Nuclear facilities (11 - 20 of 41 items)
Uranium Enrichment: Extension of Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund May Be Needed to Cover Projected Cleanup Costs
GAO-08-277T: Published: Nov 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2007.
Cleaning up the nation's three uranium enrichment plants will cost billions of dollars and could span decades. These plants--located near Oak Ridge, Tenn.; Paducah, Ky.; and Portsmouth, Ohio--are contaminated with radioactive and hazardous materials. In 1992, the Energy Policy Act created the Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund (Fund) to pay for plant cleanup. Fund revenues...
Fusion Energy: Definitive Cost Estimates for U.S. Contributions to an International Experimental Reactor and Better Coordinated DOE Research Are Needed
GAO-08-30: Published: Oct 26, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 2007.
The United States is pursuing two paths to fusion energy--magnetic and inertial. On November 21, 2006, the United States signed an agreement with five countries and the European Union to build and operate the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in Cadarache, France, to demonstrate the feasibility of magnetic fusion energy. The United States also built and operates facilities to...
Nuclear Regulatory Commission: NRC Needs to Do More to Ensure that Power Plants Are Effectively Controlling Spent Nuclear Fuel
GAO-05-339: Published: Apr 8, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2005.
Spent nuclear fuel--the used fuel periodically removed from reactors in nuclear power plants--is too inefficient to power a nuclear reaction, but is intensely radioactive and continues to generate heat for thousands of years. Potential health and safety implications make the control of spent nuclear fuel of great importance. The discovery, in 2004, that spent fuel rods were missing at the Vermont...
Department of Energy: Views on Proposed Civil Penalties, Security Oversight, and External Safety Regulation Legislation
T-RCED-00-135: Published: Mar 22, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 22, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its views on three bills designed to improve worker and nuclear facility safety and health as well as to enhance security for the Department of Energy (DOE).GAO noted that: (1) H.R. 3383 would amend the Atomic Energy Act by eliminating the exemption that allows certain nonprofit contractors to avoid paying civil penalties if they violate DOE's nuc...
Year 2000 Readiness: NRC's Proposed Approach Regarding Nuclear Powerplants
AIMD-98-90R: Published: Mar 6, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 1998.
GAO reviewed the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) proposed generic letter on the year 2000 readiness of computer systems at nuclear power plants, focusing on: (1) a more complete year 2000 program for licensees; (2) licensees' progress on year 2000 readiness; (3) the year 2000 ready certification; and (4) future year 2000 maintenance requirements.GAO noted that: (1) as a benchmark of program...
Nuclear Security: Safeguards and Security Planning at DOE Facilities Incomplete
RCED-93-14: Published: Oct 30, 1992. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Department of Energy's (DOE) planning process for safeguards and security at numerous sensitive facilities and sites, focusing on: (1) the extent to which DOE has completed safeguards and security plans for sensitive facilities; (2) the extent to which DOE has completed such plans for the areas, or sites, surrounding these facilities; and (3)...
Nuclear Science: DOE's Self-Supporting Isotope Program Is Experiencing Problems
RCED-92-122FS: Published: Jun 3, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the status of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Isotope Production and Distribution Program, focusing on: (1) problems the program has experienced in operating on a self-supporting basis; (2) the cost factors affecting DOE isotope production; and (3) domestic isotope customers' reactions to the program.GAO found that: (1) DOE has experienced difficu...
Uranium Enrichment: DOE Needs to Pursue Alternative AVLIS Deployment Options
RCED-91-88: Published: Aug 8, 1991. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 1991.
GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) demonstration and deployment of the atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS) program and the building of an AVLIS plant, focusing on technical, program, and economic issues.GAO found that: (1) independent experts believe that the AVLIS demonstration program will be successful, but the program will not provide the specific cost information needed f...
Nuclear Safety: The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board's First Year of Operation
RCED-91-54: Published: Feb 5, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the accomplishments, operations, and problems faced by the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, focusing on: (1) the Board's mission to improve safety and health conditions at the Department of Energy's (DOE) defense nuclear facilities; (2) problems encountered in hiring technical staff; and (3) changes needed to enhance the Board's independenc...
Comments on Smith Barney's Uranium Enrichment Analysis
T-RCED-90-101: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 1990.
GAO discussed an independent assessment of the Department of Energy's (DOE) uranium enrichment program. GAO noted that the assessment concluded that: (1) the enrichment program should be restructured as a government corporation and operate on a competitive basis; (2) DOE could reduce total costs by making various adjustments and policy decisions; and (3) the government should retain responsibility...