Commerce (11 - 20 of 40 items)
Residential Energy Assistance: Effectiveness of Demonstration Program as Yet Undetermined
GAO-01-723: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2001.
Rising prices for natural gas, electricity, and other fuels have made it even harder for low-income families to pay their utility bills. By the end of fiscal year 2000, the Office of Community Services had awarded $30 million in Residential Energy Assistance Challenge Option (REACH) program grants to 24 states and 12 tribal organizations to fund 54 separate projects to help meet the home energy (h...
Nuclear Regulation: Progress Made in Emergency Preparedness at Indian Point 2, but Additional Improvements Needed
GAO-01-605: Published: Jul 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 9, 2001.
Consolidated Edison Company shut down the Indian Point 2 commercial nuclear power plant in February 2000 because a tube had ruptured in a steam generator, raising the possibility that radioactively contaminated water could leak into the environment. In this case, the total amount of radioactivity released posed no threat because the amount of radioactivity released was about one thousandth of the...
Nuclear Waste: Agreement Among Agencies Responsible for the West Valley Site Is Critically Needed
GAO-01-314: Published: May 11, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 12, 2001.
The West Valley nuclear facility in western New York State was built in the 1960s to convert spent nuclear fuel from commercial reactors into reusable nuclear fuel. New York State, the owner of the site, and the Atomic Energy Commission--the predecessor of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Department of Energy (DOE)--jointly promoted the venture. However, the timing of the venture wa...
Department of Energy: Opportunities Exist to Improve Los Alamos' Equipment Purchasing Practices
GAO-01-426: Published: May 23, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2001.
The Department of Energy (DOE) received $13.2 million in supplemental funding to replace equipment lost at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in the May 2000 Cerro Grande fire. GAO reviewed the practices used by the contractor that runs the laboratory--the University of California (UC)--to determine whether it can benefit from modified purchasing practices. GAO found that UC can save money by (1)...
Nuclear Cleanup: DOE Should Reevaluate Waste Disposal Options Before Building New Facilities
GAO-01-441: Published: May 25, 2001. Publicly Released: May 25, 2001.
Unless the Department of Energy (DOE) revisits its disposal needs and its current option for disposing of wastes off-site, it could miss opportunities to reduce cleanup costs at the Fernald, Oak Ridge, and the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) sites and at other sites, such as Paducah, that might propose the development of new on-site facilities. Building in a decisio...
Nuclear Weapons: Improved Management Needed to Implement Stockpile Stewardship Program Effectively
GAO-01-48: Published: Dec 14, 2000. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 2001.
The National Nuclear Security Administration's Office of Defense Programs seeks to maintain the safety and reliability of the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile without nuclear testing. This report discusses the Department of Energy's (DOE) management of its National Nuclear Security Administration's Stockpile Stewardship Program, focusing on the program's plans, budgeting, organization, and life...
Radiation Standards: Scientific Basis Inconclusive, and EPA and NRC Disagreement Continues
RCED-00-152: Published: Jun 30, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) radiation standards, focusing on: (1) whether the U.S. radiation protection standards have a well-verified scientific basis; (2) whether federal agencies have come closer to agreeing on standards since GAO reported on this issue in 1994; and (3) how implementi...
Low-Level Radioactive Wastes: Department of Energy Has Opportunities to Reduce Disposal Costs
RCED-00-64: Published: Apr 12, 2000. Publicly Released: May 15, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) management and disposal of its low-level radioactive wastes, focusing on: (1) the factors that influence DOE's decisions about the treatment, storage, and disposal of the wastes; and (2) DOE's costs to treat, store, and dispose of these wastes and the cost-effectiveness of DOE's disposal decisions.GAO noted that: (1...
Nuclear Weapons: Challenges Remain for Successful Implementation of DOE's Tritium Supply Decision
RCED-00-24: Published: Jan 28, 2000. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Energy's (DOE) decision to select a commercial reactor for the production of tritium and to designate an accelerator to function as a backup, focusing on: (1) whether the cost estimates used by the Secretary of Energy during the process of selecting between the tritium production technology options were comparable a...
Department of Energy: DOE's Nuclear Safety Enforcement Program Should Be Strengthened
RCED-99-146: Published: Jun 10, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) nuclear safety enforcement program, focusing on: (1) the enforceable nuclear safety rules DOE has issued; (2) which DOE facilities and contractors are covered by these rules; (3) DOE's enforcement of the nuclear safety rules; and (4) whether there is a continued need for exempting certain contractors from paying pen...