Lending institutions (61 - 70 of 143 items)
Industrial Loan Corporations: Recent Asset Growth and Commercial Interest Highlight Differences in Regulatory Authority
GAO-06-961T: Published: Jul 12, 2006. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2006.
Since their origin in the early 1900s, industrial loan corporations (ILCs) have grown significantly in size, and some have expressed concern that ILCs may have expanded beyond the original scope and purpose intended by Congress. Others have questioned whether the current regulatory structure for overseeing ILCs is adequate. This testimony is based on our September 2005 report that, among other thi...
OCC Preemption Rules: OCC Should Further Clarify the Applicability of State Consumer Protection Laws to National Banks
GAO-06-387: Published: Apr 28, 2006. Publicly Released: May 30, 2006.
In January 2004, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)--the federal supervisor of federally chartered or "national" banks--issued two final rules referred to jointly as the preemption rules. The "bank activities" rule addressed the applicability of state laws to national banking activities, while the "visitorial powers" rule set forth OCC's view of its authority to inspect, examine,...
Credit Unions: Financial Condition Has Improved, but Opportunities Exist to Enhance Oversight and Share Insurance Management
GAO-04-91: Published: Oct 27, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2003.
Recent legislative and regulatory changes have blurred some distinctions between credit unions and other depository institutions such as banks. The 1998 Credit Union Membership Access Act (CUMAA) allowed for an expansion of membership and mandated safety and soundness controls similar to those of other depository institutions. In light of these changes and the evolution of the credit union industr...
Financial Regulation: Review of Selected Operations of the Federal Housing Finance Board
GAO-03-364: Published: Feb 28, 2003. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2003.
The Federal Home Loan Bank System (System) faces additional risks due to the development of new products such as direct mortgage purchase programs. Responding to concern about the methods used for administrative decisionmaking, and the ability of the Federal Housing Finance Board (FHFB) to fulfill its critical mission to regulate the safety and soundness of the System, GAO was asked to (1) compare...
Banking Taxation: Implications of Proposed Revisions Governing S-Corporations on Community Banks
GGD-00-159: Published: Jun 23, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2000.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO: (1) analyzed possible revisions to the tax rules governing S-corporations; and (2) determined the potential impact such revisions might have, primarily on community banks.GAO noted that: (1) GAO studied five possible revisions to the tax rules governing S-corporations; (2) the proposed provisions were written to address perceived obstacles to becoming S-...
Risk-Focused Bank Examinations: Regulators of Large Banking Organizations Face Challenges
GGD-00-48: Published: Jan 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the risk-focused approaches used by the Federal Reserve and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), focusing on: (1) the general characteristics of the regulators' risk-focused approach to examinations of large, complex banks, explaining how they differ from past examination practices; (2) comparing the implementation of the...
Private Banking: Raul Salinas, Citibank, and Alleged Money Laundering
T-OSI-00-3: Published: Nov 9, 1999. Publicly Released: Nov 9, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its 1998 investigation of alleged illegalities involving Raul Salinas de Gotari, brother of the former President of Mexico, Carlos Salinas de Gotari, and a U.S. bank, Citibank.GAO noted that: (1) Mr. Salinas was able to transfer $90 million to $100 million between 1992 and 1994 by using a private banking relationship formed by Citibank New York in...
Large Bank Mergers: Fair Lending Review Could be Enhanced With Better Coordination
GGD-00-16: Published: Nov 3, 1999. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed large bank holding company mergers and regulatory enforcement of the Fair Housing Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, focusing on the: (1) fair lending issues raid by consumer and community groups during the application process for six large bank holding company mergers; and (2) Federal Reserve Board's (FRB) consideration of those issues.GAO...
Capital Structure of the Federal Home Loan Bank System
GGD-99-177R: Published: Aug 31, 1999. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the capital structure of the Federal Home Loan Bank System.GAO noted that: (1) GAO has consistently supported the establishment of risk-based capital standards applied in combination with a leverage ratio that requires a minimum capital-to-asset ratio for the System; (2) a risk-based capital standard offers a number of benefits that...
Federal Reserve Board: Merger Process Needs Guidelines for Community Reinvestment Issues
GGD-99-180: Published: Sep 24, 1999. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed large bank holding company mergers and the impact of such mergers on low- and moderate-income (LMI) areas, focusing on: (1) the Federal Reserve Board's (FRB) legal responsibilities in assessing Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (BHC) mergers for Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (CRA) performance; (2) FRB's process for assessing the CRA performance...