Energy research (31 - 40 of 50 items)
Federal Demonstrations of Solar Heating and Cooling on Private Residences--Only Limited Success
EMD-79-55: Published: Oct 9, 1979. Publicly Released: Oct 9, 1979.
Pursuant to a 1974 act of Congress, the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) initiated two programs to demonstrate the practical use of solar heating and cooling systems. ERDA gave the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) responsibility for the residential program and placed the Federal residence program under the direction of the Department of Defense. The act charge...
Opportunities for Improving Program Planning for Photovoltaic Research and Development
EMD-79-40: Published: Apr 19, 1979. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1979.
In a survey of the solar photovoltaic program of the Department of Energy (DOE), GAO attempted to identify ways to improve the development of photovoltaic devices. These devices, which convert sunlight directly to electricity, are at present too expensive to be of much help in solving the Nation's energy problems. Congress added new impetus to the program in 1978 by passing an act in support of a...
TVA's Load Management Activities
EMD-79-44: Published: Apr 11, 1979. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 1979.
Load management projects at the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) were evaluated in an attempt to determine their potential for application to the utility industry, and it appeared that water heater controls could be successfully implemented at this time. In October 1977, TVA approved a program to control existing water heaters in 400 homes, new 120-gallon water heaters in 100 homes, and space cond...
Conversion of Urban Waste to Energy: Developing and Introducing Alternative Fuels From Municipal Solid Waste
EMD-79-7: Published: Feb 28, 1979. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 1979.
One of the least recognized alternative sources of energy, municipal solid waste, is a promising, virtually inexhaustible domestic energy source. Technologies to convert this waste to energy are available, and the recovery of energy through the combustion on municipal solid waste is a well-established technique for conserving energy in Western Europe.Federal efforts to convert waste to energy are...
GAO Work Involving Title V of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975
EMD-78-88: Published: Oct 4, 1978. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 1978.
Title V of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 authorized GAO to independently verify energy data and to inspect the books and records of private persons and companies. The act also directed that GAO annually report to Congress on energy or financial information reviewed under title V and to discusss actions taken to correct any noted deficiencies.As of July 31, 1978, GAO had requested...
Electric Energy Issues Facing the Pacific Northwest
107102: Sep 19, 1978
A review of the Pacific Northwest electric-energy situation indicated that the region needs improved leadership in electric-power planning and policymaking. There is also a need for representative citizen involvement in power planning and policymaking in order to develop an acceptable electricity-management program. More information is needed before the Federal Government makes any firm commitment...
Lower Cook Inlet: Another Example of More Data Needed for Appraising Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Resources
EMD-78-48: Published: Jun 8, 1978. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 1978.
The nation greatly relies on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) leasing program for meeting near-term domestic energy needs, particularly while new energy technologies and conservation actions are being developed. Decisions regarding where to lease and at what rate have a significant impact on the future production of OCS resources. The Department of the Interior's October 1977 sale of 135 oil and...
Need To Minimize Risks of Using Salt Caverns for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve
EMD-78-25: Published: Jan 9, 1978. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 1978.
The Energy Policy and Conservation Act requires the Federal Energy Administration (FEA) to create a strategic petroleum reserve to protect against interruptions in energy and petroleum product supplies. Oil for the reserve will be stored in caverns within salt domes and in salt and limestone mines. FEA identified nine potential sites--four salt domes, three salt mines, and two limestone mines--wit...
GAO Energy Digest
104263: Sep 1, 1977
The Energy Digest, the first in a series of planned topical digests, brings together all of the available unrestricted documents on energy-related matters that GAO has issued from July 1972 through March 1977. For the most part, this publication was derived from computerized GAO data bases.Designed to serve as a desk reference, the Energy Digest contains over 200 audit reports, special studies, le...
Net Energy Analysis: Little Progress and Many Problems
EMD-77-57: Published: Aug 10, 1977. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1977.
Net energy is generally defined as the amount of energy available for consumption from a resource after subtracting the energy expended to locate, mine, transport, refine, convert, and deliver it to the customer. The Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) has not used net energy analysis in analyzing and considering net yields of new energy technologies as much as intended by the Fe...