Internal controls (21 - 30 of 89 items)
Securities and Exchange Commission: Opportunities Exist to Improve Oversight of Self-Regulatory Organizations
GAO-08-33: Published: Nov 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2007.
Self-regulatory organizations (SRO) are exchanges and associations that operate and govern the markets, and that are subject to oversight by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Among other things, SROs monitor the markets, investigate and discipline members involved in improper trading, and make referrals to SEC regarding suspicious trades by nonmembers. For industry self-regulation to f...
Financial Regulation: Industry Trends Continue to Challenge the Federal Regulatory Structure
GAO-08-32: Published: Oct 12, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2007.
As the financial services industry has become increasingly concentrated in a number of large, internationally active firms offering an array of products and services, the adequacy of the U.S. financial regulatory system has been questioned. GAO has identified the need to modernize the financial regulatory system as a challenge to be addressed in the 21st century. This report, mandated by the Finan...
Risk-Based Capital: Bank Regulators Need to Improve Transparency and Overcome Impediments to Finalizing the Proposed Basel II Framework
GAO-07-253: Published: Feb 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2007.
Concerned about the potential impacts of the proposed risk-based capital rules, known as Basel II, Congress mandated that GAO study U.S. implementation efforts. This report examines (1) the transition to Basel II and the proposed changes in the United States, (2) the potential impact on the banking system and regulatory required capital, and (3) how banks and regulators are preparing for Basel II...
Bank Secrecy Act: FinCEN and IRS Need to Improve and Better Coordinate Compliance and Data Management Efforts
GAO-07-212: Published: Dec 15, 2006. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2006.
In 2005, over 16 million Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) reports were filed by more than 200,000 U.S. financial institutions. Enacted in 1970, BSA is the centerpiece of the nation's efforts to detect and deter criminal financial activities. Treasury's Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) play key roles in BSA compliance, enforcement, and data management. GAO...
Credit Unions: Greater Transparency Needed on Who Credit Unions Serve and on Senior Executive Compensation Arrangements
GAO-07-29: Published: Nov 30, 2006. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2006.
Legislative and regulatory changes have blurred distinctions between credit unions and other depository institutions and raised questions about the tax-exempt status of credit unions. This report (1) assesses the effect of the Credit Union Membership Access Act on credit union membership and charters, (2) reviews the National Credit Union Administration's (NCUA) efforts to expand services to low-...
Bank Secrecy Act: Opportunities Exist for FinCEN and the Banking Regulators to Further Strengthen the Framework for Consistent BSA Oversight
GAO-06-386: Published: Apr 28, 2006. Publicly Released: May 30, 2006.
The U.S. government's framework for preventing, detecting, and prosecuting money laundering has been expanding through additional pieces of legislation since the passage of the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) in 1970. In recent years, noncompliance with BSA requirements has raised concerns in Congress about the ability of federal banking regulators to oversee compliance at depository institutions and ensur...
Financial Institutions: Issues Regarding the Tax-Exempt Status of Credit Unions
GAO-06-220T: Published: Nov 3, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2005.
Unlike other depository institutions, credit unions are exempt from federal corporate income taxes. Recent legislative and regulatory changes to credit union membership restrictions and allowable products and services have blurred some of the historical distinctions between credit unions and other depository institutions. As a result, some observers have raised questions about whether tax exemptio...
Suspicious Banking Activities: Possible Money Laundering by U.S. Corporations Formed for Russian Entities
GAO-01-120: Published: Oct 31, 2000. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 2000.
This report discusses possible money laundering by U.S. corporations formed by Russian entities. It is easy for foreign entities to hide their identities while forming shell corporations that can be used for money laundering. GAO investigated the following two Delaware corporations that are suspected of money laundering: Euro-American Corporate Services, Inc. and International Business Creations....
Bank Regulators' Evaluation of Electronic Signature Systems
GAO-01-129R: Published: Nov 8, 2000. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 2000.
This report discusses bank regulators' evaluation of electronic signature systems. Financial institutions use signature systems to verify or authenticate the identity of customers conducting financial and nonfinancial transactions over the Internet and other open electronic networks. Officials at the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) and the Federal Reserve told GAO that they are dev...
Risk-Focused Bank Examinations: Regulators of Large Banking Organizations Face Challenges
GGD-00-48: Published: Jan 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the risk-focused approaches used by the Federal Reserve and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), focusing on: (1) the general characteristics of the regulators' risk-focused approach to examinations of large, complex banks, explaining how they differ from past examination practices; (2) comparing the implementation of the...