Regulatory agencies (1 - 10 of 63 items)
Bank Regulation: Modified Prompt Corrective Action Framework Would Improve Effectiveness
GAO-11-612: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
More than 300 insured depository institutions have failed since the current financial crisis began in 2007, at an estimated cost of almost $60 billion to the deposit insurance fund (DIF), which covers losses to insured depositors. Since 1991, Congress has required federal banking regulators to take prompt corrective action (PCA) to identify and promptly address capital deficiencies at institutions...
Financial Regulation: Recent Crisis Reaffirms the Need to Overhaul the U.S. Regulatory System
GAO-09-1049T: Published: Sep 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2009.
This testimony discusses issues relating to efforts to reform the regulatory structure of the financial system. In the midst of the worst economic crisis affecting financial markets globally in more than 75 years, federal officials have taken unprecedented steps to stem the unraveling of the financial services sector. While these actions aimed to provide relief in the short term, the severity of t...
Financial Regulation: Review of Regulators' Oversight of Risk Management Systems at a Limited Number of Large, Complex Financial Institutions
GAO-09-499T: Published: Mar 19, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2009.
Financial regulators have an important role in assessing risk management systems at financial institutions. Analyses have identified inadequate risk management at large, complex financial institutions as one of the causes of the current financial crisis. The failure of the institutions to appropriately identify, measure, and manage their risks has raised questions not only about corporate governan...
Bank Secrecy Act: Federal Agencies Should Take Action to Further Improve Coordination and Information-Sharing Efforts
GAO-09-227: Published: Feb 12, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2009.
The legislative framework for combating money laundering began with the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) in 1970 and most recently expanded in 2001with the USA PATRIOT Act. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) administers BSA and relies on multiple federal and state agencies to ensure financial institution compliance. GAO was asked to (1) describe how BSA compliance and enforcement responsibili...
Systemic Risk: Regulatory Oversight and Recent Initiatives to Address Risk Posed by Credit Default Swaps
GAO-09-397T: Published: Mar 5, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2009.
The U.S. financial system is more prone to systemic risk today because (1) the current U.S. financial regulatory system is not designed to adequately oversee today's large and interconnected financial institutions, (2) not all financial activities and institutions fall under the direct purview of financial regulators, and (3) market innovations have led to the creation of new and sometimes complex...
Minority Banks: Regulators' Assessments of the Effectiveness of Their Support Efforts Have Been Limited
GAO-08-233T: Published: Oct 30, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2007.
Minority banks can play an important role in serving the financial needs of historically underserved communities and growing populations of minorities. For this reason, the Financial Institutions, Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA) established goals that the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS) must work toward to preserve and...
Financial Regulation: Industry Trends Continue to Challenge the Federal Regulatory Structure
GAO-08-32: Published: Oct 12, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2007.
As the financial services industry has become increasingly concentrated in a number of large, internationally active firms offering an array of products and services, the adequacy of the U.S. financial regulatory system has been questioned. GAO has identified the need to modernize the financial regulatory system as a challenge to be addressed in the 21st century. This report, mandated by the Finan...
Financial Market Regulation: Agencies Engaged in Consolidated Supervision Can Strengthen Performance Measurement and Collaboration
GAO-07-154: Published: Mar 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2007.
As financial institutions increasingly operate globally and diversify their businesses, entities with an interest in financial stability cite the need for supervisors to oversee the safety and soundness of these institutions on a consolidated basis. Under the Comptroller General's Authority, GAO reviewed the consolidated supervision programs at the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve), Office...
Risk-Based Capital: Bank Regulators Need to Improve Transparency and Overcome Impediments to Finalizing the Proposed Basel II Framework
GAO-07-253: Published: Feb 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2007.
Concerned about the potential impacts of the proposed risk-based capital rules, known as Basel II, Congress mandated that GAO study U.S. implementation efforts. This report examines (1) the transition to Basel II and the proposed changes in the United States, (2) the potential impact on the banking system and regulatory required capital, and (3) how banks and regulators are preparing for Basel II...
Minority Banks: GAO Survey of Minority Banks, an E-supplement to GAO-07-6
GAO-07-7SP: Published: Oct 4, 2006. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 2006.
This document presents the results of GAO's 2006 survey of minority banks for all respondents. The purpose of the survey was to collect information primarily on four federal banking regulators'--Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Comptroller of the Currency, Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), and the Federal Reserve--efforts to support minority banks and related regulatory issues. Of t...