Appropriations (31 - 40 of 89 items)
Uranium Enrichment: DOE Needs to Pursue Alternative AVLIS Deployment Options
RCED-91-88: Published: Aug 8, 1991. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 1991.
GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) demonstration and deployment of the atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS) program and the building of an AVLIS plant, focusing on technical, program, and economic issues.GAO found that: (1) independent experts believe that the AVLIS demonstration program will be successful, but the program will not provide the specific cost information needed f...
Nuclear Waste: Pretreatment Modifications at DOE Hanford's B Plant Should Be Stopped
RCED-91-165: Published: Jun 12, 1991. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) plans to modify its Hanford Site B Plant in Washington to pretreat mixed high-level radioactive waste before the vitrification process to turn it into glass.GAO found that: (1) although DOE was aware that the plant had not met specific federal or DOE regulations since 1987, it failed to timely discuss the compliance...
Nuclear Regulation: NRC's Relationship with the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations
RCED-91-122: Published: May 16, 1991. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) relationship with the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO), focusing on whether NRC: (1) used INPO evaluation reports instead of its own oversight of the nuclear power industry; and (2) relied on INPO communications to alert industry of potential nuclear plant safety problems instead of issuing its...
Nuclear Health and Safety: More Attention to Health and Safety Needed at Pantex
RCED-91-103: Published: Apr 15, 1991. Publicly Released: May 1, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined key safety and health problems at the Department of Energy's (DOE) contractor-operated Pantex Plant to determine its need for external safety oversight.GAO found that: (1) Pantex cited a lack of personnel for its failure to complete more than half of the safety analysis reports (SAR) needed to ensure plant safety; (2) a DOE team of specialists iden...
Nuclear Safety: The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board's First Year of Operation
RCED-91-54: Published: Feb 5, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the accomplishments, operations, and problems faced by the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, focusing on: (1) the Board's mission to improve safety and health conditions at the Department of Energy's (DOE) defense nuclear facilities; (2) problems encountered in hiring technical staff; and (3) changes needed to enhance the Board's independenc...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: Controls Over the Commercial Sale and Export of Tritium Can Be Improved
RCED-91-90: Published: Mar 25, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the adequacy of the Department of Energy's (DOE) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) existing controls on the commercial sales and exports of tritium.GAO found that: (1) DOE and its contractor-operated Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) were slow to investigate the major shipper-receiver and internal tritium discrepancies that allegedly...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: DOE Needs Better Controls to Identify Contractors Having Foreign Interests
RCED-91-83: Published: Mar 25, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether the Department of Energy (DOE) and three of its weapons laboratories complied with DOE regulations and procedures designed to protect the United States against uncontrolled transfers of nuclear weapons-related technology or material to entities that are foreign owned, controlled, or influenced (FOCI) U.S. companies performing classified wor...
Energy Management: Better DOE Controls Needed Over Contractors' Discretionary R&D Funds
RCED-91-18: Published: Dec 5, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the discretionary research and development (R&D) activities of three Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories and the DOE need for, uses of, and management controls over those activities.GAO found that: (1) DOE had specific authority to approve laboratories' reasonable use of funds for discretionary R&D activities; (2) DOE had statutory authority to...
Energy Security: Federal Responses to December 1989 Heating Fuel Shortages Were Limited
RCED-91-78: Published: Feb 20, 1991. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined: (1) alleged December 1989 heating fuel shortages; (2) the type of data the Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA) collected and its analyses of heating fuel supply and demand; (3) the impact of federal agencies' delayed processing of Jones Act waivers on heating fuel supplies; and (4) the impact of interruptible natur...
Oil Reserve: Some Concerns Remain About SPR Drawdown and Distribution
RCED-91-16: Published: Nov 28, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the Department of Energy's (DOE) Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) drawdown plans, focusing on: (1) DOE capability for withdrawing and distributing SPR oil; (2) SPR compliance with pipeline safety requirements; and (3) the status of DOE actions to correct problems previously identified by GAO.GAO found that: (1) DOE estimated that it could withdraw...