Labor force (1 - 10 of 22 items)
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act: Selected States' Planning Approaches for Serving Job Seekers and Employers
GAO-17-31: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
Officials in five selected states reported using three main approaches to develop plans for implementing career pathways, sector partnerships, and regional planning strategies under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). GAO selected states that had various levels of experience with these strategies. Specifically, as a condition of receiving funding, federal agencies require state pl...
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act: Information on Planned Changes to State Performance Reporting and Related Challenges
GAO-16-287: Published: Mar 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2016.
To implement the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), the 2014 law governing the nation's employment and training programs, the three states GAO visited are considering performance reporting changes such as integrating data systems and using new data sources. GAO selected states with varying levels of experience sharing data across programs. According to the Departments of Education (E...
Federal Low-Income Programs: Multiple Programs Target Diverse Populations and Needs
GAO-15-516: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2015.
More than 80 federal programs (including 6 tax expenditures) provide aid to people with low incomes, based on GAO's survey of relevant federal agencies. Medicaid (the largest by far), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and the refundable portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) comprised almost two-thirds of fiscal year 2013 federal obli...
H-2A and H-2B Visa Programs: Increased Protections Needed for Foreign Workers
GAO-15-154: Published: Mar 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
More than 250,000 foreign workers entered the United States through the H-2A (agricultural) and H-2B (nonagricultural) visa programs in fiscal years 2009 through 2013. U.S. employers use a process that involves multiple federal agencies to petition for and employ temporary foreign workers through these visa programs. The Department of State (State) reported that most workers using these visas were...
Grant Workforce: Agency Training Practices Should Inform Future Government-wide Efforts
GAO-13-591: Published: Jun 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2013.
Identifying the federal grant workforce presents challenges due to differences in how agencies manage grants and the wide range of job series that make up the grant workforce. Some agencies manage grants by using a combination of program specialists (subject-matter experts) and grants management specialists, while other agencies use program specialists to manage the entire grant process. In the fo...
Workforce Investment Act: Innovative Collaborations between Workforce Boards and Employers Helped Meet Urgent Local Workforce Needs
GAO-12-419T: Published: Feb 16, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2012.
Workforce board officials and their partners in the 14 initiatives cited a range of factors that facilitated building innovative collaborations. Almost all of the collaborations grew out of efforts to address urgent workforce needs of multiple employers in a specific sector, rather than focusing on individual employers. The partners in these initiatives made extra effort to engage employers so the...
Workforce Investment Act: Innovative Collaborations between Workforce Boards and Employers Helped Meet Local Needs
GAO-12-97: Published: Jan 19, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2012.
Workforce board officials and their partners in the 14 initiatives cited a range of factors that facilitated building innovative collaborations. Almost all of the collaborations grew out of efforts to address urgent workforce needs of multiple employers in a specific sector, such as health care, manufacturing, or agriculture, rather than focusing on individual employers. Additionally, the partners...
Sourcing Policy: Initial Agency Efforts to Balance the Government to Contractor Mix in the Multisector Workforce
GAO-10-744T: Published: May 20, 2010. Publicly Released: May 20, 2010.
Federal agencies face a complicated set of decisions in finding the right mix of government and contractor personnel to conduct their missions. While contractors, when properly used, can play an important role in helping agencies accomplish their missions, GAO has found that agencies face challenges with increased reliance on contractors to perform core agency missions. Congress and the Executive...
Civilian Agencies' Development and Implementation of Insourcing Guidelines
GAO-10-58R: Published: Oct 6, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2009.
Federal agencies rely on a multisector workforce composed of federal employees and contractor personnel to perform services as they carry out their missions. Determining whether to obtain services through insourcing with current or new federal employees, outsourcing with private sector contractors, or cosourcing with a combination of the two is an important economic and strategic decision critical...
Older Workers: Federal Agencies Face Challenges, but Have Opportunities to Hire and Retain Experienced Employees
GAO-08-630T: Published: Apr 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2008.
The federal workforce, like the nation's workforce as a whole, is aging. As experienced employees retire, they leave behind critical gaps in leadership and institutional knowledge, increasing the challenges government agencies face in maintaining a skilled workforce. We and others have emphasized the need to hire and retain older workers as one part of a comprehensive strategy to address expected...