state relations (1 - 10 of 36 items)
Nuclear Waste: Disposal Challenges and Lessons Learned from Yucca Mountain
GAO-11-731T: Published: Jun 1, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2011.
The United States has generated over 75,000 metric tons of spent nuclear fuel and high-level nuclear waste--extremely hazardous substances--at 80 sites in 35 states and is expected to more than double that amount by 2055. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) required the Department of Energy (DOE) to investigate a geologic repository for nuclear waste. In 1987, Congress amended NWPA to dire...
Low-Level Radioactive Waste: Status of Disposal Availability in the United States and Other Countries
GAO-08-813T: Published: May 20, 2008. Publicly Released: May 20, 2008.
Disposal of radioactive material continues to be highly controversial. To address part of the disposal problem, in 1980, Congress made the states responsible for disposing of most low-level radioactive waste (LLRW), and allowed them to form regional compacts and to restrict access to disposal facilities from noncompact states. LLRW is an inevitable by-product of nuclear power generation and includ...
Nuclear Waste Cleanup: DOE's Cleanup Plan for the Paducah, Kentucky Site Faces Uncertainties and Excludes Costly Activities
T-RCED-00-225: Published: Jun 27, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) efforts to clean up its Paducah, Kentucky, uranium enrichment plant, focusing on: (1) DOE's planned activities, cost, and schedule for cleaning up the site; (2) the challenges in accomplishing the cleanup plan; and (3) whether the cleanup plan includes all areas at the site requiring cleanup.GAO noted that: (1) DOE...
Radioactive Waste: Status of Commercial Low-Level Waste Facilities
RCED-95-67: Published: May 5, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 5, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed state efforts to dispose of the low-level radioactive waste that is generated commercially within their borders.GAO found that: (1) 11 states plan to develop commercially generated low-level waste disposal facilities and the state of Washington plans to continue operating its existing disposal facility; (2) 4 states plan to complete facilities betw...
Nuclear Regulation: Action Needed to Control Radioactive Contamination at Sewage Treatment Plants
RCED-94-133: Published: May 18, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) efforts to regulate and reduce radioactive contamination of sewage sludge, focusing on: (1) the status of cleanup efforts at the Southerly Sewage Treatment Plant; (2) the amount of radioactive sewage contamination at sewage treatment facilities nationwide; and (3) NRC efforts to monitor radio...
Nuclear Waste: Funds Spent to Identify a Monitored Retrievable Storage Facility Site
RCED-93-199: Published: Sep 7, 1993. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the accounts of the Office of the Nuclear Waste Negotiator to determine if its expenditures are consistent with legislative provisions; and (2) whether Department of Energy (DOE) grants for identifying a volunteer host for a temporary nuclear storage facility are consistent with the monitored retrievable storage (MRS) program's objectives and...
Nuclear Regulation: NRC's Nuclear Materials Program Needs Improvement to Protect Public Health and Safety
T-RCED-93-51: Published: Jul 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 1993.
GAO discussed the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) regulation of nuclear materials, focusing on: (1) NRC oversight of states that control nuclear materials themselves and it oversight of states that do not regulate nuclear materials; and (2) the effectiveness of these programs. GAO noted that: (1) NRC does not have a common set of performance standards and evaluation methods to compare its pr...
Nuclear Regulation: Better Criteria and Data Would Help Ensure Safety of Nuclear Materials
RCED-93-90: Published: Apr 26, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) nuclear materials programs, focusing on whether: (1) NRC agreement-state programs and NRC-regulated state programs effectively protect the public from nuclear materials; and (2) NRC took actions in response to previous GAO recommendations.GAO found that: (1) NRC lacks adequate criteria and data to assess wh...
Nuclear Waste: Hanford Tank Waste Program Needs Cost, Schedule, and Management Changes
RCED-93-99: Published: Mar 8, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the status of the Hanford waste vitrification plant, focusing on: (1) technical and other issues that affect the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS); and (2) the Department of Energy's (DOE) efforts to end interim storage of high-level radioactive waste at the site.GAO found that: (1) DOE has not determined how many samples it will need for waste...
Nuclear Waste: New York's Adherence to Site Selection Procedures Is Unclear
RCED-92-172: Published: Aug 11, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the New York Low-Level Radioactive Waste Commission's site selection process for a low level radioactive waste disposal facility.GAO found that: (1) although the Commission decided to include one site among those to be evaluated in more detail, it did not follow its procedures, since the site contained more productive agricultural land than state r...