Labor force (31 - 40 of 76 items)
Highlights of a GAO Forum: Workforce Challenges and Opportunities For 21st Century: Changing Labor Force Dynamics and the Role of Government Polices
GAO-04-845SP: Published: Jun 1, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2004.
The U.S. workforce of the 21st century is expected to face a very different set of opportunities and challenges than previous generations. Demographic and economic trends indicate that the size and composition of the labor force, as well as the characteristics of many jobs, are changing in the 21st century. To discuss these changing labor force dynamics and the role of government policies, GAO hos...
Workforce Training: Almost Half of States Fund Employment Placement and Training through Employer Taxes and Most Coordinate with Federally Funded Programs
GAO-04-282: Published: Feb 13, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2004.
As technological and other advances transform the U.S. economy, many of the nation's six million employers may have trouble finding employees with the skills to do their jobs well. Some experts indicate that such a skill gap already affects many employers. To help close this skill gap, both federal- and state-funded programs are providing training and helping employers find qualified employees. In...
Workforce Investment Act: Potential Effects of Alternative Formulas on State Allocations
GAO-03-1043: Published: Aug 28, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 28, 2003.
About $3.3 billion in funds were allocated to states in fiscal year 2003 for Youth, Adult, and Dislocated Worker employment and training programs under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998. The formulas used to distribute these funds are generally the same as those used to distribute funds under the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) of 1982, although WIA target populations and program goal...
Workforce Investment Act: Issues Related to Allocation Formulas for Youth, Adults, and Dislocated Workers
GAO-03-636: Published: Apr 25, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2003.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 required states to streamline employment and training services and established three separate funding streams for serving youth, adults, and dislocated workers, for which about $3.3 billion was appropriated for fiscal year 2003. The formulas for distributing these funds to the states were left largely unchanged from those used to distribute funds under th...
Multiple Employment and Training Programs: Funding and Performance Measures for Major Programs
GAO-03-589: Published: Apr 18, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2003.
Federally funded employment and training programs serve an important role in the nation's economy by helping job seekers enhance their job skills, identify job opportunities and ultimately find employment. While the Department of Labor is responsible for overseeing many of these programs, other agencies such as the Departments of Health and Human Services and Housing and Urban Development also pla...
Food Stamp Employment and Training Program: Better Data Needed to Understand Who Is Served and What the Program Achieves
GAO-03-388: Published: Mar 12, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2003.
Since the late 1990s, many funding changes have been made to the Food Stamp E&T Program. In 1997, legislation required states to spend 80 percent of their funds on participants who lose their food stamp benefits if they do not meet work requirements within a limited time frame. The legislation also increased funds by $131 million to help states serve these participants. But spending rates for the...
Older Workers: Employment Assistance Focuses on Subsidized Jobs and Job Search, but Revised Performance Measures Could Improve Access to Other Services
GAO-03-350: Published: Jan 24, 2003. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2003.
Some economists predict that by 2030, the United States could experience a labor shortage of 35 million workers. As the shortage approaches, one option available is to encourage people to work beyond traditional retirement ages, especially because people who are age 55 or older will constitute nearly a third of the poppulation. Accordingly, increasing demands will be made on the workforce developm...
Workplace Safety and Health: OSHA Can Strengthen Enforcement through Improved Program Management
GAO-03-45: Published: Nov 22, 2002. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 2002.
The United States has made great progress in improving working conditions since the construction of the Empire State Building. Yet, since the early 1990s, over 50,000 workers have died from work-related accidents and millions experience work-related injuries or illnesses each year. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is the primary federal agency responsible for protecting wor...
High-Skill Training: Grants from H-1B Visa Fees Meet Specific Workforce Needs, but at Varying Skill Levels
GAO-02-881: Published: Sep 20, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2002.
In recent years, U.S. employers have complained of shortages of workers with higher-level skills in information technology, the sciences, and other fields. To find workers with these skills, employers often turn to foreign workers who enter the United States with H-1B visas to work in specialty occupations. Despite the recent economic downturn, employers report that they continue to need higher-sk...
Workforce Investment Act: Interim Report on Status of Spending and States' Available Funds
GAO-02-1074: Published: Sep 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 2002.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 made sweeping changes to federal employment and training programs. The act sought to unify previously fragmented programs and create a more comprehensive workforce investment system by bringing together most federally funded employment and training services into a single service delivery system known as the one-stop center system. The administration has t...