Oil importing (1 - 10 of 58 items)
Changing Crude Oil Markets: Allowing Exports Could Reduce Consumer Fuel Prices, and the Size of the Strategic Reserves Should Be Reexamined
GAO-14-807: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2014.
The studies GAO reviewed and stakeholders interviewed suggest that removing crude oil export restrictions is likely to increase domestic crude oil prices but decrease consumer fuel prices. Prices for some U.S. crude oils are lower than international prices—for example, one benchmark U.S. crude oil averaged $101 per barrel in 2014, while a comparable international crude oil averaged $109. Studies...
Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Issues Regarding the Inclusion of Refined Petroleum Products as Part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve
GAO-09-695T: Published: May 12, 2009. Publicly Released: May 12, 2009.
The possibility of storing refined petroleum products as part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) has been contemplated since the SPR was created in 1975. The SPR, which currently holds about 700 million barrels of crude oil, was created to help insulate the U.S. economy from oil supply disruptions. However, the SPR does not contain refined products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, or jet fuel...
Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Improving the Cost-Effectiveness of Filling the Reserve
GAO-08-726T: Published: Apr 24, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2008.
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created in 1975 to help protect the U.S. economy from oil supply disruptions and currently holds about 700 million barrels of crude oil. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to increase the SPR storage capacity from 727 million barrels to 1 billion barrels, which it plans to accomplish by 2018. Since 1999, oil for the SPR h...
Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Options to Improve the Cost-Effectiveness of Filling the Reserve
GAO-08-521T: Published: Feb 26, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2008.
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created in 1975 to help insulate the U.S. economy from oil supply disruptions and currently holds about 700 million barrels of crude oil. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to increase the SPR storage capacity from 727 million barrels to 1 billion barrels, which it plans to accomplish by 2018. Since 1999, oil for the SPR...
Crude Oil: Uncertainty about Future Oil Supply Makes It Important to Develop a Strategy for Addressing a Peak and Decline in Oil Production
GAO-07-283: Published: Feb 28, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 29, 2007.
The U.S. economy depends heavily on oil, particularly in the transportation sector. World oil production has been running at near capacity to meet demand, pushing prices upward. Concerns about meeting increasing demand with finite resources have renewed interest in an old question: How long can the oil supply expand before reaching a maximum level of production--a peak--from which it can only decl...
Crude Oil: California Crude Oil Price Fluctuations Are Consistent with Broader Market Trends
GAO-07-315: Published: Jan 19, 2007. Publicly Released: Feb 20, 2007.
California is the nation's fourth largest producer of crude oil and has the third largest oil refining industry (behind Texas and Louisiana). Because crude oil is a globally traded commodity, natural and geopolitical events can affect its price. These fluctuations affect state revenues because a share of the royalty payments from companies that lease state or federal lands to produce crude oil are...
Energy Security: Issues Related to Potential Reductions in Venezuelan Oil Production
GAO-06-668: Published: Jun 27, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2006.
Venezuela is the world's eighth-largest oil exporter and among the top 10 countries in total proven oil reserves. Venezuela also supplies about 11 percent of current U.S. imports of crude oil and petroleum products and wholly owns five refineries in the U.S. Consequently, Venezuela is a key player in the future energy security of the United States and the world. The current global oil market is ti...
Energy Markets: Gasoline Price Trends
GAO-05-1047T: Published: Sep 21, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2005.
Soaring retail gasoline prices have garnered extensive media attention and generated considerable public anxiety in recent months, particularly in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Prices in many areas hit by the hurricane saw retail gasoline prices increase to over $3.00 per gallon, and in one reported case to almost $6.00 per gallon, with some gasoline stations running out of gasoline entirely...
Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of the Oil and Gas Industries
AIMD-99-162: Published: May 19, 1999. Publicly Released: May 19, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO identified the oil and gas power industries' vulnerability to year 2000 problems and the reported status of their year 2000 readiness.GAO noted that: (1) all phases of operations in the oil and gas industries--from production to distribution--use computer systems and equipment that are subject to year 2000 failures; (2) while the domestic oil and gas indust...
Naval Petroleum Reserve: Limited Opportunities Exist to Increase Revenues From Oil Sales in California
RCED-94-126: Published: May 24, 1994. Publicly Released: May 25, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on Naval Petroleum Reserve (NPR) oil sales, focusing on whether: (1) NPR oil sales to Gulf Coast and mid-continent refiners would increase government revenues and result in higher prices for the remaining NPR oil in California; (2) there are barriers that impede the shipment of NPR oil to refiners; (3) the Department of Energy (DOE) can...