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Financial Markets and Institutions (61 - 70 of 1,454 items)
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Treasury Could More Consistently Analyze Potential Benefits and Costs of Housing Program Changes
GAO-15-670: Published: Jul 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2015.
Between February 2009 and May 2015, the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) disbursed approximately $16.3 billion of the $37.5 billion in Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funds allocated to support housing programs. The number of new borrowers with permanent modifications added to the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP), the key component of these programs, began to decline in l...
Cybersecurity: Bank and Other Depository Regulators Need Better Data Analytics and Depository Institutions Want More Usable Threat Information
GAO-15-509: Published: Jul 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 2, 2015.
Regulators use a risk-based examination approach to oversee the adequacy of information security at depository institutions—banks, thrifts, and credit unions—but could better target future examinations by analyzing deficiencies across institutions. For information technology (IT) examinations, regulators adjust the level of scrutiny at each institution depending on the information they review,...
Bank Regulation: Lessons Learned and a Framework for Monitoring Emerging Risks and Regulatory Response
GAO-15-365: Published: Jun 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2015.
Past banking-related crises highlight a number of regulatory lessons learned. These include the importance ofEarly and forceful action. GAO's past work on failed banks found that regulators frequently identified weak management practices that involved the banks in higher-risk activities early on in each crisis, before banks began experiencing declines in capital. However, regulators were not alway...
Federal Home Loan Banks: Information on Governance Changes, Board Diversity, and Community Lending
GAO-15-435: Published: May 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 2015.
The Housing and Economic Recovery Act (HERA) of 2008 changed several aspects of the Federal Home Loan Bank System's (FHLBank System) governance. Among other things, HERA required that independent directors on the FHLBank boards be elected by member institutions (for example, commercial banks, thrifts, credit unions, and insurance companies) rather than appointed by the regulator. HERA also added c...
Federal Home Loan Banks: Collateral Requirements Discourage Some Community Development Financial Institutions from Seeking Membership
GAO-15-352: Published: Apr 23, 2015. Publicly Released: May 22, 2015.
Collateral requirements rather than membership requirements discouraged some nondepository community development financial institutions (CDFI)—loan or venture capital funds—from seeking membership in the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLBank) System. CDFIs are financial institutions that provide credit and financial services to underserved communities. Less than 6 percent of nondepository CDFIs (30...
Community Development Capital Initiative: Status of the Program Investments and Participants
GAO-15-542: Published: May 5, 2015. Publicly Released: May 5, 2015.
As of March 31, 2015, 64 of the 84 participating banks and credit unions remained in the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI), and 80 percent of the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) $570 million total investment remained outstanding. Treasury's most recent estimated lifetime cost of the program—the present value of all program outflows and inflows—was $100 million, an amount...
Management Report: Improvements Needed in SEC's Internal Controls and Accounting Procedures
GAO-15-387R: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
During its audit of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) fiscal year 2014 financial statements, GAO identified continuing and new deficiencies in SEC’s financial reporting controls over its accounting for disgorgement and penalty transactions, which contributed to a significant deficiency in SEC’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2014. This signifi...
Securities Regulation: SEC Can Further Enhance Its Oversight Program of FINRA
GAO-15-376: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
Since GAO reported in May 2012, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has incorporated elements of a risk-management framework into its oversight program of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). For example, SEC has developed and implemented procedures for identifying and assessing FINRA program risks, which then inform its annual oversight plan and activities for FINRA. In 2...
Export-Import Bank: Status of Actions to Address GAO Recommendations since the Bank's 2012 Reauthorization
GAO-15-557T: Published: Apr 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2015.
In six reports on the U.S. Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) issued since March 2013, GAO presented findings and made 16 recommendations to improve Ex-Im's operations, summarized in this testimony in three broad areas: (1) risk management, (2) underwriting and fraud prevention, and (3) forecasting its exposure and reporting on its estimates of its impact on U.S. jobs.Six of GAO's recommendations focus on...
Information Security: FDIC Implemented Many Controls over Financial Systems, but Opportunities for Improvement Remain
GAO-15-426: Published: Apr 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 2015.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) has implemented numerous information security controls intended to protect its key financial systems; nevertheless, weaknesses remain that place the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of financial systems and information at risk. During 2014, the corporation implemented 27 of the 36 GAO recommendations pertaining to previously reported sec...