Energy costs (21 - 30 of 61 items)
Crude Oil: Uncertainty about Future Oil Supply Makes It Important to Develop a Strategy for Addressing a Peak and Decline in Oil Production
GAO-07-283: Published: Feb 28, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 29, 2007.
The U.S. economy depends heavily on oil, particularly in the transportation sector. World oil production has been running at near capacity to meet demand, pushing prices upward. Concerns about meeting increasing demand with finite resources have renewed interest in an old question: How long can the oil supply expand before reaching a maximum level of production--a peak--from which it can only decl...
Advanced Energy Technologies: Key Challenges to Their Development and Deployment
GAO-07-550T: Published: Feb 28, 2007. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2007.
For decades, the nation has benefited from relatively inexpensive energy, but it has also grown reliant on fossil fuels--oil, natural gas, and coal. Periodic imported oil supply disruptions have led to price shocks, yet the nation's dependence on imported energy is greater than ever. Fossil fuel emissions of carbon dioxide--linked to global warming--have also raised environmental concerns. The Dep...
Department of Energy: Key Challenges Remain for Developing and Deploying Advanced Energy Technologies to Meet Future Needs
GAO-07-106: Published: Dec 20, 2006. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 2007.
Despite periodic price shocks and related energy crises, the United States is even more dependent on crude oil and natural gas than it was almost 30 years ago. And, without dramatic change, the nation will become ever more reliant on imported oil and natural gas with attendant threats to national security. The nation has also become concerned about global warming, which has been linked to carbon d...
Federal Energy Management: Facility and Vehicle Energy Efficiency Issues
GAO-03-545T: Published: Mar 12, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2003.
GAO testified that constructing and operating buildings requires enormous amounts of energy, water, and materials and creates large amounts of waste. How agencies manage their facilities, along with the vehicles they use to accomplish their missions, has significant cost implications and greatly affects the environment. According to the Department of Energy, energy management is one of the most ch...
Alternative Motor Fuels and Vehicles: Impact on the Transportation Sector
GAO-01-957T: Published: Jul 10, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2001.
The transportation sector accounts for roughly two thirds of the nation's petroleum consumption and one quarter of the total U.S. energy use. Several steps have been taken during the last 25 years either to reduce petroleum consumption or to increase fuel diversity in the transportation sector, including tax incentives, mandates for alternative fuel vehicles, and laws to promote automobile fuel ef...
California Electricity Market Options for 2001: Military Generation and Private Backup Possibilities
GAO-01-865R: Published: Jun 27, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2001.
Since May 2000, California's restructured electricity market has experienced rapidly rising prices and uncertain reliability. In response to disruptions in service, or blackouts, the state has taken steps to increase electricity supplies and to reduce demand through conservation. The California Independent System Operator, the agency in charge of balancing electricity supply with demand, expects h...
Federal Power: PMA Rate Impacts, by Service Area
RCED-99-55: Published: Jan 28, 1999. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the future role of the power market administrations (PMA) by providing a PMA-by-PMA analysis of the potential rate changes that would likely be experienced by preference customers who buy power from the Southeastern Power Administration, the Southwestern Power Administration, and Western Area Power Administration if the power is sold at market rate...
Federal Electricity: Retail Competition Could Create Savings for the Department of Defense
RCED-98-73R: Published: Feb 25, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated whether the Department of Defense (DOD) could realize savings if, as expected, lower prices resulted from retail competition in the electricity market.GAO noted that: (1) DOD could cumulatively save from about $190 million to $3.60 billion during the 23-year period from fiscal years 1998 through 2020 if it purchased the baseline quantities of elec...
Energy Policy: Natural Gas Prices During the Winter of 1996-97
RCED-98-105R: Published: Mar 11, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on natural gas prices during the winter of 1996-1997 nationwide and for New Mexico, focusing on: (1) whether natural gas prices or small consumers have become more volatile than in the past; (2) the factors that contributed to natural gas volatility and price spikes, if any, during this period; and (3) the actions by the private sector...
Energy Policy: Propane Price Increases During the Winter of 1996-97
RCED-98-52R: Published: Dec 16, 1997. Publicly Released: Dec 31, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the: (1) factors that caused the propane price increases during the 1996-1997 heating season; and (2) options available to the government to cushion the potential effects of propane price increases on low-income residential consumers.GAO noted that: (1) several factors have been cited as causing or contributing to the sharply increased residential...