Labor force (1 - 10 of 305 items)
Declining Resources: Selected Agencies Took Steps to Minimize Effects on Mission but Opportunities Exist for Additional Action
GAO-17-79: Published: Dec 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2016.
The three selected agencies GAO reviewed for this report—the Employment and Training Administration (ETA), Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers (FLETC), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)—each took a number of different approaches to manage declining resources that aligned with the three key themes outlined in GAO's framework. For example:Top Management Should Lead Efforts to Ma...
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act: Selected States' Planning Approaches for Serving Job Seekers and Employers
GAO-17-31: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
Officials in five selected states reported using three main approaches to develop plans for implementing career pathways, sector partnerships, and regional planning strategies under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). GAO selected states that had various levels of experience with these strategies. Specifically, as a condition of receiving funding, federal agencies require state pl...
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: Additional Actions Needed to Support a Fair and Inclusive Workplace
GAO-16-62: Published: May 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2016.
Nonexecutive employees at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) who responded to GAO's survey identified strengths and areas for improvement in CFPB's personnel practices and culture. Most respondents agreed that enthusiasm for CFPB's mission is high and that immediate supervisors respect and value differences among individuals. However, GAO's survey found heightened concerns related to...
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act: Information on Planned Changes to State Performance Reporting and Related Challenges
GAO-16-287: Published: Mar 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2016.
To implement the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), the 2014 law governing the nation's employment and training programs, the three states GAO visited are considering performance reporting changes such as integrating data systems and using new data sources. GAO selected states with varying levels of experience sharing data across programs. According to the Departments of Education (E...
National Mediation Board: Progress Made on Some GAO Recommendations to Strengthen Operations, but Key Controls Continue to Be Needed
GAO-16-240: Published: Feb 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2016.
The National Mediation Board (NMB) has made some progress in addressing the seven recommendations GAO made in December 2013; however, additional actions are needed to fully implement those recommendations and strengthen operations (see table). Without full implementation, NMB lacks reasonable assurance that its limited resources are effectively targeted and may be missing opportunities to improve...
Federal Low-Income Programs: Multiple Programs Target Diverse Populations and Needs
GAO-15-516: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2015.
More than 80 federal programs (including 6 tax expenditures) provide aid to people with low incomes, based on GAO's survey of relevant federal agencies. Medicaid (the largest by far), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and the refundable portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) comprised almost two-thirds of fiscal year 2013 federal obli...
Contingent Workforce: Size, Characteristics, Earnings, and Benefits
GAO-15-168R: Published: Apr 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
The size of the contingent workforce as a proportion of the total U.S. employed labor force can range widely, depending on how it is defined. Narrower definitions generally focus on employment that is temporary, and can result in estimates of less than 5 percent. Broader definitions include various employment arrangements, such as on-call, part-time, and self-employment, among others, and can resu...
H-2A and H-2B Visa Programs: Increased Protections Needed for Foreign Workers
GAO-15-154: Published: Mar 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
More than 250,000 foreign workers entered the United States through the H-2A (agricultural) and H-2B (nonagricultural) visa programs in fiscal years 2009 through 2013. U.S. employers use a process that involves multiple federal agencies to petition for and employ temporary foreign workers through these visa programs. The Department of State (State) reported that most workers using these visas were...
Fair Labor Standards Act: Extending Protections to Home Care Workers
GAO-15-12: Published: Dec 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2014.
The Department of Labor's (DOL) Home Care Rule is expected to increase the number of home care workers who qualify for minimum wage and overtime protections under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (FLSA). The Home Care Rule narrows the definition of companionship services and limits who may claim the companionship services exemption, among other changes. It is scheduled to go into e...
U.S. Postal Service: Status of Workforce Reductions and Related Planning Efforts
GAO-15-43: Published: Nov 13, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 2014.
From fiscal years 2006 through 2013, the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) decreased the size of its workforce and the number of employee work hours through retirements, attrition, and initiatives to streamline its operations. According to USPS's data, its workforce declined during this period from approximately 796,000 to 618,000 employees, or by about 22 percent. The total number of work hours also dec...