Banking law (1 - 10 of 98 items)
Bank Regulation: Lessons Learned and a Framework for Monitoring Emerging Risks and Regulatory Response
GAO-15-365: Published: Jun 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2015.
Past banking-related crises highlight a number of regulatory lessons learned. These include the importance ofEarly and forceful action. GAO's past work on failed banks found that regulators frequently identified weak management practices that involved the banks in higher-risk activities early on in each crisis, before banks began experiencing declines in capital. However, regulators were not alway...
Community Development Capital Initiative: Status of the Program Investments and Participants
GAO-15-542: Published: May 5, 2015. Publicly Released: May 5, 2015.
As of March 31, 2015, 64 of the 84 participating banks and credit unions remained in the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI), and 80 percent of the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) $570 million total investment remained outstanding. Treasury's most recent estimated lifetime cost of the program—the present value of all program outflows and inflows—was $100 million, an amount...
Government Support for Bank Holding Companies: Statutory Changes to Limit Future Support Are Not Yet Fully Implemented
GAO-14-174T: Published: Jan 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2014.
GAO found that from 2007 through 2009, the federal government's actions to stabilize the financial system provided significant funding support and other benefits to bank holding companies and their subsidiaries. The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve Board), the Department of the Treasury (Treasury), and FDIC introduced new programs with broad-based eligibility that...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Treasury's Use of Auctions to Exit the Capital Purchase Program
GAO-13-630: Published: Jul 8, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2013.
The U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) has increasingly used auctions to sell its Capital Purchase Program (CPP) investments. Initially, Treasury relied primarily on financial institutions redeeming their shares to wind down the program. However, in March 2012 Treasury began using auctions to exit CPP, and more institutions have exited the program through auctions than through any other me...
Community Banks and Credit Unions: Impact of the Dodd-Frank Act Depends Largely on Future Rule Makings
GAO-12-881: Published: Sep 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
While the number of community banks and credit unions has declined in recent years, they have remained important lenders to small businesses and other local customers. From 1985 through 2010, the number of banks under $10 billion in assets and credit unions declined by over 50 percent to 7,551 and 7,339, respectively. The decline resulted largely from consolidations, which were facilitated by chan...
Proprietary Trading: Regulators Will Need More Comprehensive Information to Fully Monitor Compliance with New Restrictions When Implemented
GAO-11-529: Published: Jul 13, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2011.
In addition to trading on behalf of customers, banks and their affiliates have conducted proprietary trading, using their own funds to profit from short-term price changes in asset markets. To restrain risk-taking and reduce the potential for federal support for banking entities, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the act) prohibits banking entities from engaging in cer...
Bank Regulation: Modified Prompt Corrective Action Framework Would Improve Effectiveness
GAO-11-612: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
More than 300 insured depository institutions have failed since the current financial crisis began in 2007, at an estimated cost of almost $60 billion to the deposit insurance fund (DIF), which covers losses to insured depositors. Since 1991, Congress has required federal banking regulators to take prompt corrective action (PCA) to identify and promptly address capital deficiencies at institutions...
Mortgage Foreclosures: Documentation Problems Reveal Need for Ongoing Regulatory Oversight
GAO-11-649T: Published: May 12, 2011. Publicly Released: May 12, 2011.
This testimony discusses our work on mortgage servicing issues. With record numbers of borrowers in default and delinquent on their loans, mortgage servicers--entities that manage home mortgage loans--are initiating large numbers of foreclosures throughout the country. As of December 2010, an estimated 4.6 percent of the about 50 million first-lien mortgages outstanding were in foreclosure--an inc...
Bank Secrecy Act: FinCEN Needs to Further Develop Its Form Revision Process for Suspicious Activity Reports
GAO-10-609T: Published: Apr 28, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2010.
To assist law enforcement agencies in their efforts to combat money laundering, terrorist financing, and other financial crimes, the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) requires financial institutions to file suspicious activity reports (SAR) to inform the federal government of transactions related to possible violations of law or regulation. Depository institutions have been concerned about the resources requ...
Federal Deposit Insurance Act: Regulators' Use of Systemic Risk Exception Raises Moral Hazard Concerns and Opportunities Exist to Clarify the Provision
GAO-10-100: Published: Apr 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2010.
In 2008 and 2009, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) provided emergency assistance that required the Secretary of the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) to make a determination of systemic risk under the systemic risk exception of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act). The FDI Act requires GAO to review each determination made. For the three determinations made to date, this...