Financial institutions (11 - 20 of 460 items)
Financial Institutions: Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures for Violations of Financial Crimes and Sanctions Requirements
GAO-16-297: Published: Mar 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2016.
Since 2009, financial institutions have been assessed about $12 billion in fines, penalties, and forfeitures for violations of Bank Secrecy Act/anti-money- laundering regulations (BSA/AML), Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (FCPA), and U.S. sanctions programs requirements by the federal government. Specifically, GAO found that from January 2009 to December 2015, federal agencies assessed about...
Nonbank Mortgage Servicers: Existing Regulatory Oversight Could Be Strengthened [Reissued on April 14, 2016]
GAO-16-278: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The share of home mortgages serviced by nonbanks increased from approximately 6.8 percent in 2012 to approximately 24.2 percent in 2015 (as measured by unpaid principal balance). However, banks continued to service the remainder (about 75.8 percent). Some market participants GAO interviewed said nonbank servicers' growth increased the capacity for servicing delinquent loans, but they also noted ch...
Resolution Plans: Regulators Have Refined Their Review Processes but Could Improve Transparency and Timeliness
GAO-16-341: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) have developed separate but similar review processes for determining whether a resolution plan is “not credible” or would not facilitate a company's orderly resolution under the Bankruptcy Code (the Code). Both regulators have processes for staffing review teams, determining whether a plan includes al...
Financial Regulation: Complex and Fragmented Structure Could Be Streamlined to Improve Effectiveness
GAO-16-175: Published: Feb 25, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2016.
The U.S. financial regulatory structure is complex, with responsibilities fragmented among multiple agencies that have overlapping authorities. As a result, financial entities may fall under the regulatory authority of multiple regulators depending on the types of activities in which they engage (see figure on next page). While the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Fr...
International Remittances: Money Laundering Risks and Views on Enhanced Customer Verification and Recordkeeping Requirements
GAO-16-65: Published: Jan 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2016.
Financial institutions, such as money transmitters and depository institutions that provide remittance transfers—funds sent from individuals in one country to a recipient in another country—are subject to anti-money laundering (AML) requirements under the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA). For example, these remittance providers must report suspicious and other transactions, and obtain and record informa...
Dodd-Frank Regulations: Impacts on Community Banks, Credit Unions and Systemically Important Institutions
GAO-16-169: Published: Dec 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 2015.
Federal financial agencies conducted required regulatory analyses for rules issued pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) and also reported required coordination. These agencies also addressed key elements of Office of Management and Budget guidance for conducting cost-benefit analyses for rules considered major—rules likely to result in an ann...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Status of Remaining Investment Programs
GAO-16-91R: Published: Nov 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
As of August 31, 2015, two Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) investment programs—the Capital Purchase Program (CPP) and the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI)—were winding down. (GAO defines “winding down” as programs closed to additional participants but have participants that had not exited the program.) Combined, the total investment for these programs was almost $206 bi...
Lender-Placed Insurance: More Robust Data Could Improve Oversight
GAO-15-631: Published: Sep 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2015.
Mortgage servicers purchase lender-placed insurance (LPI) for mortgages whose borrower-purchased insurance coverage lapses, most often because of nonpayment by the borrower or cancellation or nonrenewal by the original insurer. The limited information available indicates that LPI generally affects 1 percent to 2 percent of all mortgaged properties annually and has become less prevalent since the 2...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Status of GAO Recommendations
GAO-15-813: Published: Sep 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 4, 2015.
As of August 2015, GAO's performance audits of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) activities have resulted in 72 recommendations to the Department of the Treasury (Treasury). Treasury has implemented 59 of the 72 recommendations (about 82 percent), some of which were aimed at improving transparency and internal controls of TARP. The status of the remaining recommendations is as follows:Treas...
Credit Rating Analysts: Views Varied on Merits of a Professional Organization, but Creating One Now Viewed as Premature
GAO-15-591: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2015.
Views varied on the merits of a professional organization for credit rating analysts of nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (NRSRO), but some concluded it was too early to tell if one was needed, in part because of new Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requirements on NRSROs to establish standards for their analysts. The analysts, representatives of NRSROs and existing pr...