Program evaluation (91 - 100 of 428 items)
Social Security Reform: Considerations for Individual Account Design
GAO-05-847T: Published: Jun 23, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2005.
Social Security forms the foundation for our retirement income system, providing critical benefits to millions of Americans. However, the Social Security program is facing significant future financial challenges as a result of profound demographic changes. A wide variety of proposals to reform the program are currently being discussed, including restructuring the program to incorporate individual...
Immigration Enforcement: Preliminary Observations on Employment Verification and Worksite Enforcement Efforts
GAO-05-822T: Published: Jun 21, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2005.
The opportunity for employment is one of the most important magnets attracting illegal aliens to the United States. The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 established an employment eligibility verification process and a sanctions program for fining employers for noncompliance. Few modifications have been made to the verification process and sanctions program since 1986, and immigrat...
Workforce Investment Act: Labor Should Consider Alternative Approaches to Implement New Performance and Reporting Requirements
GAO-05-539: Published: May 27, 2005. Publicly Released: May 27, 2005.
In a period of significant budget constraints, it is more vital than ever for federal programs to have good performance information. The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 took a significant step in that direction by introducing greater accountability for employment and training programs than prior programs. WIA established performance measures to look at a broad array of participant outcomes...
Social Security: Societal Changes Add Challenges to Program Protections
GAO-05-706T: Published: May 17, 2005. Publicly Released: May 17, 2005.
Before Social Security was enacted in 1935, at least half of those 65 and older in the United States were financially dependent upon others, including family members and public assistance. Today, the elderly's dependency on public assistance has dropped to a fraction of its depression-era levels, and poverty rates among this group are now lower than for the population as a whole. However, Social S...
21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government
GAO-05-352T: Published: Feb 16, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2005.
This report stems from the recognition that the Congress faces a daunting challenge: the need to bring government and its programs in line with 21st century realities. This challenge has many related pieces: addressing the nation's large and growing long-term fiscal gap; deciding on the appropriate role and size of the federal government--and how to finance that government--and bringing the panopl...
Workforce Investment Act: Labor Has Taken Several Actions to Facilitate Access to One-Stops for Persons with Disabilities, but These Efforts May Not Be Sufficient
GAO-05-54: Published: Dec 14, 2004. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2004.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 includes provisions intended to ensure that people with disabilities have equal opportunity to participate in and benefit from the programs and activities offered through one-stop career centers (one-stops). But little is known, and questions have been raised, about how well this system is working for persons with disabilities. This report examines (1) wh...
Trade Adjustment Assistance: Reforms Have Accelerated Training Enrollment, but Implementation Challenges Remain
GAO-04-1012: Published: Sep 22, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2004.
The Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) Reform Act of 2002 consolidated two programs serving trade-affected workers and made changes to expand benefits and decrease the time it takes for workers to get services. GAO was asked to provide information on (1) how key reform provisions have affected program services, (2) what have been the challenges in implementing new provisions, (3) whether demand for...
Workforce Investment Act: States and Local Areas Have Developed Strategies to Assess Performance, but Labor Could Do More to Help
GAO-04-657: Published: Jun 1, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2004.
With rising federal deficits and greater competition for public resources, it is increasingly important for federal programs, such as the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) programs, to show results. This report examines (1) how useful WIA performance data are for gauging program performance; (2) what local areas are doing to manage their WIA performance and assess one-stops on a timely basis, and how...
Workplace Safety and Health: OSHA's Voluntary Compliance Strategies Show Promising Results, but Should be Fully Evaluated Before They Are Expanded
GAO-04-378: Published: Mar 19, 2004. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2004.
Because the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) can inspect only a fraction of 7 million U.S. worksites each year in its efforts to ensure safe and healthy working conditions, the agency has increasingly supplemented enforcement with "voluntary compliance strategies" to reach more employers and employ its resources most effectively. GAO assessed the types of strategies used, the e...
Workforce Investment Act: Labor Actions Can Help States Improve Quality of Performance Outcome Data and Delivery of Youth Services
GAO-04-308: Published: Feb 23, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2004.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) has been in effect for several years and is currently undergoing reauthorization. In order to provide the Congress with information on the implementation and effectiveness of the WIA youth program, GAO was asked to explore how services have been delivered at the local level, whether the Department of Labor's guidance has addressed challenges faced by local areas,...