Research and development (11 - 20 of 27 items)
The Magnitude of the Federal Solar Energy Program and the Effects of Different Levels of Funding
EMD-78-27: Published: Feb 2, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 1982.
To accelerate development and use of solar energy systems, Congress has greatly increased appropriations for research, development, and demonstration of solar energy over the past few years. Different programs and funding requirements have been necessary to carry out programs for the following technologies: fuels from biomass, photovoltaic conversion systems, solar thermal power systems, wind ener...
Analysis of the Energy Research and Development Budget Proposal Process
RCED-83-6: Published: Nov 5, 1982. Publicly Released: Nov 5, 1982.
GAO reported on the energy research and development (R&D) budget proposal process and reviewed the process underlying the administration's fiscal year 1983 energy R&D budget proposal.GAO found that the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) do not set priorities among program areas by systematically applying planning and decisionmaking criteria. The basis for the...
Actions Being Taken To Help Reduce Occupational Radiation Exposure at Commercial Nuclear Powerplants
EMD-82-91: Published: Aug 24, 1982. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1982.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on increases in occupational radiation exposures that are occurring at commercial nuclear powerplants. The report focused on the extent of the occupational exposure increase, its causes, and what is being done to reduce these exposures.Workers who operate and maintain commercial nuclear powerplants are exposed to low doses of radiati...
The Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor: Options for Deciding Future Pace and Direction
EMD-82-79: Published: Jul 12, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1982.
GAO was requested to assess its past positions regarding the Clinch River Breeder Reactor (CRBR).The Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) is a potential means of providing this country with a long-term energy source. Both the LMFBR program and the CRBR continue to be controversial. There has been a continual erosion in the Government's estimates of anticipated growth of nuclear power. This si...
Hazards of Past Low-Level Radioactive Waste Ocean Dumping Have Been Overemphasized
EMD-82-9: Published: Oct 21, 1981. Publicly Released: Nov 23, 1981.
GAO evaluated the environmental and public health consequences of past ocean dumping of low-level radioactive waste. Its report discussed federal efforts to identify the extent of past ocean dumping, ensure that it poses neither an environmental nor public health hazard, and ensure that any possible future dumping is conducted safely and in an environmentally acceptable manner.GAO found that the f...
Tennessee Valley Authority Needs a Written Policy on the Use of Power System Revenues for Research, Development, and Demonstration
EMD-81-16: Published: Nov 25, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 25, 1980.
GAO evaluated the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Office of Power's research, development, and demonstration programs. One objective was to compare the overall TVA level of research and development expenditures with that of investor-owned utilities.TVA has an informal policy that limits expenditures of power funds for research and development to no more than 2 percent of annual gross power system...
Solar Energy Research Institute and Regional Solar Energy Centers: Impediments to Their Effective Use
EMD-80-106: Published: Aug 18, 1980. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 1980.
The Department of Energy (DOE) has designated its Solar Energy Research Institute and Regional Solar Energy Centers as lead institutions for solar development and commercialization. Confusion and conflicts have existed over the roles of the Institute and the Regional Centers in the solar program.DOE has failed to assign to the Institute and the Regional Centers the responsibilities necessary to ac...
Liquefying Coal for Future Energy Needs
EMD-80-84: Published: Aug 12, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 1980.
Coal liquefaction, the conversion of coal to a clean-burning, low-sulfur-content fuel, is a technology that can augment petroleum-derived products such as gasoline and boiler fuels and help meet the requirement for large supplies of liquid fuel. Direct liquefaction produces liquids through the interaction of coal and hydrogen at high temperature and pressure. Indirect liquefaction involves the gas...
A Look at NASA's Aircraft Energy Efficiency Program
PSAD-80-50: Published: Jul 28, 1980. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 1980.
The Aircraft Energy Efficiency Program is a 10-year effort of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to accelerate the development of various aeronautical technologies which would make future transport aircraft up to 50 percent more fuel efficient than today's aircraft. The program was to be completed by the end of 1985. It is a collection of six distinct but interrelated project...
U.S. International Energy Research and Development Program Management
ID-80-14: Published: Feb 5, 1980. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 1980.
The Department of Energy's (DOE) efforts in cooperative international energy research and development arrangements were reviewed.The following needs were found: (1) mechanisms to identify potential cooperative international energy projects; (2) guidelines and criteria for determining a reasonable level of U.S. contribution; (3) opportunities for U.S. private sector competition; and (4) controls ov...