Banking regulation (1 - 10 of 338 items)
Dodd-Frank Regulations: Agencies' Efforts to Analyze and Coordinate Their Recent Final Rules
GAO-17-188: Published: Dec 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 29, 2016.
Federal financial regulators reported conducting the required regulatory analyses for rules issued pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) as part of the rulemaking process. For example, of the 30 rules GAO reviewed, which became effective between July 2015 and July 2016, the regulators analyzed the paperwork burden imposed for 12 rules for which...
Mortgage-Related Assets: Capital Requirements Vary Depending on Type of Asset
GAO-17-93: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Rules for capital adequacy require banks to hold a percentage of their assets as capital to act as a financial cushion to absorb unexpected losses. Under current rules, banks must hold capital equal to at least 8 percent of risk-weighted assets. Since the early 1990s, U.S. federal banking regulators have used a risk-weighting system under which banks multiply asset amounts by factors, known as ris...
Federal Reserve: Additional Actions Could Help Ensure the Achievement of Stress Test Goals
GAO-17-48: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) has two related supervisory programs that involve stress testing but serve different purposes. Stress tests are hypothetical exercises that assess the potential impact of economic, financial, or other scenarios on the financial performance of a company. Stress tests of banking institutions typically evaluate if the institutions...
Financial Institutions: Penalty and Settlement Payments for Mortgage-Related Violations in Selected Cases
GAO-17-11R: Published: Nov 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2016.
GAO reviewed nine selected cases involving alleged mortgage-related violations—violations related to mortgage origination, mortgage servicing, and the packaging or sale of residential mortgage-backed securities—finalized from February 2012 through April 2016. GAO found that the eight federal agencies that played key roles in these cases—the Department of Justice, Department of Housing and Ur...
Mortgage Servicing: Community Lenders Remain Active under New Rules, but CFPB Needs More Complete Plans for Reviewing Rules
GAO-16-448: Published: Jun 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2016.
Community banks and credit unions (community lenders) remained active in servicing mortgage loans under the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's (CFPB) new mortgage-servicing rules. Among other things, these rules are intended to provide more information to consumers about their loan obligations. The share of mortgages serviced by community lenders in 2015—about 13 percent—remained small com...
Resolution Plans: Regulators Have Refined Their Review Processes but Could Improve Transparency and Timeliness
GAO-16-341: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) have developed separate but similar review processes for determining whether a resolution plan is “not credible” or would not facilitate a company's orderly resolution under the Bankruptcy Code (the Code). Both regulators have processes for staffing review teams, determining whether a plan includes al...
International Remittances: Money Laundering Risks and Views on Enhanced Customer Verification and Recordkeeping Requirements
GAO-16-65: Published: Jan 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2016.
Financial institutions, such as money transmitters and depository institutions that provide remittance transfers—funds sent from individuals in one country to a recipient in another country—are subject to anti-money laundering (AML) requirements under the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA). For example, these remittance providers must report suspicious and other transactions, and obtain and record informa...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Status of GAO Recommendations
GAO-15-813: Published: Sep 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 4, 2015.
As of August 2015, GAO's performance audits of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) activities have resulted in 72 recommendations to the Department of the Treasury (Treasury). Treasury has implemented 59 of the 72 recommendations (about 82 percent), some of which were aimed at improving transparency and internal controls of TARP. The status of the remaining recommendations is as follows:Treas...
Bank Regulation: Lessons Learned and a Framework for Monitoring Emerging Risks and Regulatory Response
GAO-15-365: Published: Jun 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2015.
Past banking-related crises highlight a number of regulatory lessons learned. These include the importance ofEarly and forceful action. GAO's past work on failed banks found that regulators frequently identified weak management practices that involved the banks in higher-risk activities early on in each crisis, before banks began experiencing declines in capital. However, regulators were not alway...
Community Development Capital Initiative: Status of the Program Investments and Participants
GAO-15-542: Published: May 5, 2015. Publicly Released: May 5, 2015.
As of March 31, 2015, 64 of the 84 participating banks and credit unions remained in the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI), and 80 percent of the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) $570 million total investment remained outstanding. Treasury's most recent estimated lifetime cost of the program—the present value of all program outflows and inflows—was $100 million, an amount...