Cost analysis (101 - 110 of 267 items)
Energy Markets: Mergers and Many Other Factors Affect U.S. Gasoline Markets
GAO-04-951T: Published: Jul 7, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2004.
Gasoline is subject to dramatic price swings. A multitude of factors cause volatility in U.S. gasoline markets, including world crude oil costs, limited refining capacity, and low inventories relative to demand. Since the 1990s, another factor affecting U.S. gasoline markets has been a wave of mergers in the petroleum industry, several of them between large oil companies that had previously compet...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: DOE's Effort to Close Russia's Plutonium Production Reactors Faces Challenges, and Final Shutdown Is Uncertain
GAO-04-662: Published: Jun 4, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2004.
Russia's continued operation of three plutonium production reactors poses a serious proliferation threat. The Department of Energy's (DOE) Elimination of Weapons-Grade Plutonium Production program seeks to facilitate the reactors' closure by building or refurbishing replacement fossil fuel plants. This report (1) describes DOE's efforts to manage and implement the program, (2) assesses the challen...
Energy Markets: Effects of Mergers and Market Concentration in the U.S. Petroleum Industry
GAO-04-96: Published: May 17, 2004. Publicly Released: May 27, 2004.
Starting in the mid-1990s, the U.S. petroleum industry experienced a wave of mergers, acquisitions, and joint ventures, several of them between large oil companies that had previously competed with each other. For example, Exxon, the largest U.S. oil company, acquired Mobil, the second largest, thus forming ExxonMobil. GAO was asked to examine the effects of the mergers on the U.S. petroleum indus...
Nuclear Waste Cleanup: DOE Has Made Some Progress in Cleaning Up the Paducah Site, but Challenges Remain
GAO-04-457: Published: Apr 1, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 1, 2004.
In 1988, radioactive contamination was found in the drinking water wells of residences near the federal government's uranium enrichment plant in Paducah, Kentucky. In response, the Department of Energy (DOE) began a cleanup program. In 2000, GAO reported that DOE faced significant challenges in cleaning up the site and that it was doubtful that the cleanup would be completed as scheduled by 2010 a...
Department of Energy: Reimbursement of Contractor Litigation Costs
GAO-04-148R: Published: Nov 26, 2003. Publicly Released: Dec 29, 2003.
The Department of Energy (DOE) contracts with not-for-profit universities and private companies to operate its facilities. As part of the cost of operating these facilities, DOE can reimburse its contractors for the litigation costs associated with cases brought against them. Each year the department spends millions of dollars in such reimbursements. For the most part, litigation expenses involve...
Nuclear Waste Cleanup: Preliminary Observations on DOE's Cleanup of the Paducah Uranium Enrichment Plant
GAO-04-278T: Published: Dec 6, 2003. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2003.
In 1988, radioactive contamination was found in the drinking water wells of residences located near the federal government's uranium enrichment plant in Paducah, Kentucky, which is still in operation. In response, the Department of Energy (DOE) began a cleanup program to identify and remove contamination in the groundwater, surface water, and soil located within and outside the plant. In 2000, GAO...
Energy Task Force: Process Used to Develop the National Energy Policy
GAO-03-894: Published: Aug 22, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 25, 2003.
On January 29, 2001, the President established the National Energy Policy Development Group (NEPDG)--a group of cabinet-level and other senior administration officials, chaired by the Vice President--to gather information, deliberate, and recommend a national energy policy. The group presented its final report to the President in May 2001. GAO was asked to (1) describe the process used by the NEPD...
Department of Energy: Observations on Externally Regulating Nuclear and Worker Safety in DOE's Science Laboratories
GAO-02-974T: Published: Jul 25, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2002.
This testimony discusses the Department of Energy's (DOE) plan for external regulation of nuclear and worker safety at its facilities. DOE's position remains essentially unchanged since the 1999 congressional hearing, when the department decided not to move forward on external regulation until cost uncertainties and implementation issues were resolved. Past regulatory simulations and ongoing work...
Department of Energy: Observations on Using External Agencies to Regulate Nuclear and Worker Safety in DOE's Science Laboratories
GAO-02-868R: Published: Jun 26, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 2002.
The Department of Energy's (DOE) complex of research and nuclear facilities is not inspected or licensed by an independent external regulator, such as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Instead, DOE and its predecessors have, since 1946, been granted legislative authority to self-regulate nuclear and worker safety in the department's facilities. DOE officials told GAO that (1) the department...
Radiation Standards: Scientific Basis Inconclusive, and EPA and NRC Disagreement Continues
RCED-00-152: Published: Jun 30, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) radiation standards, focusing on: (1) whether the U.S. radiation protection standards have a well-verified scientific basis; (2) whether federal agencies have come closer to agreeing on standards since GAO reported on this issue in 1994; and (3) how implementi...