Labor force (31 - 40 of 49 items)
The Changing Workforce: Demographic Issues Facing Employers
T-GGD-92-61: Published: Jul 29, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 1992.
GAO discussed demographic estimates of and employers' responses to changes in the federal and nonfederal sector labor force. GAO noted that: (1) the number of women participating in the labor force has increased to 57 million, and employers are offering child and elder care assistance, flexible work schedules, flexible benefits, and parental leave benefits; (2) minority involvement in the work for...
The Changing Workforce: Demographic Issues Facing the Federal Government
GGD-92-38: Published: Mar 24, 1992. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 1992.
GAO provided information on some of the predictions made in two reports done for the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), Workforce 2000 and Civil Service 2000, focusing on the demographic changes that have occured and are expected to occur, in the civilian labor force and the federal work force.GAO found that: (1) Department of Labor economists and other experts do not agree with the reports' co...
Labor-Management Relations: Tennessee Valley Authority Situation Needs to Improve
GGD-91-129: Published: Sep 26, 1991. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) labor-management relations, focusing on: (1) the basis for TVA exemption from federal labor relations laws that apply to most other federal agencies; and (2) alternatives for improving TVA labor-management relations.GAO found that: (1) TVA employees collectively bargained with TVA management through TVA policy...
Federal Affirmative Action: Better EEOC Guidance and Agency Analysis of Underrepresentation Needed
GGD-91-86: Published: May 10, 1991. Publicly Released: May 16, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the federal affirmative employment program, focusing on: (1) the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's (EEOC) major workforce data requirements for agency multiyear affirmative employment plans; and (2) agency compliance with requirements.GAO found that: (1) 27 of 35 agencies, employing 98 percent of the federal workforce, complied with the EEO...
Advance Notice: Public and Private Sector Policy and Practice
T-HRD-91-19: Published: Apr 18, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 1991.
GAO discussed the public and private sector's policies and practices for advance notice of business closures and mass layoffs. GAO noted that: (1) Congress enacted legislation that required states to organize local assistance response teams to encourage the establishment of labor-management committees to help implement assistance to dislocated workers; (2) Congress enacted legislation requiring la...
Health and Human Services: Hispanic Representation and Equal Employment Practices in Region VIII
HRD-91-6: Published: Nov 20, 1990. Publicly Released: Dec 21, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed allegations of discriminatory hiring and promotion practices against Hispanics by the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) region VIII, located in Denver.GAO found that: (1) the region's employment representation of Hispanics was 10.3 percent with Indian Health Service (IHS) staff excluded and 6.0 percent with IHS staff included; (2) thos...
Managing for Performance in the Public Sector
140066: Jan 1, 1989
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 7, Fall 1989, describes some of the ways that organizational policies and incentives and personal skills can help federal managers to elicit high-quality performance from their staff, covering such areas as direct communication, objective evaluation, supportive listening, effective job-capability matches, supportive management, personnel trainin...
S. 552--The Federal Employee Compensation Equity Act of 1987
T-GGD-87-14: Published: Apr 22, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1987.
GAO discussed a proposed federal pay equity study that the Federal Employee Compensation Equity Act of 1987 would require. In a previous report, GAO compared two potential approaches that were used to study the pay equity issue in the federal work force, specifically economic analysis and job content analysis. GAO found that the proposed bill would: (1) utilize both job evaluation and economic ana...
Reduction in Force Can Sometimes Be More Costly to Agencies Than Attrition and Furlough
PEMD-85-6: Published: Jul 24, 1985. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 1985.
GAO documented an analysis of the savings and costs of reductions-in-force (RIF) at eight agencies and provided a methodology for other agencies to use to compare the potential fiscal impacts of RIF and attrition when there is a need to reduce staff. Included are assessments of the extensiveness of downgrading resulting from RIF and a detailed analysis of the effects of RIF on the employment statu...
Benefit Practices for Permanent and Temporary Federal Employees
GGD-85-54: Published: Jun 10, 1985. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the benefits available to permanent and temporary federal employees; (2) the additional cost to the government if temporary employees received the same benefits as permanent employees; and (3) whether temporary employees are working recurring workperiods at the Forest Service's Northern Region.GAO found that: (1) generally, permanent employees...