Labor force (21 - 30 of 305 items)
Human Capital Management: Effectively Implementing Reforms and Closing Critical Skills Gaps Are Key to Addressing Federal Workforce Challenges
GAO-12-1023T: Published: Sep 19, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2012.
Since 2001, Congress, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), and executive branch agencies have taken action to address the government's human capital challenges. For example, in 2002, Congress passed legislation creating the CHCO Council, composed of the Chief Human Capital Officers (CHCO) of 24 executive agencies and chaired by the Director of OPM. In 2004, through the Federal Workforce Flexi...
Department of State: Foreign Service Midlevel Staffing Gaps Persist Despite Significant Increases in Hiring
GAO-12-721: Published: Jun 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2012.
The Department of State (State) faces persistent experience gaps in overseas Foreign Service positions, particularly at the midlevels, and these gaps have not diminished since 2008. In fiscal years 2009 and 2010, State increased the size of the Foreign Service by 17 percent. However, these new hires will not have the experience to reach midlevels until fiscal years 2014 and 2015. GAO found that 28...
Unemployed Older Workers: Many Face Long-Term Joblessness and Reduced Retirement Security
GAO-12-724T: Published: May 15, 2012. Publicly Released: May 15, 2012.
Unemployment rates for workers of all ages have risen dramatically since the start of the recent recession in December 2007, and workers age 55 and over have faced particularly long periods of unemployment. The seasonally unadjusted unemployment rate for older workers increased from 3.1 percent in December 2007 to a high of 7.6 percent in February 2010, before it decreased to 6.0 percent in April...
Workplace Safety and Health: Better OSHA Guidance Needed on Safety Incentive Programs
GAO-12-329: Published: Apr 9, 2012. Publicly Released: May 9, 2012.
Little research exists on the effect of workplace safety incentive programs and other workplace safety policies on workers' reporting of injuries and illnesses, but several experts identified a link between certain types of programs and policies and reporting. Researchers distinguish between rate-based safety incentive programs, which reward workers for achieving low rates of reported injuries or...
Unemployment Insurance: Economic Circumstances of Individuals Who Exhausted Benefits
GAO-12-408: Published: Feb 17, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 2012.
Among the 15 million workers who lost jobs from 2007 to 2009, half received Unemployment Insurance (UI), and about one-fourth of the recipients exhausted UI benefits by January 2010. This represents 2 million displaced workers who exhausted UI as of early 2010, the most recent survey data available. Labor estimated that about an additional 3-1/2 million individuals exhausted benefits in 2010 and 2...
Workforce Investment Act: Innovative Collaborations between Workforce Boards and Employers Helped Meet Urgent Local Workforce Needs
GAO-12-419T: Published: Feb 16, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2012.
Workforce board officials and their partners in the 14 initiatives cited a range of factors that facilitated building innovative collaborations. Almost all of the collaborations grew out of efforts to address urgent workforce needs of multiple employers in a specific sector, rather than focusing on individual employers. The partners in these initiatives made extra effort to engage employers so the...
Workforce Investment Act: Innovative Collaborations between Workforce Boards and Employers Helped Meet Local Needs
GAO-12-97: Published: Jan 19, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2012.
Workforce board officials and their partners in the 14 initiatives cited a range of factors that facilitated building innovative collaborations. Almost all of the collaborations grew out of efforts to address urgent workforce needs of multiple employers in a specific sector, such as health care, manufacturing, or agriculture, rather than focusing on individual employers. Additionally, the partners...
Health Care Coverage: Job Lock and the Potential Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
GAO-12-166R: Published: Dec 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2011.
Empirical research generally indicates that certain types of workers are more likely to remain in jobs they would otherwise leave in order to keep their employer-sponsored health care coverage, although research does not allow for a definitive answer on the prevalence or implications of this phenomenon for the overall labor market. The studies we reviewed generally found those workers who rely on...
American Samoa and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: Employment, Earnings, and Status of Key Industries Since Minimum Wage Increases Began
GAO-11-427: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
In 2007, the United States enacted a law incrementally raising the minimum wages in American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) until they equal the U.S. minimum wage. American Samoa's minimum wage increased by $.50 three times, and the CNMI's four times before legislation delayed the increases, providing for no increase in American Samoa in 2010 or 2011 and none in...
Refugee Assistance: Little Is Known about the Effectiveness of Different Approaches for Improving Refugees' Employment Outcomes
GAO-11-369: Published: Mar 31, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2011.
In fiscal year 2009, the United States resettled close to 70,000 refugees fleeing persecution in their homelands. To assist in their transition to the United States and help them attain employment, the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) provides temporary cash, medical, and other assistance through four different assistance programs. The economic downturn...