All Topics » Employment
Employment (31 - 40 of 4,994 items) in Custom Date Range
Retirement Security: Most Households Approaching Retirement Have Low Savings
GAO-15-419: Published: May 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2015.
Many retirees and workers approaching retirement have limited financial resources. About half of households age 55 and older have no retirement savings (such as in a 401(k) plan or an IRA). According to GAO's analysis of the 2013 Survey of Consumer Finances, many older households without retirement savings have few other resources, such as a defined benefit (DB) plan or nonretirement savings, to d...
Unemployment Insurance: States' Reductions in Maximum Benefit Durations Have Implications for Federal Costs
GAO-15-281: Published: Apr 22, 2015. Publicly Released: May 21, 2015.
The unemployment insurance (UI) system, a federal and state partnership that provides benefits to eligible workers who have lost their jobs, was under financial pressures during the recent recession and recovery. Since 2011, nine states reduced the maximum length of time (duration) individuals could receive state benefits. These states reduced duration from 26 weeks to as few as 12 weeks, with 20...
Contingent Workforce: Size, Characteristics, Earnings, and Benefits
GAO-15-168R: Published: Apr 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
The size of the contingent workforce as a proportion of the total U.S. employed labor force can range widely, depending on how it is defined. Narrower definitions generally focus on employment that is temporary, and can result in estimates of less than 5 percent. Broader definitions include various employment arrangements, such as on-call, part-time, and self-employment, among others, and can resu...
Federal Employees' Compensation Act: Analysis of Benefits Associated with Proposed Program Changes
GAO-15-604T: Published: May 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
In 2012, GAO ran simulations to analyze proposals—similar to a proposal discussed in the Department of Labor's 2016 budget justification—to set initial Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) benefits at a single compensation rate. GAO found that the proposals reduced the median wage replacement rates—the percentage of take-home pay replaced by FECA—for total-disability beneficiaries. S...
Regulatory Guidance Processes: Selected Departments Could Strengthen Internal Control and Dissemination Practices
GAO-15-368: Published: Apr 16, 2015. Publicly Released: May 18, 2015.
The four departments—Agriculture (USDA), Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), and Labor (DOL)—and their selected components used guidance for multiple purposes, such as clarifying or interpreting regulations and providing grant administration information. The terminology used for agency guidance varied and agency components issued varying amounts of guidance, ranging from ab...
H-2A and H-2B Visa Programs: Increased Protections Needed for Foreign Workers
GAO-15-154: Published: Mar 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
More than 250,000 foreign workers entered the United States through the H-2A (agricultural) and H-2B (nonagricultural) visa programs in fiscal years 2009 through 2013. U.S. employers use a process that involves multiple federal agencies to petition for and employ temporary foreign workers through these visa programs. The Department of State (State) reported that most workers using these visas were...
Job Corps: Assessment of Internal Guidance Could Improve Communications with Contractors
GAO-15-93: Published: Jan 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 2015.
In selecting funding transfers and spending cuts to address Job Corps' projected funding gaps in program years 2011 and 2012, the Department of Labor's (DOL) Employment and Training Administration (ETA) considered various factors, including the potential effects on students and recommendations from stakeholders. After considering these factors, ETA used $38 million in funding transfers and impleme...
Defense Base Act Insurance: State Department Should Evaluate Its Open Market System and Incorporate Leading Practices into Any Future Single Insurer Solicitation
GAO-15-194: Published: Jan 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2015.
The Department of State (State) did not follow leading acquisition practices in transitioning from a single insurer Defense Base Act (DBA) program to an open market system. Leading practices emphasize adequately documenting market research, allowing enough time to complete a solicitation, and collecting and analyzing data to select among alternatives, but State took limited measures to document th...
Human Capital: OPM Needs to Better Analyze and Manage Dual Compensation Waiver Data
GAO-15-252: Published: Dec 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 5, 2015.
Agencies' use of reemployed annuitants has increased, with the number of on-board retired uniformed and civil service annuitants increasing from over 95,000 in fiscal year 2004 to around 171,000 in fiscal year 2013 (from about 5 percent to 8 percent of the federal workforce). This is inclusive of reemployed annuitants with and without dual compensation waivers. The Department of Defense (DOD) acco...
Fair Labor Standards Act: Extending Protections to Home Care Workers
GAO-15-12: Published: Dec 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2014.
The Department of Labor's (DOL) Home Care Rule is expected to increase the number of home care workers who qualify for minimum wage and overtime protections under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (FLSA). The Home Care Rule narrows the definition of companionship services and limits who may claim the companionship services exemption, among other changes. It is scheduled to go into e...