Research and development (41 - 50 of 62 items)
Views on the Proposed "Hydrogen Fuel Development and Use Act of 1979"
EMD-80-B3: Published: Feb 21, 1980. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 1980.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reported on H.R. 5399, the Hydrogen Fuel Development and Use Act of 1979. The bill would create a comprehensive goal-oriented hydrogen research, development, and demonstration program managed by the Department of Energy and would amend the Internal Revenue Code to provide financial incentives to encourage the production and use of hydrogen fuel. Although GA...
U.S. International Energy Research and Development Program Management
ID-80-14: Published: Feb 5, 1980. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 1980.
The Department of Energy's (DOE) efforts in cooperative international energy research and development arrangements were reviewed.The following needs were found: (1) mechanisms to identify potential cooperative international energy projects; (2) guidelines and criteria for determining a reasonable level of U.S. contribution; (3) opportunities for U.S. private sector competition; and (4) controls ov...
Nuclear Reactor Options To Reduce the Risk of Proliferation and To Succeed Current Light Water Reactor Technology
EMD-79-15: Published: May 23, 1979. Publicly Released: May 23, 1979.
Nearly all commercial nuclear reactors in the United States are light water reactors. Until recently, the "heir apparent" to the light water reactor was the liquid metal fast breeder reactor. Primarily because of proliferation concerns, the liquid metal fast breeder reactor program has been deemphasized.None of the technical alterations to current nuclear power systems proposed is proliferation-pr...
Opportunities for Improving Program Planning for Photovoltaic Research and Development
EMD-79-40: Published: Apr 19, 1979. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1979.
In a survey of the solar photovoltaic program of the Department of Energy (DOE), GAO attempted to identify ways to improve the development of photovoltaic devices. These devices, which convert sunlight directly to electricity, are at present too expensive to be of much help in solving the Nation's energy problems. Congress added new impetus to the program in 1978 by passing an act in support of a...
Fossil Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration: Opportunities for Change
EMD-78-57: Published: Sep 18, 1978. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 1979.
There has been a significant increase in recent years in research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) funding for fossil energy technologies, with a large proportion of funds directed towards efforts to demonstrate that these techniques will be commercially viable.The Department of Energy (DOE) lacked some of the tools necessary to properly manage fossil energy RD&D programs. It had not develop...
The Multiprogram Laboratories: A National Resource for Nonnuclear Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration
EMD-78-62: Published: May 22, 1978. Publicly Released: May 22, 1978.
The eight multiprogram laboratories under the Department of Energy (DOE) are government-owned research and production facilities operated by university, industry, or nonprofit contractors. In the past, most of their resources have been directed toward nuclear energy, but they have more recently developed capabilities in the fields of nonnuclear energy research, development, and demonstration (RD&D...
Determination of the Respective Roles and Reporting Structure for the Solar Energy Research Institute and the Regional Network
EMD-78-26: Published: Jan 24, 1978. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 1978.
A recent GAO report expressed concern about the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) and the rather arbitrary basis for establishing the regional SERI network; it was felt that the need for SERI and the regional network should be evaluated prior to the establishment of their respective roles. The creation of SERI was authorized on October 26, 1974, by the Solar Energy Research, Development, and...
First Federal Attempt to Demonstrate a Synthetic Fossil Energy Technology, A Failure
EMD-77-59: Published: Aug 17, 1977. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1977.
Questions were raised by Congress concerning the Energy Research and Development Administration's (ERDA) administration of a contract to demonstrate a process for converting coal to clean boiler fuel, efforts to safeguard against organizational conflicts of interest in awarding and administering contracts for fossil energy demonstration plants, and reasons for rejecting a proposal for a gasificati...
Views on the Nation's Commitment to the Development of Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Technology
EMD-77-56: Published: Aug 2, 1977. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1977.
GAO's views on the U.S. commitment to the development of the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) technology were solicited, specifically as to whether the President's decision to abandon the Clinch River Breeder Reactor (CRBR) project meant abandonment of the whole LMFBR program.The abandonment of the CRBR, coupled with the major cutbacks in breeder research and development, will not enhance...