National security (1 - 10 of 40 items)
Nuclear Material: Agencies Have Sound Procedures for Managing Exchanges but Could Improve Inventory Monitoring
GAO-16-713: Published: Sep 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 24, 2016.
In the United States, from October 1, 2003, through November 30, 2015, there were 817 exchanges of nuclear material that carried obligations to foreign partners under nuclear cooperation agreements. These exchanges allowed the obligated nuclear material to be transferred between U.S. facilities without physically moving it. For example, if a facility had a certain amount of obligated nuclear mater...
Nuclear Weapons: DOD Assessed the Need for Each Leg of the Strategic Triad and Considered Other Reductions to Nuclear Forces
GAO-16-740: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) assessed the need for each leg of the strategic triad in support of the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review and considered other reductions to nuclear forces in subsequent reviews. The department identified advantages of each leg of the triad and concluded that retaining all three would help maintain strategic deterrence and stability. The advantages DOD identified include...
Nuclear Weapons: NNSA Should Evaluate the Role of the Enhanced Surveillance Program in Assessing the Condition of the U.S. Nuclear Stockpile
GAO-16-549: Published: Sep 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2016.
The Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) did not fully implement the Enhanced Surveillance Program as envisioned in the agency's 2007 Surveillance Transformation Project (2007 initiative) and has not developed a long-term strategy for the program. Surveillance is the process of inspecting a weapon through various tests of the weapon as a whole, the weapon's...
Nuclear Supply Chain: DOE Should Assess Circumstances for Using Enhanced Procurement Authority to Manage Risk
GAO-16-710: Published: Aug 11, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2016.
As of May 2016, the Secretary of Energy had not used the enhanced procurement authority, and the Department of Energy (DOE) had not developed processes for using the authority, as it had not fully assessed the circumstances under which the authority might be useful. To use the authority, the Secretary must be made aware of a supply chain risk by officials from DOE or its semiautonomous National Nu...
Department of Energy: Transactions Involving USEC Inc. Since 1998
GAO-15-730: Published: Sep 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 13, 2015.
The Department of Energy (DOE) has engaged with USEC Inc. (USEC) in 23 transactions since USEC was privatized in 1998 through July 1, 2015. The 23 transactions fall into the following six categories:Establishment of USEC. DOE engaged with USEC in 3 transactions to help establish the company as a private company. For example, from 1998 to 2003, DOE transferred enriched uranium, as required by the U...
DOE Project Management: NNSA Should Ensure Equal Consideration of Alternatives for Lithium Production
GAO-15-525: Published: Jul 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2015.
The National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) has identified various challenges in its lithium production strategy that may impact its ability to meet demand for lithium in the future, as well as actions that may mitigate these challenges. These challenges pertain to three key areas. First, NNSA may not have a sufficient supply of lithium material for defense program requirements. NNSA off...
National Nuclear Security Administration: Reports on the Benefits and Costs of Competing Management and Operating Contracts Need to Be Clearer and More Complete
GAO-15-331: Published: Mar 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 2015.
The National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) report to Congress on the competition of the consolidated management and operating (M&O) contract for its Pantex Plant in Texas and Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) in Tennessee includes information on all the statutorily required topics but does not clearly or completely describe expected benefits and costs. Specifically:• Key analyses...
Nuclear Commerce: Additional Actions Needed to Improve DOE's Export Control Process
GAO-15-124: Published: Oct 14, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2014.
The Department of Energy (DOE) has consistently missed its 30-day targets for the initial and interagency stages of the Part 810 review process (see table). From 2008 through 2013, DOE missed the target for the initial review stage for 80 of 89 applications processed, and interagency review times missed DOE's 30-day target for 85 applications. DOE has not established a target for the entire final...
Nuclear Weapons: Some Actions Have Been Taken to Address Challenges with the Uranium Processing Facility Design
GAO-15-126: Published: Oct 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 2014.
In January 2013, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) completed a review to identify the factors that contributed to the space/fit issue with the Uranium Processing Facility (UPF), and identified a number of factors within both NNSA and the contractor managing the UPF design at that time. NNSA's review identified shortcomings in 1) federal oversight of the project, 2) design integra...
Nuclear Security: NNSA Should Establish a Clear Vision and Path Forward for Its Security Program
GAO-14-208: Published: May 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2014.
Implementation of security reforms from 2009 to 2012 generally varied among National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) sites. According to Department of Energy (DOE) and NNSA officials and contractors, some of these efforts helped manage security costs and enhance productivity, among other benefits, but may also have increased security risks and reduced security performance at the Y-12 Nation...