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Financial Markets and Institutions (31 - 40 of 1,449 items)
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Capital Purchase Program Largely Has Wound Down
GAO-16-524: Published: May 6, 2016. Publicly Released: May 6, 2016.
The Capital Purchase Program (CPP) largely has wound down and the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) returns on CPP investments surpassed the original amount disbursed. As of February 29, 2016, Treasury had received $226.7 billion in repayments and income from its CPP investments, exceeding the amount originally disbursed by almost $22 billion. As of the same date, 16 of the 707 institutions...
Rural Housing Service: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of the Single Family Mortgage Guarantee Program
GAO-16-193: Published: Mar 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 2, 2016.
The estimated credit subsidy costs (expected net lifetime costs) of single-family mortgages guaranteed by the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Rural Housing Service (RHS) substantially increased in recent years, partly due to high losses from the 2007 through 2011 housing crisis. For example, the fiscal year 2013 and 2014 reestimates (which federal agencies must do annually) indicated higher exp...
Information Security: Opportunities Exist for SEC to Improve Its Controls over Financial Systems and Data
GAO-16-493: Published: Apr 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2016.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) improved its information security by addressing weaknesses previously identified by GAO, including separating the user production network from the internal management network. However, weaknesses continue to limit the effectiveness of other security controls. In particular:While SEC had issued policies and implemented controls based on those policies, i...
Financial Institutions: Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures for Violations of Financial Crimes and Sanctions Requirements
GAO-16-297: Published: Mar 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2016.
Since 2009, financial institutions have been assessed about $12 billion in fines, penalties, and forfeitures for violations of Bank Secrecy Act/anti-money- laundering regulations (BSA/AML), Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (FCPA), and U.S. sanctions programs requirements by the federal government. Specifically, GAO found that from January 2009 to December 2015, federal agencies assessed about...
Federal Real Property: Commodity Futures Trading Commission Needs Better Leasing Guidance to Improve Cost-effectiveness
GAO-16-434: Published: Apr 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2016.
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) did not make cost-effective decisions consistent with leading government guidance for lease procurement and internal controls when planning for additional space in fiscal years 2008–2015. CFTC began planning for expansion in the fiscal year 2009 time frame—more than a year before the enactment of the Dodd-Frank Act in July 2010. CFTC renewed leas...
Nonbank Mortgage Servicers: Existing Regulatory Oversight Could Be Strengthened [Reissued on April 14, 2016]
GAO-16-278: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The share of home mortgages serviced by nonbanks increased from approximately 6.8 percent in 2012 to approximately 24.2 percent in 2015 (as measured by unpaid principal balance). However, banks continued to service the remainder (about 75.8 percent). Some market participants GAO interviewed said nonbank servicers' growth increased the capacity for servicing delinquent loans, but they also noted ch...
Resolution Plans: Regulators Have Refined Their Review Processes but Could Improve Transparency and Timeliness
GAO-16-341: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) have developed separate but similar review processes for determining whether a resolution plan is “not credible” or would not facilitate a company's orderly resolution under the Bankruptcy Code (the Code). Both regulators have processes for staffing review teams, determining whether a plan includes al...
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Comparison of Selected Programs in the United States and Foreign Countries
GAO-16-316: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
The structures of the 16 terrorism insurance programs GAO reviewed generally fell into three broad categories. Programs in the first category have a multilayered structure, with insurers, reinsurers (which offer insurance for insurers), and governments providing coverage. Several programs, including those in Australia and the United Kingdom (UK), use this approach. In the second category, which in...
Financial Regulation: Complex and Fragmented Structure Could Be Streamlined to Improve Effectiveness
GAO-16-175: Published: Feb 25, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2016.
The U.S. financial regulatory structure is complex, with responsibilities fragmented among multiple agencies that have overlapping authorities. As a result, financial entities may fall under the regulatory authority of multiple regulators depending on the types of activities in which they engage (see figure on next page). While the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Fr...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Treasury Should Estimate Future Expenditures for the Making Home Affordable Program
GAO-16-351: Published: Mar 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2016.
The U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) monitors activity and aggregate expenditures under its Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP)-funded Making Home Affordable (MHA) program, but it has not instituted a system to review the extent that it will use the full available program balance ($7.7 billion as of October 16, 2015). In a July 2009 report, GAO found that Treasury's estimates of program...