Federal regulations (21 - 30 of 82 items)
Person-To-Person Lending: New Regulatory Challenges Could Emerge as the Industry Grows
GAO-11-613: Published: Jul 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2011.
Over the last decade, Internet-based platforms have emerged that allow individuals to lend money to other individuals in what has become known as person-to-person lending. These online platforms present a new source of credit for borrowers and a potential investment opportunity for those with capital to lend. Both for-profit and nonprofit options exist, allowing for income-generating and philanthr...
Bank Regulation: Modified Prompt Corrective Action Framework Would Improve Effectiveness
GAO-11-612: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
More than 300 insured depository institutions have failed since the current financial crisis began in 2007, at an estimated cost of almost $60 billion to the deposit insurance fund (DIF), which covers losses to insured depositors. Since 1991, Congress has required federal banking regulators to take prompt corrective action (PCA) to identify and promptly address capital deficiencies at institutions...
Mortgage Foreclosures: Documentation Problems Reveal Need for Ongoing Regulatory Oversight
GAO-11-649T: Published: May 12, 2011. Publicly Released: May 12, 2011.
This testimony discusses our work on mortgage servicing issues. With record numbers of borrowers in default and delinquent on their loans, mortgage servicers--entities that manage home mortgage loans--are initiating large numbers of foreclosures throughout the country. As of December 2010, an estimated 4.6 percent of the about 50 million first-lien mortgages outstanding were in foreclosure--an inc...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Status of Programs and Implementation of GAO Recommendations
GAO-11-74: Published: Jan 12, 2011. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2011.
Since the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) was implemented, GAO has issued more than 40 reports containing more than 60 recommendations to the Department of the Treasury (Treasury). This report assesses the status of Treasury's implementation of GAO's recommendations and current condition of TARP. Specifically, this 60-day report provides information on (1) the condition and status of active T...
Federal Housing Finance Agency: Oversight of the Federal Home Loan Banks' Agricultural and Small Business Collateral Policies Could Be Improved
GAO-10-792: Published: Jul 20, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2010.
The Federal Home Loan Bank System is a government-sponsored enterprise comprising 12 regionally-based Federal Home Loan Banks (FHLBank), the primary mission of which is to support housing finance and community and economic development. Each FHLBank makes loans (advances) to member financial institutions in its district, such as banks, which traditionally are secured by single-family mortgages. In...
Financial Assistance: Ongoing Challenges and Guiding Principles Related to Government Assistance For Private Sector Companies
GAO-10-719: Published: Aug 3, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2010.
The recent financial crisis resulted in a wide-ranging federal response that included providing extraordinary assistance to several major corporations. As a result of actions under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) and others, the government was a shareholder in the American International Group Inc. (AIG); Bank of America; Citigroup, Inc. (Citigroup); Chrysler Group LLC (Chrysler); General...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Continued Attention Needed to Ensure the Transparency and Accountability of Ongoing Programs
GAO-10-933T: Published: Jul 21, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2010.
This testimony discusses our work on the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), which Congress established on October 3, 2008 in response to the financial crisis that threatened the stability of the U.S. financial system and the solvency of many financial institutions. Under the original TARP legislation, the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) had the authority to purchase or insure $700 billion...
Bank Secrecy Act: FinCEN Needs to Further Develop Its Form Revision Process for Suspicious Activity Reports
GAO-10-609T: Published: Apr 28, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2010.
To assist law enforcement agencies in their efforts to combat money laundering, terrorist financing, and other financial crimes, the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) requires financial institutions to file suspicious activity reports (SAR) to inform the federal government of transactions related to possible violations of law or regulation. Depository institutions have been concerned about the resources requ...
Federal Deposit Insurance Act: Regulators' Use of Systemic Risk Exception Raises Moral Hazard Concerns and Opportunities Exist to Clarify the Provision
GAO-10-100: Published: Apr 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2010.
In 2008 and 2009, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) provided emergency assistance that required the Secretary of the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) to make a determination of systemic risk under the systemic risk exception of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act). The FDI Act requires GAO to review each determination made. For the three determinations made to date, this...
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: Analysis of Options for Revising the Housing Enterprises' Long-term Structures
GAO-10-144T: Published: Oct 8, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2009.
This testimony discusses the results of our recently issued report on options for restructuring two government-sponsored enterprises (GSE): Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (enterprises). On September 6, 2008, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) placed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in conservatorship out of concern that their deteriorating financial condition and potential default on $5.4 trillion in...