Appropriations (1 - 10 of 30 items)
Fusion Energy: Definitive Cost Estimates for U.S. Contributions to an International Experimental Reactor and Better Coordinated DOE Research Are Needed
GAO-08-30: Published: Oct 26, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 2007.
The United States is pursuing two paths to fusion energy--magnetic and inertial. On November 21, 2006, the United States signed an agreement with five countries and the European Union to build and operate the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in Cadarache, France, to demonstrate the feasibility of magnetic fusion energy. The United States also built and operates facilities to...
Nuclear Waste: Agreement Among Agencies Responsible for the West Valley Site Is Critically Needed
GAO-01-314: Published: May 11, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 12, 2001.
The West Valley nuclear facility in western New York State was built in the 1960s to convert spent nuclear fuel from commercial reactors into reusable nuclear fuel. New York State, the owner of the site, and the Atomic Energy Commission--the predecessor of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Department of Energy (DOE)--jointly promoted the venture. However, the timing of the venture wa...
Nuclear Health and Safety: Consensus on Acceptable Radiation Risk to the Public Is Lacking
RCED-94-190: Published: Sep 19, 1994. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the consistency and compatibility of federal radiation standards, focusing on: (1) the various limits on public exposure to radiation; (2) the various protective strategies associated with the standards; and (3) whether the standards as a whole provide a coherent, complete federal framework for public radiation protection.GAO found that: (1) the di...
Energy Management: Payments in Lieu of Taxes for DOE Property May Need to Be Reassessed
RCED-94-204: Published: Jul 18, 1994. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) compensation payments for property in lieu of state and local property taxes, focusing on: (1) how DOE identified communities for such payments and determined the payment amounts; (2) whether a 1987 revision of DOE payment policy was consistent with the Atomic Energy Act of 1954; and (3) the potential effect of DOE...
Nuclear Safety: Unresolved Issues Could Impair DOE's Oversight Effectiveness
RCED-94-129: Published: Jun 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) restructuring of its nuclear safety oversight functions, focusing on: (1) whether the proposed changes would improve DOE ability to ensure nuclear safety; (2) the process DOE used to consolidate the Nuclear Safety and Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) Offices; and (3) issues that could affect ES&H nuclear safety...
Ballistic Missile Defense: Information on Directed Energy Programs for Fiscal Years 1985 Through 1993
NSIAD-93-182: Published: Jun 24, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Department of Defense (DOD) recommendations for transferring or retaining management responsibility for directed energy technologies in the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) and for determining the future direction of directed energy development.GAO found that: (1) the $4.9 billion allocated by the Strategic Defense Initiative Organizat...
Nuclear Security: Safeguards and Security Planning at DOE Facilities Incomplete
RCED-93-14: Published: Oct 30, 1992. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Department of Energy's (DOE) planning process for safeguards and security at numerous sensitive facilities and sites, focusing on: (1) the extent to which DOE has completed safeguards and security plans for sensitive facilities; (2) the extent to which DOE has completed such plans for the areas, or sites, surrounding these facilities; and (3)...
Nuclear Waste: Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leaks Greater Than Estimated
RCED-91-177: Published: Aug 5, 1991. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined whether the Department of Energy (DOE) or its Hanford, Washington, site contractor fully disclosed the volume of waste that leaked from the site's underground single-shell storage tanks.GAO found that: (1) DOE estimated that 750,000 gallons of liquid waste leaked from 66 shell tanks, but did not include the volume of cooling water that had been a...
Uranium Enrichment: DOE Needs to Pursue Alternative AVLIS Deployment Options
RCED-91-88: Published: Aug 8, 1991. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 1991.
GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) demonstration and deployment of the atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS) program and the building of an AVLIS plant, focusing on technical, program, and economic issues.GAO found that: (1) independent experts believe that the AVLIS demonstration program will be successful, but the program will not provide the specific cost information needed f...
Nuclear Waste: Pretreatment Modifications at DOE Hanford's B Plant Should Be Stopped
RCED-91-165: Published: Jun 12, 1991. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) plans to modify its Hanford Site B Plant in Washington to pretreat mixed high-level radioactive waste before the vitrification process to turn it into glass.GAO found that: (1) although DOE was aware that the plant had not met specific federal or DOE regulations since 1987, it failed to timely discuss the compliance...