Financial instruments (1 - 10 of 13 items) in Past Year
Dodd-Frank Regulations: Agencies' Efforts to Analyze and Coordinate Their Recent Final Rules
GAO-17-188: Published: Dec 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 29, 2016.
Federal financial regulators reported conducting the required regulatory analyses for rules issued pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) as part of the rulemaking process. For example, of the 30 rules GAO reviewed, which became effective between July 2015 and July 2016, the regulators analyzed the paperwork burden imposed for 12 rules for which...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Actions Needed to Address Limited Progress in Resolving Long-Standing Personnel Management Challenges
GAO-17-65: Published: Dec 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 29, 2016.
Employee views on the Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) organizational culture have generally improved since 2013. Employees GAO surveyed cited improved levels of morale and trust within the agency compared to 2013 and noted that SEC was less hierarchical and risk-averse. However, GAO's survey indicated that SEC still operates in a compartmentalized way and that there is little communicat...
Securities and Exchange Commission: SEC Personnel Survey Results (GAO-17-95SP, December 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-17-65
GAO-17-95SP: Published: Dec 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 29, 2016.
This is an e-supplement companion to GAO-17-65. This e-supplement presents the results from three GAO web-based surveys of Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) employees. The purpose of these surveys was to obtain employees' views about SEC's organizational culture and about various aspects of working at SEC, including questions on (1) personnel management issues related to recruitment, traini...
Mortgage-Related Assets: Capital Requirements Vary Depending on Type of Asset
GAO-17-93: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Rules for capital adequacy require banks to hold a percentage of their assets as capital to act as a financial cushion to absorb unexpected losses. Under current rules, banks must hold capital equal to at least 8 percent of risk-weighted assets. Since the early 1990s, U.S. federal banking regulators have used a risk-weighting system under which banks multiply asset amounts by factors, known as ris...
Federal Housing Finance Agency: Objectives Needed for the Future of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac After Conservatorships
GAO-17-92: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) issued a new strategic plan for the conservatorships of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the enterprises) in 2014 with reformulated goals and supporting actions that reflect a shift in priorities and changing market conditions. While the three goals in the 2014 strategic plan are broadly similar to those in the previous plan issued in 2012, FHFA changed the wei...
Corporate Shareholder Meetings: Proxy Advisory Firms' Role in Voting and Corporate Governance Practices
GAO-17-47: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
Institutional investors, such as pension plans and mutual funds, hire proxy advisory firms to obtain research and vote recommendations on issues, such as executive compensation and proposed mergers that are addressed at shareholder meetings of public corporations (corporate issuers). Market participants and other stakeholders with whom GAO spoke agreed that with the increased demand for their serv...
Financial Audit: Securities and Exchange Commission's Fiscal Years 2016 and 2015 Financial Statements
GAO-17-158R: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
GAO found (1) the United States Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) and its Investor Protection Fund’s (IPF) financial statements as of and for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2016, and 2015, are presented fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; (2) SEC maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over...
Financial Institutions: Penalty and Settlement Payments for Mortgage-Related Violations in Selected Cases
GAO-17-11R: Published: Nov 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2016.
GAO reviewed nine selected cases involving alleged mortgage-related violations—violations related to mortgage origination, mortgage servicing, and the packaging or sale of residential mortgage-backed securities—finalized from February 2012 through April 2016. GAO found that the eight federal agencies that played key roles in these cases—the Department of Justice, Department of Housing and Ur...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: New Effort to Wind Down the Community Development Capital Initiative
GAO-17-96: Published: Nov 4, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2016.
As of September 30, 2016, the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) had approximately $420 million, or 75 percent, of the original Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI) investment of $570 million, outstanding. Of the original 84 participating institutions, 55 remained. Treasury has received about $144 million in principal repayments and about $61 million in dividend and interest payments...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Management Has Enhanced Supervisory Controls and Could Further Improve Efficiency
GAO-17-16: Published: Oct 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2016.
As of the end of fiscal year 2015, the internal supervisory control framework of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) reflected key components of federal internal control, including identifying and assessing risks; designing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating controls; and reporting the results. Internal supervisory controls are management processes to help ensure that procedures ap...