Energy and water development (31 - 40 of 69 items)
Nuclear Waste: Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leaks Greater Than Estimated
RCED-91-177: Published: Aug 5, 1991. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined whether the Department of Energy (DOE) or its Hanford, Washington, site contractor fully disclosed the volume of waste that leaked from the site's underground single-shell storage tanks.GAO found that: (1) DOE estimated that 750,000 gallons of liquid waste leaked from 66 shell tanks, but did not include the volume of cooling water that had been a...
Uranium Enrichment: DOE Needs to Pursue Alternative AVLIS Deployment Options
RCED-91-88: Published: Aug 8, 1991. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 1991.
GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) demonstration and deployment of the atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS) program and the building of an AVLIS plant, focusing on technical, program, and economic issues.GAO found that: (1) independent experts believe that the AVLIS demonstration program will be successful, but the program will not provide the specific cost information needed f...
Nuclear Waste: Pretreatment Modifications at DOE Hanford's B Plant Should Be Stopped
RCED-91-165: Published: Jun 12, 1991. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) plans to modify its Hanford Site B Plant in Washington to pretreat mixed high-level radioactive waste before the vitrification process to turn it into glass.GAO found that: (1) although DOE was aware that the plant had not met specific federal or DOE regulations since 1987, it failed to timely discuss the compliance...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: Controls Over the Commercial Sale and Export of Tritium Can Be Improved
RCED-91-90: Published: Mar 25, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the adequacy of the Department of Energy's (DOE) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) existing controls on the commercial sales and exports of tritium.GAO found that: (1) DOE and its contractor-operated Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) were slow to investigate the major shipper-receiver and internal tritium discrepancies that allegedly...
Energy Management: Better DOE Controls Needed Over Contractors' Discretionary R&D Funds
RCED-91-18: Published: Dec 5, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the discretionary research and development (R&D) activities of three Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories and the DOE need for, uses of, and management controls over those activities.GAO found that: (1) DOE had specific authority to approve laboratories' reasonable use of funds for discretionary R&D activities; (2) DOE had statutory authority to...
Energy Security: Federal Responses to December 1989 Heating Fuel Shortages Were Limited
RCED-91-78: Published: Feb 20, 1991. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined: (1) alleged December 1989 heating fuel shortages; (2) the type of data the Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA) collected and its analyses of heating fuel supply and demand; (3) the impact of federal agencies' delayed processing of Jones Act waivers on heating fuel supplies; and (4) the impact of interruptible natur...
Oil Reserve: Some Concerns Remain About SPR Drawdown and Distribution
RCED-91-16: Published: Nov 28, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the Department of Energy's (DOE) Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) drawdown plans, focusing on: (1) DOE capability for withdrawing and distributing SPR oil; (2) SPR compliance with pipeline safety requirements; and (3) the status of DOE actions to correct problems previously identified by GAO.GAO found that: (1) DOE estimated that it could withdraw...
Nuclear Safety: Potential Security Weaknesses at Los Alamos and Other DOE Facilities
RCED-91-12: Published: Oct 11, 1990. Publicly Released: Nov 26, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined: (1) the adequacy of security at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and other Department of Energy (DOE) facilities; (2) DOE oversight of contractor security forces; and (3) the feasibility of establishing federal security forces at DOE facilities.GAO found that: (1) DOE did not assess the adequacy of the replacement force at Los Alamos until 6 wee...
Nuclear Waste: DOE Needs to Ensure Nevada's Conformance With Grant Requirements
RCED-90-173: Published: Jul 9, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) program to provide financial assistance to Nevada under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982.GAO found that: (1) Nevada opposes the DOE Yucca Mountain project; (2) Nevada spent most of the $32 million in nuclear waste act grants properly, but used $1 million of the funds for activities that were not authorized; (3)...
Nuclear Safety: Concerns About Reactor Restart and Implications for DOE's Safety Culture
RCED-90-104: Published: Apr 12, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) efforts to restart three nuclear production reactors at the Savannah River site in South Carolina.GAO found that: (1) the site contractor submitted a restart plan to DOE that detailed actions needed for restart; (2) the plan proposed to restart one reactor in September 1990, and the other two in December 1990 and Ma...