Regulatory agencies (1 - 10 of 56 items)
Dodd-Frank Regulations: Impacts on Community Banks, Credit Unions and Systemically Important Institutions
GAO-16-169: Published: Dec 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 2015.
Federal financial agencies conducted required regulatory analyses for rules issued pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) and also reported required coordination. These agencies also addressed key elements of Office of Management and Budget guidance for conducting cost-benefit analyses for rules considered major—rules likely to result in an ann...
Foreclosure Review: Lessons Learned Could Enhance Continuing Reviews and Activities under Amended Consent Orders
GAO-13-277: Published: Mar 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2013.
Complexity of the reviews, overly broad guidance, and limited monitoring for consistency impeded the ability of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) to achieve the goals of the foreclosure review--to identify as many harmed borrowers as possible and ensure similar results for similarly situated borrowers. Reg...
Dodd-Frank Act: Agencies' Efforts to Analyze and Coordinate Their Rules
GAO-13-101: Published: Dec 18, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2012.
Federal agencies conducted the regulatory analyses required by various federal statutes for all 54 regulations issued pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) that GAO reviewed. As part of their analyses, the agencies generally considered, but typically did not quantify or monetize, the benefits and costs of these rules. Most of the federal financi...
Community Banks and Credit Unions: Impact of the Dodd-Frank Act Depends Largely on Future Rule Makings
GAO-12-881: Published: Sep 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
While the number of community banks and credit unions has declined in recent years, they have remained important lenders to small businesses and other local customers. From 1985 through 2010, the number of banks under $10 billion in assets and credit unions declined by over 50 percent to 7,551 and 7,339, respectively. The decline resulted largely from consolidations, which were facilitated by chan...
Ginnie Mae: Risk Management and Cost Modeling Require Continuing Attention
GAO-12-49: Published: Nov 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2011.
The Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae) has increased its role in the secondary mortgage market significantly. Ginnie Mae is a wholly owned government corporation in the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). It guarantees the timely payment of principal and interest of mortgage-backed securities (MBS) backed by pools of federally insured or guaranteed mortgage loans,...
Dodd-Frank Act Regulations: Implementation Could Benefit from Additional Analyses and Coordination
GAO-12-151: Published: Nov 10, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2011.
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) requires or authorizes various federal financial regulators to issue hundreds of rules to implement reforms intended to strengthen the financial services industry. GAO is required to annually study financial services regulations. This report examines (1) the regulatory analyses, including cost-benefit analyses, financia...
Proprietary Trading: Regulators Will Need More Comprehensive Information to Fully Monitor Compliance with New Restrictions When Implemented
GAO-11-529: Published: Jul 13, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2011.
In addition to trading on behalf of customers, banks and their affiliates have conducted proprietary trading, using their own funds to profit from short-term price changes in asset markets. To restrain risk-taking and reduce the potential for federal support for banking entities, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the act) prohibits banking entities from engaging in cer...
Person-To-Person Lending: New Regulatory Challenges Could Emerge as the Industry Grows
GAO-11-613: Published: Jul 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2011.
Over the last decade, Internet-based platforms have emerged that allow individuals to lend money to other individuals in what has become known as person-to-person lending. These online platforms present a new source of credit for borrowers and a potential investment opportunity for those with capital to lend. Both for-profit and nonprofit options exist, allowing for income-generating and philanthr...
Bank Regulation: Modified Prompt Corrective Action Framework Would Improve Effectiveness
GAO-11-612: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
More than 300 insured depository institutions have failed since the current financial crisis began in 2007, at an estimated cost of almost $60 billion to the deposit insurance fund (DIF), which covers losses to insured depositors. Since 1991, Congress has required federal banking regulators to take prompt corrective action (PCA) to identify and promptly address capital deficiencies at institutions...
Mortgage Foreclosures: Documentation Problems Reveal Need for Ongoing Regulatory Oversight
GAO-11-649T: Published: May 12, 2011. Publicly Released: May 12, 2011.
This testimony discusses our work on mortgage servicing issues. With record numbers of borrowers in default and delinquent on their loans, mortgage servicers--entities that manage home mortgage loans--are initiating large numbers of foreclosures throughout the country. As of December 2010, an estimated 4.6 percent of the about 50 million first-lien mortgages outstanding were in foreclosure--an inc...