Banking regulation (1 - 10 of 155 items) in Custom Date Range
Mortgage-Related Assets: Capital Requirements Vary Depending on Type of Asset
GAO-17-93: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Rules for capital adequacy require banks to hold a percentage of their assets as capital to act as a financial cushion to absorb unexpected losses. Under current rules, banks must hold capital equal to at least 8 percent of risk-weighted assets. Since the early 1990s, U.S. federal banking regulators have used a risk-weighting system under which banks multiply asset amounts by factors, known as ris...
Resolution Plans: Regulators Have Refined Their Review Processes but Could Improve Transparency and Timeliness
GAO-16-341: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) have developed separate but similar review processes for determining whether a resolution plan is “not credible” or would not facilitate a company's orderly resolution under the Bankruptcy Code (the Code). Both regulators have processes for staffing review teams, determining whether a plan includes al...
Bank Regulation: Lessons Learned and a Framework for Monitoring Emerging Risks and Regulatory Response
GAO-15-365: Published: Jun 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2015.
Past banking-related crises highlight a number of regulatory lessons learned. These include the importance ofEarly and forceful action. GAO's past work on failed banks found that regulators frequently identified weak management practices that involved the banks in higher-risk activities early on in each crisis, before banks began experiencing declines in capital. However, regulators were not alway...
Bank Regulation: Modified Prompt Corrective Action Framework Would Improve Effectiveness
GAO-11-612: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
More than 300 insured depository institutions have failed since the current financial crisis began in 2007, at an estimated cost of almost $60 billion to the deposit insurance fund (DIF), which covers losses to insured depositors. Since 1991, Congress has required federal banking regulators to take prompt corrective action (PCA) to identify and promptly address capital deficiencies at institutions...
Banking Regulation: Enhanced Guidance on Commercial Real Estate Risks Needed
GAO-11-489: Published: May 19, 2011. Publicly Released: May 19, 2011.
Since the onset of the financial crisis in 2008, commercial real estate (CRE) loan delinquencies have more than doubled. The federal banking regulators have issued statements and guidance encouraging banks to continue lending to creditworthy borrowers and explaining how banks can work with troubled borrowers. However, some banks have stated that examiners' treatment of CRE loans has hampered their...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Opportunities Exist to Apply Lessons Learned from the Capital Purchase Program to Similarly Designed Programs and to Improve the Repayment Process
GAO-11-47: Published: Oct 4, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 2010.
Congress created the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) to restore liquidity and stability in the financial system. The Department of the Treasury (Treasury), among other actions, established the Capital Purchase Program (CPP) as its primary initiative to accomplish these goals by making capital investments in eligible financial institutions. This report examines (1) the characteristics of finan...
Federal Deposit Insurance Act: Regulators' Use of Systemic Risk Exception Raises Moral Hazard Concerns and Opportunities Exist to Clarify the Provision
GAO-10-100: Published: Apr 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2010.
In 2008 and 2009, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) provided emergency assistance that required the Secretary of the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) to make a determination of systemic risk under the systemic risk exception of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act). The FDI Act requires GAO to review each determination made. For the three determinations made to date, this...
Financial Regulation: Recent Crisis Reaffirms the Need to Overhaul the U.S. Regulatory System
GAO-09-1049T: Published: Sep 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2009.
This testimony discusses issues relating to efforts to reform the regulatory structure of the financial system. In the midst of the worst economic crisis affecting financial markets globally in more than 75 years, federal officials have taken unprecedented steps to stem the unraveling of the financial services sector. While these actions aimed to provide relief in the short term, the severity of t...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Capital Purchase Program Transactions for the Period October 28, 2008 through March 20, 2009 and Information on Financial Agency Agreements, Contracts, and Blanket Purchase Agreements Awarded as of March 13, 2009 (GAO-09-522SP, March 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-09-504
GAO-09-522SP: Published: Mar 31, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2009.
This is an E-Supplement to GAO-09-504. It presents a listing of capital purchases made in qualifying financial institutions (QFIs) by the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) Office of Financial Stability under the Capital Purchase Program (CPP). CPP is one of the programs Treasury created under its Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) authorities. CPP provides QFIs with additional capital thro...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: March 2009 Status of Efforts to Address Transparency and Accountability Issues
GAO-09-504: Published: Mar 31, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2009.
GAO's third report on the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) follows up on recommendations from the January 28, 2009, report (GAO-09-296). It also reviews (1) the nature and purpose of activities that had been initiated under TARP as of March 27, 2009; (2) the Department of Treasury's Office of Financial Stability's (OFS) hiring efforts, use of contractors, and progress in developing an internal...