Energy shortages (1 - 10 of 42 items)
Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Issues Regarding the Inclusion of Refined Petroleum Products as Part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve
GAO-09-695T: Published: May 12, 2009. Publicly Released: May 12, 2009.
The possibility of storing refined petroleum products as part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) has been contemplated since the SPR was created in 1975. The SPR, which currently holds about 700 million barrels of crude oil, was created to help insulate the U.S. economy from oil supply disruptions. However, the SPR does not contain refined products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, or jet fuel...
Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Improving the Cost-Effectiveness of Filling the Reserve
GAO-08-726T: Published: Apr 24, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2008.
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created in 1975 to help protect the U.S. economy from oil supply disruptions and currently holds about 700 million barrels of crude oil. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to increase the SPR storage capacity from 727 million barrels to 1 billion barrels, which it plans to accomplish by 2018. Since 1999, oil for the SPR h...
Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Available Oil Can Provide Significant Benefits, but Many Factors Should Influence Future Decisions about Fill, Use, and Expansion
GAO-06-872: Published: Aug 24, 2006. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2006.
Congress authorized the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR), operated by the Department of Energy (DOE), to release oil to the market during supply disruptions and protect the U.S. economy from damage. The reserve can store up to 727 million barrels of crude oil, and currently contains enough oil to offset 59 days of U.S. oil imports. GAO answered the following questions: (1) What factors do experts...
Oil and Gas Development: Challenges to Agency Decisions and Opportunities for BLM to Standardize Data Collection
GAO-05-124: Published: Nov 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 3, 2005.
U.S. consumption of oil and natural gas increasingly outpaces domestic production, a gap that is expected to grow rapidly over the next 20 years. There has been increasing concern about U.S. reliance on foreign energy sources. One option being considered is to increase domestic production of resources on land under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management (BLM...
International Energy Agency: Response to the Oil Supply Disruption Caused by the Persian Gulf Crisis
NSIAD-92-93: Published: Jan 21, 1992. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the: (1) International Energy Agency's (IEA) decision to draw down emergency oil stocks in response to the oil supply disruptions that followed Iraq's invasion of Kuwait; (2) U.S. policy on restraining oil demand; (3) U.S. position on domestic sharing of oil supplies in an emergency and oil companies' views on that position; and (4) Department of E...
Long-Term Policies Needed to Address Energy Use and Price Volatility
T-RCED-90-105: Published: Sep 5, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 1990.
GAO discussed the oil price increases that have taken place since Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. GAO noted that: (1) between August 1 and August 23, 1990, the price for oil futures increased from $21 per barrel to almost $32 per barrel before falling to about $27 on August 27; (2) retail gasoline prices increased about 10 cents a gallon after a major oil spill in March 1989; (3) retail home heating oi...
Energy Policy: Developing Strategies for Energy Policies in the 1990s
RCED-90-85: Published: Jun 19, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 19, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on energy policy issues, focusing on: (1) energy consumption; (2) increased dependence on imported oil from Persian Gulf sources; (3) uncertainty over the adequacy of future generating capacity; and (4) concern for the potentially adverse environmental effects of energy consumption.GAO found that: (1) since 1983, U.S. energy consumption...
Energy Security and the World Oil Market
T-RCED-90-12: Published: Nov 8, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 1989.
GAO discussed the possible economic and other impacts of an oil supply disruption. GAO noted that: (1) a major oil supply disruption would severely impact the entire economy; (2) U.S. oil consumption and dependence on external oil sources have increased since 1985 after a significant decline and are now approaching 1976 levels; (3) world oil production outside of the Organization of Petroleum Expo...
Strategic Petroleum Reserves: Analysis of Alternative Financing Methods
RCED-89-103: Published: Mar 16, 1989. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined alternatives for acquiring oil for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR).GAO analyzed three alternative funding proposals and compared them with the current method for financing SPR, and found that: (1) raising revenues through special bonds and taxes, asset sales and receipts would not likely raise enough revenue for the government to purchase...
Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1: Examination of DOE's Report on Divestiture
RCED-88-151: Published: Aug 25, 1988. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined: (1) the Department of Energy's (DOE) report on the proposed divestiture of Naval Petroleum Reserve 1 (NPR-1); and (2) whether DOE could lease the reserve instead of selling it.GAO found that the report did not justify the sale of NPR-1 assets, since it: (1) lacked a comprehensive study of all producing pools at NPR-1 to estimate the reserve's v...