Labor force (111 - 120 of 305 items)
High-Skill Training: Grants from H-1B Visa Fees Meet Specific Workforce Needs, but at Varying Skill Levels
GAO-02-881: Published: Sep 20, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2002.
In recent years, U.S. employers have complained of shortages of workers with higher-level skills in information technology, the sciences, and other fields. To find workers with these skills, employers often turn to foreign workers who enter the United States with H-1B visas to work in specialty occupations. Despite the recent economic downturn, employers report that they continue to need higher-sk...
Collective Bargaining Rights: Information on the Number of Workers with and without Bargaining Rights
GAO-02-835: Published: Sep 13, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2002.
In 1935, the federal National Labor Relations Act provided U.S. workers the right to bargain over wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment with their employers, forming the framework for collective bargaining in the United States. The Act allowed workers to join together to form unions and required that employers recognize certified employee unions and bargain "in good faith." Al...
Proteccion Del Trabajador: Los Esfuerzos del Departmento de Trabajo de Hacer Complir la Proteccion de los Jornaleros Se Beneficiaria Con Mejores Datos y Orientacion
GAO-02-1130: Published: Sep 26, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2002.
This is the Spanish-language version of GAO-02-925. Day laborers generally are individuals who work and get paid on a daily or short-term basis. To find work, they often congregate on street corners and wait for employers to drive by and offer them work. Day laborers may also be employed by temporary staffing agencies that assign them work on a daily basis with client employers. Day laborers have...
Worker Protection: Labor's Efforts to Enforce Protections for Day Laborers Could Benefit from Better Data and Guidance
GAO-02-925: Published: Sep 26, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2002.
Day laborers generally are individuals who work and get paid on a daily or short-term basis. To find work, they often congregate on street corners and wait for employers to drive by and offer them work. Day laborers may also be employed by temporary staffing agencies that assign them work on a daily basis with client employers. Day laborers have an informal relationship with the labor market, ofte...
Workforce Investment Act: Interim Report on Status of Spending and States' Available Funds
GAO-02-1074: Published: Sep 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 2002.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 made sweeping changes to federal employment and training programs. The act sought to unify previously fragmented programs and create a more comprehensive workforce investment system by bringing together most federally funded employment and training services into a single service delivery system known as the one-stop center system. The administration has t...
Workforce Investment Act: States and Localities Increasingly Coordinate Services for TANF Clients, but Better Information Needed on Effective Approaches
GAO-02-696: Published: Jul 3, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 3, 2002.
The 1998 Workforce Investment Act (WIA) required states to provide most federally funded employment-related services through one-stop centers. Two years earlier, welfare reform legislation created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant which provided flexibility to states to focus on helping needy adults with children find and maintain employment. Nearly all states reported...
State Department: Staffing Shortfalls and Ineffective Assignment System Compromise Diplomatic Readiness at Hardship Posts
GAO-02-626: Published: Jun 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2002.
Foreign service employees often experience difficult environmental and living conditions while assigned to U.S. embassies and consulates that are designated as "hardship posts." These conditions include inadequate medical facilities, few opportunities for spousal employment, poor schools, high levels of crime, and severe climate. Because the State Department is understaffed, both in terms of the n...
Women in Management: Analysis of Current Population Survey Data
GAO-02-648T: Published: Apr 22, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 2002.
This testimony is based on a GAO report (GAO-02-156) that analyzed key characteristics of women and men in management positions, identified the representation of women in management positions in specific industries, and identified salary differences between men and women in full-time management jobs. Female managers in the 10 industries GAO examined were younger, less educated, were more likely to...
Workforce Investment Act: Youth Provisions Promote New Service Strategies, but Additional Guidance Would Enhance Program Development
GAO-02-413: Published: Apr 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 2002.
The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 substantially changed the way youth workforce development services are configured and delivered. The act requires states and localities to create a more comprehensive workforce system for development needs. The act promotes partnerships among diverse programs and community representatives through participation on newly created state and local workforce investme...
Federal Employees: OPM Data Do Not Identify if Temporary Employees Work for Extended Periods
GAO-02-296: Published: Mar 1, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2002.
In the early 1990s, concerns arose that federal agencies were retaining employees in an ongoing series of temporary appointments without benefits or tenure. For fiscal years 1991 through 2000, 10 agencies accounted for 90 percent of all temporary limited employees hired governmentwide. During this period, the number of temporary limited employees hired governmentwide declined by 47 percent--from 2...