Banking regulation (61 - 70 of 84 items)
Bank Powers: Activities of Securities Subsidiaries of Bank Holding Companies
GGD-90-48: Published: Mar 14, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed so-called section 20 securities subsidiaries of bank holding companies.GAO found that: (1) in the third quarter of 1989, 13 section 20 firms underwrote about $69 billion in bank-ineligible securities, a 90-percent increase over the second quarter; (2) in the second quarter of 1989, section 20 firms accounted for about 7 percent of all revenue reali...
Activities of Securities Subsidiaries of Bank Holding Companies
T-GGD-90-21: Published: Mar 19, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1990.
GAO discussed the Federal Reserve System's authorization of 21 bank holding companies and 5 foreign banks to expand their securities activities by establishing non-bank subsidiaries. GAO noted that the Federal Reserve needed to consider: (1) a controlled, phased approach to expanding securities activities to ensure sufficient regulation and oversight; (2) whether transferring securities activities...
Thrift Industry: The Role of Federal Home Loan Bank Advances
GGD-89-123: Published: Sep 21, 1989. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed certain aspects of the Federal Home Loan Banks' Advances Program, under which the 12 district banks made collateralized loans to member thrift institutions.GAO found that: (1) the asset portfolios of thrifts that heavily relied on advances were not very different from the asset portfolios of thrifts that only lightly depended on advances or did not...
Financial Condition of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation's Bank Insurance Fund
T-AFMD-89-15: Published: Sep 19, 1989. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 1989.
GAO discussed the financial condition of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation's (FDIC) Bank Insurance Fund. GAO noted that: (1) FDIC spent $7.3 billion during 1988 to assist record numbers of insolvent or barely solvent banks; (2) the fund incurred its first net loss, totalling $4.2 billion, in 1988, and also reduced its ratio of fund balance to insured deposits to 0.83, the lowest level ever...
Troubled Thrifts: Use of Supervisory Enforcement Actions
GGD-89-105BR: Published: Jul 19, 1989. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Federal Home Loan Bank Board's (FHLBB) supervisory enforcement actions to prevent or correct targeted violations or unsafe or unsound practices.GAO found that FHLBB enforcement actions at 47 near-failing thrifts between January 1986 and December 1988 were not always effective in preventing or correcting violations or unsafe or un...
Thrift Failures: Costly Failures Resulted From Regulatory Violations and Unsafe Practices
AFMD-89-62: Published: Jun 16, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 1989.
GAO reviewed the Federal Savings and Loan Corporation's (FSLIC) activities to: (1) identify the common characteristics of the most costly failed thrifts, focusing on violations of federal laws or regulations, related unsafe practices, and fraud and insider abuse; (2) compare and contrast the characteristics with solvent thrifts; and (3) identify the impact of deregulation, regional or local econom...
Bank Failures: Independent Audits Needed to Strengthen Internal Control and Bank Management
AFMD-89-25: Published: May 31, 1989. Publicly Released: May 31, 1989.
GAO reviewed recent bank failures, focusing on: (1) the internal weaknesses and environmental factors which examiners cited for insured banks that failed in 1987; (2) the extent to which insider abuse and fraud affected the same failed banks; and (3) potential areas of concern which could be used for congressional oversight and policy deliberation, federal bank examination and supervision, bank ma...
Troubled Thrifts: Bank Board Use of Enforcement Actions
GGD-89-68BR: Published: Apr 13, 1989. Publicly Released: May 5, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided preliminary information from its assessment of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board's (FHLBB) enforcement actions against near-failing thrift institutions.GAO found that: (1) FHLBB took no formal enforcement action against over 50 percent of the 424 thrift institutions upon which it focused increased oversight; (2) FHLBB placed thrift institutions i...
Failed Thrifts: Internal Control Weaknesses Create an Environment Conducive to Fraud, Insider Abuse, and Related Unsafe Practices
T-AFMD-89-4: Published: Mar 22, 1989. Publicly Released: Mar 22, 1989.
GAO discussed thrift management practices which primarily caused thrift insolvency and failure. GAO noted that: (1) the Federal Home Loan Bank Board (FHLBB) cited criminal activity, fraud, and insider abuse as the primary causes of thrift insolvency; (2) examination of 26 failed thrifts showed that 85 referrals for alleged criminal activity were made regarding 19 thrifts; (3) investigations led to...
Failed Thrifts: GAO's Analysis of Bank Board 1988 Deals
T-GGD-89-11: Published: Mar 14, 1989. Publicly Released: Mar 14, 1989.
GAO discussed Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC)-assisted sales of failed thrifts. GAO found that: (1) the costs of the sales will exceed FSLIC estimates if guaranteed assets do not have the projected values or if interest rates increase; (2) tax laws granted tax benefits to insolvent thrift acquirers and allowed deduction of presale net operating losses from their future incom...