industry.GAO presented a comprehensive three-part reform program that could change the way banks are regulated and supervised, as well as the way the deposit insurance system functions, focu...
Comments on H.R. 5590: A Bill to Recapitalize the Bank Insurance Fund
T-GGD-90-64: Published: Sep 27, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1990.
GAO discussed proposed legislation that would recapitalize the Bank Insurance Fund (BIF) by requiring banks to contribute 1 percent of their total deposits. GAO found that: (1) in the past 2 years, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Fund lost about $5.1 billion and as a result, the ratio of insurance reserves to insured deposits fell to 0.7 percent, an all time low; (2) additional BI...
Deposit Insurance and Related Reforms
T-GGD-90-46: Published: Sep 19, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 1990.
GAO discussed deposit insurance reform. GAO noted that the current deposit insurance system is not the relatively and inexpensive proposition it appeared to be in the past because most of the characteristics which deflected risk away from the banks have been stripped away or significantly diminished due to advances in technology and other factors. GAO also noted that actions that could align the d...
Savings and Loan Crisis: Federal Response to Fraud in Financial Institutions
T-GGD-90-61: Published: Aug 1, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1990.
GAO discussed the federal response to fraud in depository institutions. GAO noted that: (1) in the past 4.5 years, 831 banks and 515 thrifts have failed and have been resolved; (2) of the 7,097 financial institution fraud investigations underway, 3,027 were major investigations involving banks', thrifts', and credit unions' potential losses of $100,000 or more; (3) the full cost of insured thrift...
Electronic Funds Transfer: Oversight of Critical Banking Systems Should Be Strengthened
IMTEC-90-14: Published: Jan 4, 1990. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed security measures for national and international electronic funds transfer systems, focusing on: (1) four Federal Reserve banks' security measures for the Federal Reserve Communications System (Fedwire); (2) the New York Clearing House Association's protective measures for its Clearing House Interbank Payments System (CHIPS); and (3) the Society fo...
Troubled Thrifts: Use of Supervisory Enforcement Actions
GGD-89-105BR: Published: Jul 19, 1989. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Federal Home Loan Bank Board's (FHLBB) supervisory enforcement actions to prevent or correct targeted violations or unsafe or unsound practices.GAO found that FHLBB enforcement actions at 47 near-failing thrifts between January 1986 and December 1988 were not always effective in preventing or correcting violations or unsafe or un...
Troubled Thrifts: Bank Board Use of Enforcement Actions
GGD-89-68BR: Published: Apr 13, 1989. Publicly Released: May 5, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided preliminary information from its assessment of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board's (FHLBB) enforcement actions against near-failing thrift institutions.GAO found that: (1) FHLBB took no formal enforcement action against over 50 percent of the 424 thrift institutions upon which it focused increased oversight; (2) FHLBB placed thrift institutions i...