Lending institutions (11 - 20 of 132 items)
Bank Regulation: Lessons Learned and a Framework for Monitoring Emerging Risks and Regulatory Response
GAO-15-365: Published: Jun 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2015.
Past banking-related crises highlight a number of regulatory lessons learned. These include the importance ofEarly and forceful action. GAO's past work on failed banks found that regulators frequently identified weak management practices that involved the banks in higher-risk activities early on in each crisis, before banks began experiencing declines in capital. However, regulators were not alway...
Federal Home Loan Banks: Information on Governance Changes, Board Diversity, and Community Lending
GAO-15-435: Published: May 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 2015.
The Housing and Economic Recovery Act (HERA) of 2008 changed several aspects of the Federal Home Loan Bank System's (FHLBank System) governance. Among other things, HERA required that independent directors on the FHLBank boards be elected by member institutions (for example, commercial banks, thrifts, credit unions, and insurance companies) rather than appointed by the regulator. HERA also added c...
Federal Home Loan Banks: Collateral Requirements Discourage Some Community Development Financial Institutions from Seeking Membership
GAO-15-352: Published: Apr 23, 2015. Publicly Released: May 22, 2015.
Collateral requirements rather than membership requirements discouraged some nondepository community development financial institutions (CDFI)—loan or venture capital funds—from seeking membership in the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLBank) System. CDFIs are financial institutions that provide credit and financial services to underserved communities. Less than 6 percent of nondepository CDFIs (30...
Community Development Capital Initiative: Status of the Program Investments and Participants
GAO-15-542: Published: May 5, 2015. Publicly Released: May 5, 2015.
As of March 31, 2015, 64 of the 84 participating banks and credit unions remained in the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI), and 80 percent of the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) $570 million total investment remained outstanding. Treasury's most recent estimated lifetime cost of the program—the present value of all program outflows and inflows—was $100 million, an amount...
Financial Company Bankruptcies: Information on Legislative Proposals and International Coordination
GAO-15-299: Published: Mar 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2015.
The U.S. Bankruptcy Code (Code) chapters dealing with the liquidation or reorganization of a financial company have not been changed since GAO last reported on financial company bankruptcies in July 2013. However, bills introduced in the previous Congress would, if re-introduced and passed, make broad changes to the Code relevant to financial company bankruptcies. The Financial Institution Bankrup...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Winding Down the Capital Purchase Program
GAO-15-367R: Published: Mar 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
The Department of the Treasury (Treasury) continues to make progress in winding down the Capital Purchase Program (CPP), and returns have surpassed original CPP investments. As of December 31, 2014, Treasury had received $226.4 billion in repayments, sales, dividends, and interest from its CPP investments, exceeding the amount originally disbursed by $21.5 billion. After accounting for write-offs...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Treasury Continues to Wind down Most Programs, but Housing Programs Remain Active
GAO-15-197: Published: Jan 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2015.
The Department of the Treasury (Treasury) continues to wind down Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) nonhousing programs that were designed to support financial and automotive markets (see figure). As of September 30, 2014, Treasury had exited four of the nine nonhousing programs that were once active, and was managing assets totaling $2.9 billion under those remaining. Some programs have yielded...
Housing Finance System: A Framework for Assessing Potential Changes
GAO-15-131: Published: Oct 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2014.
Developments in the single-family housing finance market from 2000-2013 led to changes in the federal government's role in the housing finance system and ultimately to a significant increase in that role. For example,Before the 2007-2009 financial crisis, the market share of nonprime mortgages—loans often made to borrowers with high-risk characteristics and funded by mortgage backed securities (...
Large Bank Holding Companies: Expectations of Government Support
GAO-14-621: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2014.
While views varied among market participants with whom GAO spoke, many believed that recent regulatory reforms have reduced but not eliminated the likelihood the federal government would prevent the failure of one of the largest bank holding companies. Recent reforms provide regulators with new authority to resolve a large failing bank holding company in an orderly process and require the largest...
Consumer Finance: Credit Cards Designed for Medical Services Not Covered by Insurance
GAO-14-570: Published: Jun 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2014.
Multiple entities offer medical credit cards, but according to market participants with whom GAO spoke, CareCredit LLC issues the majority of medical credit cards. In 2013, the company reported 4.4 million cardholders and 177,000 participating providers in its network, the majority of which were dental offices. Several other financial institutions also issue medical credit cards, usually offering...