Financial crisis (1 - 10 of 23 items)
Revenue Collections and Payments: Treasury Has Used Financial Agents in Evolving Ways but Could Improve Transparency
GAO-17-176: Published: Jan 25, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2017.
The Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) use of financial agents has evolved as it has moved from paper to electronic transactions in response to changes in technology and new laws. Treasury has a long history of using financial agents to support its core functions of disbursing payments and collecting revenue. Since the 1980s, Treasury has used agents to move from paper to electronic transacti...
Federal Reserve: Additional Actions Could Help Ensure the Achievement of Stress Test Goals
GAO-17-48: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) has two related supervisory programs that involve stress testing but serve different purposes. Stress tests are hypothetical exercises that assess the potential impact of economic, financial, or other scenarios on the financial performance of a company. Stress tests of banking institutions typically evaluate if the institutions...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Management Has Enhanced Supervisory Controls and Could Further Improve Efficiency
GAO-17-16: Published: Oct 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2016.
As of the end of fiscal year 2015, the internal supervisory control framework of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) reflected key components of federal internal control, including identifying and assessing risks; designing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating controls; and reporting the results. Internal supervisory controls are management processes to help ensure that procedures ap...
Lender-Placed Insurance: More Robust Data Could Improve Oversight
GAO-15-631: Published: Sep 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2015.
Mortgage servicers purchase lender-placed insurance (LPI) for mortgages whose borrower-purchased insurance coverage lapses, most often because of nonpayment by the borrower or cancellation or nonrenewal by the original insurer. The limited information available indicates that LPI generally affects 1 percent to 2 percent of all mortgaged properties annually and has become less prevalent since the 2...
Credit Rating Analysts: Views Varied on Merits of a Professional Organization, but Creating One Now Viewed as Premature
GAO-15-591: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2015.
Views varied on the merits of a professional organization for credit rating analysts of nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (NRSRO), but some concluded it was too early to tell if one was needed, in part because of new Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requirements on NRSROs to establish standards for their analysts. The analysts, representatives of NRSROs and existing pr...
Bank Regulation: Lessons Learned and a Framework for Monitoring Emerging Risks and Regulatory Response
GAO-15-365: Published: Jun 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2015.
Past banking-related crises highlight a number of regulatory lessons learned. These include the importance ofEarly and forceful action. GAO's past work on failed banks found that regulators frequently identified weak management practices that involved the banks in higher-risk activities early on in each crisis, before banks began experiencing declines in capital. However, regulators were not alway...
Community Development Capital Initiative: Status of the Program Investments and Participants
GAO-15-542: Published: May 5, 2015. Publicly Released: May 5, 2015.
As of March 31, 2015, 64 of the 84 participating banks and credit unions remained in the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI), and 80 percent of the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) $570 million total investment remained outstanding. Treasury's most recent estimated lifetime cost of the program—the present value of all program outflows and inflows—was $100 million, an amount...
Export-Import Bank: Status of Actions to Address GAO Recommendations since the Bank's 2012 Reauthorization
GAO-15-557T: Published: Apr 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2015.
In six reports on the U.S. Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) issued since March 2013, GAO presented findings and made 16 recommendations to improve Ex-Im's operations, summarized in this testimony in three broad areas: (1) risk management, (2) underwriting and fraud prevention, and (3) forecasting its exposure and reporting on its estimates of its impact on U.S. jobs.Six of GAO's recommendations focus on...
Bank Capital Reforms: Initial Effects of Basel III on Capital, Credit, and International Competitiveness
GAO-15-67: Published: Nov 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2014.
Although the U.S. Basel III capital requirements may increase compliance costs, they likely will have a modest impact on lending activity as most banks may not need to raise additional capital to meet the minimum requirements. GAO's analyses of financial data for the first quarter of 2014 indicate the vast majority of bank holding companies and banks currently meet the new minimum capital ratios a...
Housing Finance System: A Framework for Assessing Potential Changes
GAO-15-131: Published: Oct 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2014.
Developments in the single-family housing finance market from 2000-2013 led to changes in the federal government's role in the housing finance system and ultimately to a significant increase in that role. For example,Before the 2007-2009 financial crisis, the market share of nonprime mortgages—loans often made to borrowers with high-risk characteristics and funded by mortgage backed securities (...