Program management (21 - 30 of 45 items)
Fusion Energy: Definitive Cost Estimates for U.S. Contributions to an International Experimental Reactor and Better Coordinated DOE Research Are Needed
GAO-08-30: Published: Oct 26, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 2007.
The United States is pursuing two paths to fusion energy--magnetic and inertial. On November 21, 2006, the United States signed an agreement with five countries and the European Union to build and operate the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in Cadarache, France, to demonstrate the feasibility of magnetic fusion energy. The United States also built and operates facilities to...
Nuclear Energy: NRC's Workforce and Processes for New Reactor Licensing Are Generally in Place, but Uncertainties Remain as Industry Begins to Submit Applications
GAO-07-1129: Published: Sep 21, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2007.
Nearly three decades after the last order for a new nuclear power reactor in the United States, electric power companies plan to submit 20 applications in the next 18 months to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for licenses to build and operate new reactors. Since 1989, NRC has developed a new license review process that allows a power company to obtain a construction permit and an operating...
Nuclear Safety: Construction of the Protective Shelter for the Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor Faces Schedule Delays, Potential Cost Increases, and Technical Uncertainties
GAO-07-923: Published: Jul 19, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2007.
In 1986, an explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine destroyed the reactor building and released massive amounts of radioactive contamination. A temporary shelter was built over the damaged reactor to prevent further contamination. The United States is a major donor to an international project to build a new shelter to replace the existing one, which is badly deteriorating. GAO wa...
National Nuclear Security Administration: Additional Actions Needed to Improve Management of the Nation's Nuclear Programs
GAO-07-36: Published: Jan 19, 2007. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 2007.
In response to security and management weaknesses, in 1999 the Congress created the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), a separately organized agency within the Department of Energy (DOE). NNSA is responsible for the nation's nuclear weapons, nonproliferation, and naval reactors programs. Since its creation, NNSA has continued to experience security problems, such as unauthorized acce...
Nuclear Waste: Challenges to Achieving Potential Savings in DOE's High-Level Waste Cleanup Program
GAO-03-593: Published: Jun 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2003.
The Department of Energy (DOE) oversees one of the largest cleanup programs in history--the treatment and disposal of 94 million gallons of highly radioactive nuclear waste from the nation's nuclear weapons program. This waste is currently at DOE sites in Washington, Idaho, and South Carolina. In 2002, DOE began an initiative to reduce the estimated $105-billion cost and 70-year time frame of this...
Uranium Enrichment: DOE Needs to Pursue Alternative AVLIS Deployment Options
RCED-91-88: Published: Aug 8, 1991. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 1991.
GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) demonstration and deployment of the atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS) program and the building of an AVLIS plant, focusing on technical, program, and economic issues.GAO found that: (1) independent experts believe that the AVLIS demonstration program will be successful, but the program will not provide the specific cost information needed f...
Nuclear Waste: Problems and Delays With Characterizing Hanford's Single-Shell Tank Waste
RCED-91-118: Published: Apr 23, 1991. Publicly Released: May 30, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the status of Department of Energy (DOE) efforts to characterize single-shell tank wastes at its Hanford, Washington site, focusing on impediments such as: (1) technological limitations; and (2) safety considerations.GAO found that: (1) due to the number of unresolved issues, DOE was unlikely to complete the first-phase characterization of the sing...
Offshore Oil and Gas: Environmental Studies Program Meets Most User Needs but Changes Needed
RCED-88-104: Published: Jun 29, 1988. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of the Interior's outer continental shelf (OCS) environmental studies program to determine: (1) whether contractors timely delivered environmental studies in relation to originally scheduled due dates and planned lease uses; (2) the level of user satisfaction with the studies and how Interior's Minerals Management Service (MMS) us...
Oil Reserves: Status of Strategic Petroleum Reserves as of March 31, 1988
RCED-88-175FS: Published: Jun 24, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO presented its semiannual review of the Department of Energy's (DOE) progress in developing, operating, and filling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR).GAO found that: (1) as of March 31, 1988, the SPR inventory totalled 544.9 million barrels of oil; (2) during the previous 6 months, DOE added 11 million barrels of crude oil at an average fill rate of 6...
Nuclear Waste: Institutional Relations Under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982
RCED-87-14: Published: Feb 9, 1987. Publicly Released: Feb 9, 1987.
In response to a congressional request to assess the Department of Energy's (DOE) relations with the states and Indian tribes that its Nuclear Waste Repository Program affects, GAO: (1) identified the states' and tribes' concerns with the program, including their level of participation in the decisionmaking process for waste sites; (2) examined the DOE program for involving states and tribes and t...