Nuclear power plants (1 - 10 of 33 items)
Nuclear Safety: Countries' Regulatory Bodies Have Made Changes in Response to the Fukushima Daiichi Accident
GAO-14-109: Published: Mar 6, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2014.
All the nuclear regulatory bodies in the 16 selected countries in GAO's review—13 of which currently operate nuclear power reactors and 3 of which are developing or considering developing civilian nuclear power programs—have taken steps to strengthen nuclear safety in response to the Fukushima Daiichi accident in Japan. Japan in particular has fundamentally restructured its nuclear regulatory...
Nuclear Regulatory Commission: NRC Needs to Do More to Ensure that Power Plants Are Effectively Controlling Spent Nuclear Fuel
GAO-05-339: Published: Apr 8, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2005.
Spent nuclear fuel--the used fuel periodically removed from reactors in nuclear power plants--is too inefficient to power a nuclear reaction, but is intensely radioactive and continues to generate heat for thousands of years. Potential health and safety implications make the control of spent nuclear fuel of great importance. The discovery, in 2004, that spent fuel rods were missing at the Vermont...
Nuclear Regulation: NRC Needs to More Aggressively and Comprehensively Resolve Issues Related to the Davis-Besse Nuclear Power Plant's Shutdown
GAO-04-415: Published: May 17, 2004. Publicly Released: May 18, 2004.
In March 2002, the most serious safety issue confronting the nation's commercial nuclear power industry since Three Mile Island in 1979 was identified at the Davis- Besse plant in Ohio. After the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) allowed Davis-Besse to delay shutting down to inspect its reactor vessel for cracked tubing, the plant found that leakage from these tubes had caused extensive corrosio...
Nuclear Regulation: NRC's Assurances of Decommissioning Funding During Utility Restructuring Could Be Improved
GAO-02-48: Published: Dec 3, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2001.
In most of the requests approved by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to transfer licenses to own or operate nuclear power plants, the financial arrangements have sought to ensure that adequate funds will be available to decommission those plants. However, when new owners proposed to continue relying on periodic deposits to external sinking funds, NRC's reviews were not always rigorous enoug...
Nuclear Safety: Information on the International Nuclear Regulators Association
RCED-99-243: Published: Aug 6, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 6, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) participation in the International Nuclear Regulators Association, focusing on: (1) the Association's activities since it was created; (2) U.S. costs to support NRC's participation in the Association; (3) the views of NRC's commissioners and others on the benefits of the Association; and (4)...
Nuclear Regulation: Better Oversight Needed to Ensure Accumulation of Funds to Decommission Nuclear Power Plants
RCED-99-75: Published: May 3, 1999. Publicly Released: May 6, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the potential cost to decommission nuclear power plants and the implications of competition within the electricity industry, focusing on whether: (1) there is adequate assurance that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) licensees are accumulating sufficient funds for decommissioning; and (2) NRC is adequately addressing the effe...
Nuclear Regulatory Commission: Strategy Needed to Develop a Risk-Informed Safety Approach
T-RCED-99-71: Published: Feb 4, 1999. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the actions the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has taken to move from its traditional regulatory approach to an approach that considers risk in conjunction with engineering analyses and operating experience-termed risk-informed regulation, focusing on the: (1) issues that NRC needs to resolve to implement a risk-informed regulatory approach;...
Nuclear Regulation: Preventing Problem Plants Requires More Effective NRC Action
RCED-97-145: Published: May 30, 1997. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) oversight of the nuclear power industry, focusing on how NRC: (1) defines nuclear safety; (2) measures and monitors the safety condition of nuclear plants; and (3) uses its knowledge of safety conditions to ensure the safety of nuclear plants.GAO noted that: (1) to achieve NRC's safety mission, it is critic...
Nuclear Safety: International Assistance Efforts to Make Soviet-Designed Reactors Safer
RCED-94-234: Published: Sep 29, 1994. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on U.S. and international efforts to improve the safety of Soviet-designed reactors, focusing on the: (1) goals and scope of international assistance; (2) current and future U.S. assistance efforts; (3) impact of international assistance; and (4) potential for closing the highest-risk reactors.GAO found that: (1) as of 1994, internation...
Nuclear Waste: Slow Progress Developing Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facilities
RCED-92-61: Published: Jan 10, 1992. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) state efforts to implement the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985; (2) federal and state efforts to resolve issues related to mixed waste, low-level waste that also contains hazardous chemicals, and wastes with very low levels of radioactivity; and (3) the Department of Energy's (DOE) progress in discharging the federal...