Petroleum prices (1 - 10 of 36 items)
Crude Oil Export Restrictions: Studies Suggest Allowing Exports Could Reduce Consumer Fuel Prices
GAO-15-745T: Published: Jul 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2015.
In September 2014, GAO reported that according to studies it reviewed and stakeholders it interviewed, removing crude oil export restrictions would likely increase domestic crude oil prices, but could decrease consumer fuel prices, although the extent of price changes are uncertain and may vary by region. The studies identified the following implications for U.S. crude oil and consumer fuel prices...
Changing Crude Oil Markets: Allowing Exports Could Reduce Consumer Fuel Prices, and the Size of the Strategic Reserves Should Be Reexamined
GAO-14-807: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2014.
The studies GAO reviewed and stakeholders interviewed suggest that removing crude oil export restrictions is likely to increase domestic crude oil prices but decrease consumer fuel prices. Prices for some U.S. crude oils are lower than international prices—for example, one benchmark U.S. crude oil averaged $101 per barrel in 2014, while a comparable international crude oil averaged $109. Studies...
Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Issues Regarding the Inclusion of Refined Petroleum Products as Part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve
GAO-09-695T: Published: May 12, 2009. Publicly Released: May 12, 2009.
The possibility of storing refined petroleum products as part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) has been contemplated since the SPR was created in 1975. The SPR, which currently holds about 700 million barrels of crude oil, was created to help insulate the U.S. economy from oil supply disruptions. However, the SPR does not contain refined products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, or jet fuel...
Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Options to Improve the Cost-Effectiveness of Filling the Reserve
GAO-08-521T: Published: Feb 26, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2008.
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created in 1975 to help insulate the U.S. economy from oil supply disruptions and currently holds about 700 million barrels of crude oil. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to increase the SPR storage capacity from 727 million barrels to 1 billion barrels, which it plans to accomplish by 2018. Since 1999, oil for the SPR...
Energy Policy: Energy Policy and Conservation Act Reauthorization
T-RCED-94-214: Published: May 25, 1994. Publicly Released: May 25, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the reauthorization of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, focusing on the: (1) priority of options to improve the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR); (2) International Energy Agency's (IEA) evolving mission; and (3) options for enhancing revenues from the Naval Petroleum Reserve (NPR). GAO noted that: (1) resolving readiness problems at SPR, s...
Naval Petroleum Reserve: Limited Opportunities Exist to Increase Revenues From Oil Sales in California
RCED-94-126: Published: May 24, 1994. Publicly Released: May 25, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on Naval Petroleum Reserve (NPR) oil sales, focusing on whether: (1) NPR oil sales to Gulf Coast and mid-continent refiners would increase government revenues and result in higher prices for the remaining NPR oil in California; (2) there are barriers that impede the shipment of NPR oil to refiners; (3) the Department of Energy (DOE) can...
Energy Security and Policy: Analysis of the Pricing of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products
RCED-93-17: Published: Mar 19, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 29, 1993.
Pursuant to congressional requests, GAO analyzed the pricing of crude oil and petroleum products under normal market conditions and during market shocks.GAO found that: (1) although the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) no longer sets prices for crude oil, members' decisions about the supply of oil can still have a significant impact on world oil prices; (2) crude oil is a scarc...
Long-Term Policies Needed to Address Energy Use and Price Volatility
T-RCED-90-105: Published: Sep 5, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 1990.
GAO discussed the oil price increases that have taken place since Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. GAO noted that: (1) between August 1 and August 23, 1990, the price for oil futures increased from $21 per barrel to almost $32 per barrel before falling to about $27 on August 27; (2) retail gasoline prices increased about 10 cents a gallon after a major oil spill in March 1989; (3) retail home heating oi...
International Energy Agency: Effectiveness of Members' Oil Stocks and Demand Restraint Measures
NSIAD-89-42: Published: Feb 6, 1989. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the International Energy Agency (IEA) members': (1) compliance with a requirement to maintain emergency oil reserves equivalent to 90 days of oil imports; and (2) demand-restraint measures during an oil supply disruption and their effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) although most of the member countries technically complied with the 90-day oil sto...
California Crude Oil: An Analysis of Posted Prices and Fair Market Value
GGD-88-114: Published: Sep 8, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether posted crude oil prices in California reflected the oil's fair market value for federal windfall profit tax and royalty purposes.GAO found that: (1) Internal Revenue Service and Minerals Management Service studies showed that oil companies sold substantial quantities of oil at the prices considered as fair market value; (2) California an...