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Financial Markets and Institutions (121 - 130 of 1,452 items)
Financial Crime: Foreclosure Rescue Schemes Have Become More Complex, and Efforts to Combat Them Continue
GAO-14-17: Published: Oct 29, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2013.
Foreclosure rescue schemes remain at historically high levels and have become more complex. The Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) Consumer Sentinel Network--an online database of consumer complaints received by FTC, law enforcement agencies, and other organizations--showed that complaints about these schemes rose from around 9,000 in 2009 to more than 18,000 each year in 2010, 2011, and 2012. In ad...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Status of Treasury's Investments in General Motors and Ally Financial
GAO-14-6: Published: Oct 29, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2013.
Since receiving federal assistance, General Motors Company (GM) has shown increasingly positive financial results. For each of the past 3 years, GM has reported profits, positive and growing operational cash flow, and a stable liquidity position. This improved financial performance has been reflected in GM's credit rating, as each of the three largest credit rating agencies has increased GM's long...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: GAO's Oversight of the Troubled Asset Relief Program Activities
GAO-13-840R: Published: Sep 6, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2013.
GAO's oversight has been comprehensive. To date, we have issued 65 products on the Troubled Asset Relief Programs (TARP) and activities and we have made 99 performance and financial statement audit recommendations. Our reviews have focused on several key areas, including the activities initiated under TARP and the challenges encountered in implementing them, Treasury's process for deciding how to...
Insurance Markets: Impacts of and Regulatory Response to the 2007-2009 Financial Crisis
GAO-13-583: Published: Jun 27, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2013.
The effects of the financial crisis on insurers and policyholders were generally limited, with a few exceptions. While some insurers experienced capital and liquidity pressures in 2008, their capital levels had recovered by the end of 2009. Net income also dropped but recovered somewhat in 2009. Effects on insurers' investments, underwriting performance, and premium revenues were also limited. How...
Financial Company Bankruptcies: Need to Further Consider Proposals' Impact on Systemic Risk
GAO-13-622: Published: Jul 18, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 2013.
Because the Bankruptcy Code (Code) does not specifically address issues of systemic risk, experts have proposed giving financial regulators a greater role in financial company bankruptcies. However, according to experts at a GAO roundtable, such proposals may have limited impact and raise certain implementation issues. For example, a proposal to require notification before bankruptcy depends on wh...
SEC Conflict Minerals Rule: Information on Responsible Sourcing and Companies Affected
GAO-13-689: Published: Jul 18, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 2013.
Stakeholder-developed initiatives may facilitate companies' compliance with the Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) final conflict minerals rule, but other factors may affect the rule's impact on reducing benefits to armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and neighboring countries. Agency and industry officials as well as representatives from international organizations...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Alternative Criteria for Qualifying As An Accredited Investor Should Be Considered
GAO-13-640: Published: Jul 18, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 2013.
Of the existing criteria in the Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) accredited investor standard, many market participants identified net worth as the most important criterion for balancing investor protection and capital formation. For example, two market participants said the net worth criterion, more so than income, likely indicates the investors' ability to accumulate wealth and their i...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Improving Personnel Management Is Critical for Agency's Effectiveness
GAO-13-621: Published: Jul 18, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 2013.
Based on analysis of views from Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) employees and previous studies from GAO, SEC, and third parties, GAO determined that SECs organizational culture is not constructive and could hinder its ability to effectively fulfill its mission. Organizations with constructive cultures are more effective and employees also exhibit a stronger commitment to mission foc...
Investment Advisers: Requirements and Costs Associated with the Custody Rule
GAO-13-569: Published: Jul 8, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2013.
Designed to safeguard client assets, the Securities and Exchange Commission's(SEC) rule governing advisers' custody of client assets (custody rule) imposes various requirements and, in turn, costs on investment advisers. To protect investors, the rule requires advisers that have custody to (1) use qualified custodians (e.g., banks or broker-dealers) to hold client assets and (2) have a reasonable...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Treasury's Use of Auctions to Exit the Capital Purchase Program
GAO-13-630: Published: Jul 8, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2013.
The U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) has increasingly used auctions to sell its Capital Purchase Program (CPP) investments. Initially, Treasury relied primarily on financial institutions redeeming their shares to wind down the program. However, in March 2012 Treasury began using auctions to exit CPP, and more institutions have exited the program through auctions than through any other me...