Natural resources (81 - 90 of 305 items)
Nuclear Regulatory Commission: Natural Hazard Assessments Could Be More Risk-Informed
GAO-12-465: Published: Apr 26, 2012. Publicly Released: May 29, 2012.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and companies licensed to operate nuclear power reactors (or licensees) apply probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) to natural hazards at operating U.S. nuclear reactors to a limited extent. When the 104 operating reactors were originally licensed before 1997, NRC required licensees to assess natural hazards using deterministic analysis, which—informed by hi...
Nuclear Safety: DOE Needs to Determine the Costs and Benefits of Its Safety Reform Effort
GAO-12-347: Published: Apr 20, 2012. Publicly Released: May 22, 2012.
Under its safety reform effort, the Department of Energy (DOE) reduced the number of safety directives by eliminating or combining requirements it determined were unclear, duplicative, or too prescriptive and by encouraging the use of industry standards. DOE reduced the number of its safety directives from 80 to 42, and for some of the directives DOE retained, it made extensive revisions. For exam...
Nuclear Regulation: NRC's Oversight of Nuclear Power Reactors' Decommissioning Funds Could Be Further Strengthened
GAO-12-258: Published: Apr 5, 2012. Publicly Released: May 7, 2012.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) periodically reviews licensees decommissioning funds and related licensee data to determine if licensees have provided reasonable assurance that they will accumulate adequate funds for decommissioning. For example, licensees must submit estimates to NRC of decommissioning costs throughout the life of the reactor and submit fund status reports at least...
Modernizing the Nuclear Security Enterprise: Strategies and Challenges in Sustaining Critical Skills in Federal and Contractor Workforces
GAO-12-468: Published: Apr 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2012.
The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and its M&O contractors have developed and implemented multifaceted strategies to recruit, develop, and retain both the federal and contractor workforces needed to preserve critical skills in the enterprise. NNSAs recruiting and retention efforts for its federal staff focus on attracting early career hires with competitive pay and developme...
Oil and Gas: Interior Has Strengthened Its Oversight of Subsea Well Containment, but Should Improve Its Documentation
GAO-12-244: Published: Feb 29, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2012.
Since the Deepwater Horizon incident, the oil and gas industry has improved its capabilities to respond to a subsea well blowoutthe uncontrolled release of oil or gas from a well on the ocean floorin the Gulf of Mexico. In particular, operators have formed two new not-for-profit organizations that can quickly make available well containment equipment, services, and expertise. Among the...
DOE Loan Guarantees: Further Actions Are Needed to Improve Tracking and Review of Applications
GAO-12-157: Published: Mar 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2012.
The Department of Energy (DOE) has made $15 billion in loan guarantees and conditionally committed to an additional $15 billion, but the program does not have the consolidated data on application status needed to facilitate efficient management and program oversight. For the 460 applications to the Loan Guarantee Program (LGP), DOE has made loan guarantees for 7 percent and committed to an additio...
Renewable Energy: An Inventory of Fiscal Year 2010 Federal Initiatives (GAO-12-259SP, February 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-12-260
GAO-12-259SP: Published: Feb 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2012.
This document is an E-supplement to GAO-12-260. This e-supplement provides a detailed inventory of federal renewable energy initiatives implemented by 23 departments and independent agencies in fiscal year 2010, which we refer to collectively as 'agencies.' For each initiative, this inventory includes the following data that were reported to us by the agencies: (1) the implementing agency, subagen...
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY: Additional Opportunities Exist to Streamline Support Functions at NNSA and Office of Science Sites
GAO-12-255: Published: Jan 31, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 2012.
Support function costs at NNSA and Science sites for fiscal years 2007 through 2011 are not fully known because DOE changed its data collection approach beginning in 2010 to improve its data and, as a result, does not have complete and comparable cost data for all years. In fiscal years 2007 through 2009, total support costs for NNSA and Science sites grew from $5 billion to about $5.5 billion (no...
Department of Energy: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy Could Benefit from Information on Applicants' Prior Funding
GAO-12-112: Published: Jan 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2012.
ARPA-E uses four selection criteria, such as the potential impact of the proposed technology relative to the state of the art, and other considerations in awarding funds. Other considerations include balancing a variety of technology approaches and the likelihood the technology would be brought to market. GAO identified 18 out of 121 award winners through ARPA-Es first three funding rounds t...
Department of Energy: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy Could Improve Its Collection of Information from Applications
GAO-12-407T: Published: Jan 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2012.
Since first receiving an appropriation in 2009 in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, ARPA-E has awarded $521.7 million to universities, public and private companies, and national laboratories to fund 181 projects that attempt to make transformationalrather than incrementaladvances to a variety of energy technologies, including high-energy batteries and renewable...